Tag Archives: France
Since the illegal invasion of Ukraine began, the solicitor profession has stood in solidarity with the country and its people. We brought together over 100 displaced Ukrainian lawyers and 24 major employers to create networking, employment and training opportunities.
Over 170 guests attended the job fair on 26 September, which aimed to support Ukrainian lawyers who have moved to the UK following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February.
Over 20 major employers, including Shell, Deutsche Bank, Dentons and LexisNexis, had the opportunity to promote a diverse range of roles and initiatives to more than 100 Ukrainian lawyers and collect applications for vacancies.
UK organisations also provided practical advice and guidance, helping lawyers to understand their options for employment and training.
“Today is an example of solidarity in action,” said chief executive of the Law Society, Ian Jeffrey.
“We have brought together law firms, in-house legal teams, legal service providers, recruitment agencies, training providers and English language schools that Ukrainian lawyers will be able to meet with.”
Ukraine’s ambassador to the UK, Vadym Prystaiko, gave a powerful speech condemning Russia’s illegal invasion of his homeland.
He also highlighted the critical role of initiatives that address local problems experienced by Ukrainian refugees, including the search for employment and housing.
Amirsalar Davoudi, an imprisoned Iranian lawyer, is the winner this year of the Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize, awarded this Friday, September 23 in Bordeaux, we learned from the organization.
The Warsaw Bar is named for its part “bar of the year» by this jury made up of representatives of around ten European bar associations and lawyers’ associations.
Amirsalar Davoudi, who has acted as a lawyer for many human rights defenders before Iranian courts, and hosted a Telegram group for Iranian lawyers, was arrested at the end of 2018 for, in particular, insulting the Supreme Leader and propaganda against the ‘State. He was sentenced to a total of thirty years in prison and 111 lashes.
Released last June for irregularities, he was reincarcerated thirteen days later to serve a ten-year sentence in Evin prison in Tehran, where he is still. In 2018, the Ludovic-Trarieux prize had already gone to an Iranian lawyer, Nasrin Sotoudeh.
“By once again awarding the prize to an Iranian lawyer, hit by real judicial harassment and imprisoned for several years, the jury wanted to underline that the forces of democracy and human rights defenders were falling asleep in the face of the ever-renewed threat from Iran, and the fate reserved for its lawyers“, told AFP Me Bertrand Favreau, creator of the prize and president of the jury.
Amirsalar Davoudi is singled out as at least 17 people have been killed in recent days in Iran in protests sparked by the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, arrested on September 13 in Tehran for “wearing inappropriate clothingby the morality police, responsible for enforcing the dress code of the Islamic Republic. The jury also awarded the prize for the bar of the year to that of Warsaw “for his defense of the independence of magistrates while the Polish government puts them under the yoke“.
France: Seine-Saint-Denis : la solidarité s’organise autour de l’avocate après qu’un client a incendié son bureau
Il a été placé en détention dans l’attente de son procès à la mi-octobre. « Dévastée », « abasourdie », Me Herrero explique que « 50% de ses dossiers ont brûlé et que l’autre partie est noyée ».
« Abasourdie », Me Catherine Herrero dit tenir grâce au soutien de ses confrères. L’avocate, qui plaide à Bobigny depuis janvier 1993, a tout perdu lorsqu’un client mécontent a mis le feu à son bureau, situé avenue Pierre-Sémard à Bobigny, mardi midi.
« Il m’a écrit parce qu’il voulait récupérer un document et je lui ai répondu que j’étais en vacances, explique-t-elle. Il est venu et a cassé la porte d’entrée à coups de masse, puis il a tout cassé dans mon bureau et l’a incendié. 50 % de mes dossiers ont brûlé, ainsi que tout le mobilier. Et l’autre partie est noyée. »
L’homme a été interpellé et devait être jugé en comparution immédiate ce jeudi après-midi. Mais l’affaire a été renvoyée à la mi-octobre, dans l’attente d’une expertise psychiatrique, indique le parquet de Bobigny.
Me Herrero se dit « dévastée », d’autant plus qu’ il « y a toujours quelqu’un qui a mes clés et qui peut transmettre un original quand je suis absente ». « Ce n’est pas à moi qu’il a porté préjudice, c’est à mes clients. Je lutte pour eux », explique-t-elle.
L’avocate d’Hassan Iquioussen, Me Lucie Simon, a révélé le 2 septembre dernier sur BFM TV qu’elle avait été victime de menaces, de même d’ailleurs que d’autres professionnels de la justice dans ce dossier. Notre chroniqueuse Me Julia Courvoisier constate avec inquiétude la montée de la violence à l’égard des avocats.
Une avocate menacée de viol, traitée de « pute à bougnoule », c’est la triste affaire qui bouleverse en ce moment ma profession. Avec une dignité incroyable, Me Simon a révélé à la télévision recevoir de telles menaces et de telles injures en raison d’un dossier dans lequel elle est intervenue.
Peu importe l’identité de son client et ce qu’il a fait. Ce qui doit nous révolter c’est qu’une avocate soit aujourd’hui menacée pour avoir eu le malheur de plaider dans un dossier médiatique. C’est intolérable.
Je suis agacée, comme beaucoup, mais je suis surtout inquiète.
Un jour, l’un d’entre nous sera tué
Inquiète car un jour, peut être très prochain, ces menaces seront exécutées et l’un de nous sera attaqué, agressé et tué.
Je ne suis ni dans l’absurde, ni dans la peur : je suis réaliste.
La haine grandissante qui gangrène nos vies se reporte aujourd’hui sur une profession qui était, jusque là, globalement respectée. On peut évidemment critiquer un avocat, on peut argumenter contre lui, on peut dénoncer ce qu’il plaide. C’est notre lot quotidien.
Mais nous avons, je le crains, dépassé ce stade.
Comme me le faisait remarquer à très juste titre Maître Alain Jakubowicz, « les avocats ont de tout temps été insultés, menacés, et parfois agressés en raison de l’identité de l’un de leurs clients : ça ne les a jamais empêchés de se lever, d’assurer fièrement la défense dont ils ont la charge et de voir de nouvelles générations d’avocats prendre la relève ».
Mais à l’époque où les réseaux sociaux n’existaient pas, ces insultes et menaces se proféraient dans les tribunaux ou à leur porte. Au pire, les agresseurs envoyaient des lettres anonymes mais ça n’allait jamais plus loin.
La VII Caravana Internacional de Juristas recorre Colombia para abogar por la protección de los abogados
La VII Caravana Internacional de Juristas recorre esta semana del 20 al 28 de agosto diferentes zonas de Colombia para conocer de primera mano los riesgos que enfrentan en este país abogados y defensores de los derechos humanos.
El equipo de la Caravana está conformado por 18 juristas internacionales y expertos en Derechos Humanos de 11 países, incluidos miembros de la Fundación Abogacía, como integrante del Observatorio Internacional de la Abogacía en Riesgo (OIAD).
Esta iniciativa, organizada por ‘Colombian Caravana’, se celebra desde el año 2008 de manera bianual. En esta edición se visitarán las regiones de Bolívar, Norte de Santander, Santander y Valle del Cauca.
La Defensoría del Pueblo, órgano del Estado colombiano, ha informado de que 122 defensores de derechos humanos han sido asesinados entre enero y julio de 2022. Por ello, la misión de este viaje es analizar las amenazas sufridas por este sector y abogar por su protección.
Esta visita de la Caravana se produce en medio de una coyuntura complicada, debido al incumplimiento del Acuerdo Final de Paz firmado en 2016. Desde entonces se ha dado una agudización de las masacres, del desplazamiento forzado en territorios indígenas, afrocolombianos y rurales, así como una criminalización del derecho a la protesta tras el estallido social de 2021.
La delegación se reunirá con autoridades regionales y nacionales del nuevo gobierno presidido por Gustavo Petro con el fin de abordar los desafíos e inquietudes respecto a la seguridad de los abogados y abogadas.
France: L’imam Iquioussen menacé d’expulsion : son avocate porte plainte pour menaces et cyberharcèlement
« Notre consœur est personnellement la cible d’un odieux déferlement de haine et d’injures, en raison de sa seule qualité d’avocate », déplore la défense de l’avocate de l’imam menacé d’expulsion.
L’avocate Lucie Simon a porté plainte à Paris pour menaces et cyberharcèlement depuis qu’elle défend l’imam Hassan Iquioussen, dont l’expulsion, réclamée par le ministre de l’Intérieur, a été suspendue, ont annoncé mardi ses avocats.
Une plainte contre X pour mise en danger, menaces et cyberharcèlement a été déposée mi-août auprès du tribunal judiciaire de Paris, selon un document consulté par l’AFP. Cette plainte est en cours d’analyse, a indiqué le parquet de Paris.
« Depuis l’annonce, via Twitter par Gérald Darmanin, de la volonté du ministère de l’Intérieur d’expulser M. Iquioussen, notre consœur est personnellement la cible d’un odieux déferlement de haine et d’injures, en raison de sa seule qualité d’avocate », écrivent ses avocats, Nino Arnaud et Romain Ruiz, dans un communiqué transmis.
« D’innombrables menaces de viol et de mort »
Le ministre avait annoncé le 28 juillet l’expulsion de Hassan Iquioussen, prédicateur dans le Nord et réputé proche des Frères musulmans, pour des appels à la haine et à la violence contre la communauté juive notamment.
Le tribunal administratif de Paris a suspendu le 5 août cette demande, estimant que cette expulsion porterait une « atteinte disproportionnée » à la « vie privée et familiale » de l’imam, âgé de 57 ans et né en France, mais de nationalité marocaine. L’appel du ministère doit être examiné vendredi par le Conseil d’État. « Consécutivement à cette décision, d’innommables menaces de viol et de mort se sont adjointes aux injures dont notre consœur était d’ores et déjà victime », selon les deux avocats de maître Lucie Simon.
Zobaida Akbar worked in the General Prosecutor’s Office of Afghanistan until August 15, 2021. That day, the Taliban took over Kabul, and this prosecutor, who had handled hundreds of terrorism cases against radicals and local Daesh commanders, was forced to flee his home. “We went from our house to our relatives because they were looking for us,” he says. After suffering for several weeks, he managed to leave the country and reach Islamabad, Pakistan. She is one of 32 female lawyers for whom associations of judges and prosecutors have appealed to the Spanish government, who consider her situation critical.
In an open letter sent to Pedro Sánchez, the associations Judges and Judges for Democracy and the Progressive Union of Prosecutors regret that “the Spanish government is not responding to this humanitarian crisis in the way that is expected of our country.” In their letter, they recall that these women “had the right to accuse and condemn men, and this is anathema to the Taliban’s ideology” and that “for a very long time” they sought international protection at the Spanish Embassy in Islamabad. Answer.
Qudsia Sharif is one such woman. According to elDiario.es, seven months ago, he requested international protection from the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs from the capital of Pakistan. This 28-year-old girl started her professional career in 2016 as a research lawyer in Ghor to eliminate violence against women. “At that time, I was the only woman working in justice in this province,” she explains. In 2018, she moved to Kabul to take up a position as a prosecutor, which led her to participate in around 40 trials against the Taliban, while also combining her gender research consulting work with international organizations.
“In August 2021, when the Afghan government collapsed due to the Taliban, the days of misery began, especially for women,” says Sharif. “Girls were first deprived of their right to education, protests were brutally suppressed, and protestors were arrested and tortured in prisons. Prosecutors and judges have been forced out of office and the judiciary is collapsing as cases are decided by fatwa [ley islámica]”, he explains from Islamabad. Organizations working to aid the group indicate that the Taliban have killed 26 prosecutors since taking over Kabul. “We’re trying to save our lives,” he says.
In an Amnesty International report, Published on July 27The organization agrees that “the Taliban violates the rights of women and girls to education, work and free movement; They destroy the projection and support system for those escaping gender-based domestic violence; arresting women and girls for minor violations of discriminatory rules; and contribute to the increase in the number of early and forced marriages in Afghanistan.” Additionally, the study’s findings echo what Sharifi expressed: “Women who peacefully protest these oppressive norms are threatened, arrested, imprisoned, tortured, and subject to enforced disappearance.”
“Since the union of progressive prosecutors, we have spent a year in front of the government and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to prove the extreme situation experienced by the group of judges, prosecutors and human rights defenders. For a rule of law like ours to work, there must be people who guarantee this public service. When the situation changes, as the Taliban seize power, it is a moral obligation to protect these people,” UPF President Ines Herrera defends.
Survivors blow the lid off a secret prison operated by the DGFI, Bangladesh’s notorious military intelligence agency.
On May 29th 2016, Shekh Mohammad Salim was waiting at an auto repair shop in Kapashia, Gazipur, as technicians were renovating a bus owned by his family. This was something he took a great interest in coming from a family in the transportation business.
His undivided attention was soon disrupted by a microbus’ sudden arrival. A group of four to five men got out, with one of them holding a strange-looking device with a monitor. The cell phone in Salim’s pocket began to vibrate, indicating an incoming call. He reached into his pocket to pull out his phone, and the men nearby knew they had found their target.
“Are you Shekh Mohammad Salim?” asked one of them.
Not knowing any better, he nodded positively. The men then grabbed his hands and forced him into the microbus, with his hands cuffed behind his back and eyes covered with a blindfold.
Salim had no idea who his captors were, let alone why he was being picked up. But soon, he would be an inmate of an illegal secret prison, known as Aynaghar (House of Mirrors), run by the Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI), Bangladesh’s notorious military intelligence agency.
For the first time, two former inmates — including a former military officer — have come forward publicly to describe the features of this secret prison. In addition, two current military officers not only confirmed the prison’s existence but also provided Netra News with photographs of the tiny, cramped cells inside it. We have also obtained satellite imagery from Maxar Technologies to corroborate and even pinpoint the location of the facility.
Since 2009, as the Bangladesh Awami League returned to power, enforced disappearances have become a brutally effective weapon in the government’s arsenal of repression. According to a tally maintained by the rights group Odhikar, at least 605 individuals became victims of enforced disappearance in Bangladesh between 2009 and September 2021. The list includes terrorism suspects, alleged criminals, political opponents, critics of the ruling party as well as ordinary people like Salim. Human Rights Watch has published a list of 86 men whom they claim have been picked up over a ten-year period, and whose whereabouts remain unknown, and are suspected of still being in secret state detention or killed.
Our investigation into Aynaghar suggests that this particular facility is principally used to incarcerate “high-value detainees”. However, Salim was no “high value” captive — but rather an intriguing case of mistaken identity.
The list of names of former and current detainees of Aynaghar that was provided to us includes Mubashar Hasan, formerly a professor with North South University, whose disappearance was reported by The Wire, an Indian news website, to have been orchestrated by the DGFI. Former ambassador Maruf Zaman, himself a former military officer, and businessman Aniruddha Kumar Roy were also detained in Aynaghar.
Current detainees include two men picked up by law enforcement authorities in August 2016. Mir Ahmed Bin Quasem, the son of Mir Quasem Ali, the Jamaat-e-Islami leader who had been sentenced to death by the International Crimes Tribunal, and Abdullahil Amaan Azmi, a former military general and the son of Ghulam Azam, former Jamaat-e-Islami chief who had been sentenced to life by the same court.
Two officers who saw these two men in Aynaghar confirmed the sighting to Netra News. On one occasion, Hasinur Rahman, too, saw Azmi at one of the toilets at Aynaghar, due to confusion among the guards who were in charge of taking the detainees for scheduled toilet visits. Hasinur also subsequently confirmed Azmi’s status as an inmate of Aynaghar through one of the civilian guards he cultivated inside the prison.
“Liton of Badda”
While Hasinur, as a former military officer, was treated with respect compared to other inmates, Salim was not. He would often be beaten and tortured.
Afghan law students and young lawyers in Afghanistan have been reporting on the ground since the Taliban took Kabul in August 2021. Here, a women lawyer in Kabul speaks on the plight of female lawyers still in the country. For privacy and security reasons, we are withholding our correspondent’s name. The text (translated from the original Persian) has only been lightly edited to respect the author’s voice.
My name is [redacted], a female defense lawyer in Afghanistan, and I would like to give you a detailed explanation about the crisis of defense lawyers and the problems that have plagued women lawyers who are here. Since the Taliban took over the power of the government, all the work of female defense lawyers has become very difficult. They spend their days in their homes as alternatives to imprisonment or house arrest. My colleagues and I are facing thousands of threats. The Taliban destroy women as defenders of human rights and this is extremely horrible. Our voices are suffocated in our throats and no one in this world hears our voices. We are at home and we are changing our homes due to security threats. The life and limb of the defender is in danger. A couple of weeks ago I went to court twice and I gave free legal advice to women in harm’s ways and I helped them in the advancement of their files. I was threatened, but I still want to help.
The economy of female lawyers has collapsed. Poverty and deprivation are rampant. Poverty has increased to the extreme for women lawyers. One day I had a toothache and I did not have money to go to the dentist, and my colleague’s child was sick and she did not have money to go to the doctor. Female lawyers want to study again and try to continue their education, but because that field is not favorable for them either under the Taliban they can’t even study.
The Taliban took over the independent bar association and that became a part of the Ministry of Justice, and now women lawyers are not allowed inside the Ministry. Only men are allowed. Women do not even have the right to retake the exams to be lawyers. They don’t test women, and they don’t allow them to work, so female lawyers are at risk and there is a possibility of losing them. Our mouths have been hit and our voices are suffocated in our throats and our mouths are closed and no one is willing to help us and no one hears our voices and there is the possibility of losing female lawyers in the future. If this occurs, a great deal will be lost and this loss will reach the whole world, because if these lawyers were refugees in other countries they could do a great service for those countries, but because they are in Afghanistan they will be lost.