Tag Archives: Iran

Iran: 14 Women Activists to Be Prosecuted for Demanding Supreme Leader’s Resignation

October 18, 2019

The prosecution of 14 women who signed a statement demanding the resignation of Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei will begin on October 21, 2019, at Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court.

They have been charged with “propaganda against the state” and “assembly and collusion against national security,” Mohammad Hossein Aghasi, an attorney representing three of the defendants, told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI).

The defendants are Shahla Entesari (labor women’s rights activist), Nosrat Beheshti (retired teacher and women’s rights activist), Fereshteh Tasvibi (women’s rights activist), Parva Pachideh (author, poet and women’s rights activist), Giti Pourfazel (attorney and central committee member of the secular National Front party), Zahra Jamali (women’s rights activist), Shahla Jahanbin (women’s rights activist), Fatemeh Sepehri (women’s rights activist), Maryam Soleimani (women’s rights activist), Sousan Taherkhani (women’s rights activist), Farangis Mazloom  (mother of prisoner of conscience Soheil Arabi), Narges Mansouri (labor and women’s rights activist), Ezzar Javadi Hessar (women’s rights activist), and Kimia Norouzi (women’s rights activist).

Most of the activists are being held in the Women’s Ward of Evin Prison in Tehran. At least one, Fatemeh Sepehri, is in Vakilabad Prison in the city fo Mashhad, her son, Masoud Moin, told CHRI on October 17.

Their statement, published on August 9, 2019, said in part: “We rise against this anti-woman regime that has wiped out our human values and demand a complete passage from the Islamic Republic and drafting of a new Constitution for the establishment of a state in which women’s dignity, identity and equal rights are recognized in all areas.”

14 Women Activists to Be Prosecuted for Demanding Supreme Leader’s Resignation

Retired human rights lawyer Giti Pourfazel was arrested


Zahra Jamali and Giti Pourfazel latest female detainees in Iran



Endangered Lawyers need International Protection

October 2019

Click to access Bulletin%20Article%20-%20Prof%20Higashizawa%20-%20Oct%202019.pdf



Iran/Turkey/Syria: Nine protesters detained outside Turkish embassy in Tehran

October 13, 2019

Nine people were detained by Iranian security forces outside the Turkish embassy in Tehran on Saturday while protesting against Turkey’s ongoing military offensive in northeast Syria.

Since Operation Peace Spring began on Wednesday evening, protests have sprung up across Iranian Kurdistan, also known as Rojhelat, concentrated on the major Kurdish cities of Sanandaj, Baneh, Piranshar, and Marivan, amid a heavy security presence.

Hundreds of protesters also gathered outside the Turkish embassy in the Iranian capital Tehran on Saturday to protest Ankara’s Syria offensive. The protesters chanted “death to Turkey and Erdogan” and “Rojava is not alone”.

One protester, who wished to remain anonymous, told Rudaw at least nine people were detained by security forces.

“Minutes after the protests started, security forces forced the protesters to leave the area with force,” the protester said. “The security forces detained nine protesters.”

Abdullah Jahanbyn, head of a Kurdish lawyers group, and Ismail Salary, a Kurdish human rights lawyer, are among those detained, he added.



Argentina/Iran/Israel: Justin Webster Sheds Light on the Alberto Nisman Case in New Documentary Series

September 23, 2019


On Jan. 14, 2015 prosecutor Alberto Nisman went on TV to accuse Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of negotiating the impunity of Iranians accused of the Buenos Aires’ 1994 AMIA bombing, the biggest terrorist attack in the Western hemisphere before 9/11.

“There was an alliance with terrorists, negotiation with a state that bought the terrorists and the terrorists themselves,” said a dapper Nisman, in the interview which appears in the early stretch of Justin Webster’s deeply-caring, meticulous “The Prosecutor, the President and the Spy,” a six-hour doc series which world premiered Monday at Spain’s San Sebastian Film Festival.

Four days later, and on the eve of testifying in court, where he promised decisive proof of the collusion, Nisman was found dead in his bathroom with a single shot to the head. His death reverberated around the world.

Immediately, Kirchner is accused of ordering Nisman’s murder. She denounces the man described in “The Prosecutor” as Argentina’s Rasputin, the fearsome Antonio Horacio “Jaime” Stiuso, a spy with close links to the CIA and Mossad, of conspiring against her.

Produced by Barcelona’s Justin Webster Productions and Fasten Films, Berlin’s Gebrueder Beetz Filmproduktion and backed by Movistar+, ZDFinfo and DR,  “The Prosecutor, the President and the Spy” is “a story of ambition, corruption and espionage which unfolds, with rival narratives of good and evil, of suicide or murder, and of truth itself, around a body found in a bathroom, with enormous international resonance,” its makers say.

“The Prosecutor” will be “an earthquake” in Argentina, predicts San Sebastian Festival director José Luis Rebordinos.

It is also Webster’s most original and most ambitious series to date – building on “Death in Leon,” the Emmy-winning “Six Dreams” and HBO España’s “The Pioneer” – marking the full emergence of an auteur and the creative and industrial potential of a form of story-telling with which he admits he’s obsessed: Cinematic non-fiction series.

Justin Webster Sheds Light on the Alberto Nisman Case in New Documentary Series

Senate committee commemorates 25th anniversary of Jewish center bombing in Argentina



https://www.clarin.com/espectaculos/tv/caso-alberto-nisman-muerte-llego-festival-san-sebastian-serie-fiscal-presidenta-espia_0_bNSwCcNJ.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/internacionales/501930-atentados-argentina-iran-impunidad/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.losandes.com.ar/article/view?slug=el-senado-no-quiere-tratar-el-pedido-de-desafuero-a-cristina (ESPANOL)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)

Iran: EU Parliament In Overwhelming Vote Blasts Iran’s Human Rights Record

September 20, 2019

FRANCE – Plenary hall of European parliament in Strasbourg, July 18, 2019

The European Parliament on Thursday, September 19 adopted a resolution condemning the Islamic Republic’s human rights record, calling Tehran to end “suppression of women” in Iran.

The new resolution was endorsed by 608 votes in favor, seven against and 46 abstentions.

While insisting that Iran must stop criminalizing the work of women’s rights defenders, including the work done by those peacefully protesting compulsory hijab, the European Parliament called on the authorities in Iran to abolish this practice.

Furthermore, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) demanded all EU countries with a diplomatic presence in Iran to use all the diplomacy tools in their power to support and protect human rights defenders on the ground.

MEPs also called on the Iranian authorities to immediately release all human rights defenders and journalists detained and sentenced merely for exercising their right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.

According to the resolution, at least eight journalists are currently in detention in Iran and that many have been systematically targeted by the authorities through criminal investigations, asset freezes, arbitrary arrest and surveillance, including those working for the BBC Persian service. Furthermore, the MEPs referred to a recent report by Iran Human Rights, noting that in 2018 the second-highest number of people in the world were executed in Iran.

The resolution, adopted by a show of hands, reiterates the European Parliament’s call on the government of Iran to immediately and unconditionally release human rights lawyer and Sakharov Prize Laureate Nasrin Sotoudeh, who has been sentenced to 38 years in prison and 148 lashes by an Islamic Revolutionary court.

Sotoudeh was arrested in 2018 and convicted for her peaceful activities defending women’s right to choose their own dress style. Although there is no written law in Iran for compulsory hijab, the police and courts spend huge resources to force women to use hijab. Resistance against the policy has increased among Iranians in recent years.

In the meantime, the resolution has stressed that all EU-Iranian dual nationals currently behind bars in the Islamic Republic should be immediately and unconditionally freed.


EU Parliament Censures Iran’s Suppression of Women

What Do Iranian Human Rights Activists Want from the West?


https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasrin_Sotoudeh (FRANCAIS)


UN/China/Iran/Egypt etc: Many states inflict ‘serious cruelty’ on rights activists – U.N

September 19, 2019

Many states inflict 'serious cruelty' on rights activists - U.N

One-quarter of U.N. member states have carried out suspected reprisals against activists who cooperate with the world body on human rights issues, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said on Thursday.

China, Egypt, Iran, and Vietnam were among states named in his annual report who rejected the allegations during a two-hour debate at the U.N. Human Rights Council.

“Acts of serious cruelty have continuously been reported against those who dare to come to the UN or share information with us – incommunicado detention, torture and ill-treatment, prolonged solitary confinement, and even deaths in custody,” Andrew Gilmour, U.N. Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, told the Geneva forum in presenting the report.

Their family members, legal representatives, and witnesses were also being targeted, he said.

In China, activists and lawyers reported having been “targeted for attending training sessions” or engaging with U.N. human rights instruments, the report said.

“Reprisals reportedly included detention and prison sentences, ill-treatment while in detention, seizure of property and surveillance,” it said.

It cited five cases including human rights lawyer Liu Zhengqing whom the government said in January had been disbarred on the grounds that his public defence statements had endangered national security.




Thailand: Ensure truth, justice, and reparations for victims of enforced disappearance | Written Statement to the UN Human Rights Council

August 29, 2019

Image result for lawyers rights watch canada

Joint written statement* submitted by Lawyers’ Rights Watch Canada, non-governmental organization in special consultative status, and Asian Legal Resource Centre, non-government organization in general consultative status

Thai Lawyers for Human Rights (TLHR), NGO without consultative status, also shares the views expressed in this statement.

Unforgotten in Thailand: Ensure truth, justice, and reparations for victims of enforced disappearance

  1. Introduction: Persistent impunity for enforced disappearances

 A pattern of impunity for enforced disappearances[1] persists in Thailand despite years of promises to ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (UNCED)[2] and to pass legislation making enforced disappearance a crime.[3] The United Nations (UN) Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) reports 82 unresolved cases of enforced disappearances since 1980.[4] This number represents a fraction of Thailand’s enforced disappearances since the 1950s,[5] as families and witnesses remain silent for fear of reprisals.[6] Those most vulnerable to enforced disappearances belong to minorities or indigenous peoples. Also at risk are human rights defenders (defenders) or peaceful government critics.[7]Thailand’s current laws foster impunity for enforced disappearance; when a body is not found, murder charges are not laid.[8] No public officials have ever been held accountable for suspected involvement in enforced disappearances. The persistent pattern of impunity for enforced disappearances constitutes a grave violation of Thailand’s obligations under customary international law and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) to which Thailand acceded in 1996.[9]

The risk of enforced disappearances is heightened by the practice of incommunicado detention of political opponents, suspects in national security cases, and suspected insurgents in southern provinces.[10]

Thailand: Ensure truth, justice, and reparations for victims of enforced disappearance | Written Statement to the UN Human Rights Council


15 years since disappearance Somchai Neelapaijit

Thailand: at event marking 15th anniversary of the enforced disappearance of Somchai Neelapaijit, ICJ calls for effective measures to tackle the crime









https://www.un.org/fr/events/disappearancesday/ (FRANCAIS)

enforced disappearances

Image result for international day of forced disappearances

Iran: Iran Decides To Revise Controversial Rule Restricting Freedom To Choose Lawyer

August 30, 2019

Family members of detained labor activists outside Tehran's notorious Evin prison where most protesters and dissidents are kept. Undated.

Under a barrage of criticism from attorneys and legal experts, the Islamic Republic’s judiciary is set to review a controversial rule that does not allow people accused of “political and intelligence crimes” to choose their own lawyers.

The rule forces the accused to select their defense attorney from a limited list of lawyers already approved by the head of the country’s conservative Judiciary.

Describing the rule as a “mistake” and “disgraceful,” the deputy Chief-Justice in legal affairs, said on Thursday, August 29 that he had been ordered by his boss to revise the rule as quickly as possible.

According to Article 48 of the Islamic Republic Criminal Procedures Regulations, people have the right to pick a lawyer and have a meeting with him/her as soon as they are detained.

Nevertheless, the “Note to Article 48” stipulates, “In cases of crimes against internal or external security—during the investigation stage, the parties to the dispute are to select their attorneys from a list approved by the head of the judiciary.”

The note is a blatant violation of the country’s Constitution that sets no limits or conditions on the right to legal counsel.

Prominent human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh told the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) last year that a list of handpicked lawyers by the head of the Judiciary “violates suspects’ rights because they strip them of their right to choose their own lawyer.”

Ms. Sotoudeh, who is presently behind bars for security-related charges, also noted at the time, “It’s like telling someone you can get an operation from only three surgeons selected by us, not any of the thousands of other doctors in the city.”

The regulation is an ill-conceived action and sets a dangerous precedent, Sotoudeh argued, adding, “In a big province such as West Azerbaijan, where there are more than 3,000 lawyers, only 32 have been put on the approved list.”

Echoing Sotoudeh’s remarks, the deputy head of the judiciary, mid-ranking cleric, Mohammad Mossaddeq (Mossadegh) reiterated that the legal note was a “mistake”, and paved the way for the handpicked lawyers to use it as a “rent” in their own favor.

Earlier, Tehran’s outspoken representative to Majles (Islamic Consultative Assembly), Ali Motahari had disclosed that the controversial note added to Article 48 had been implemented by Amoli Larijani without passing through the required legal channels.


Iranian Lawyers: Judiciary’s Mandatory List of Approved Counsel Sets “Dangerous Precedent”

Journalist Sentenced to 10.5 Years Imprisonment for Covering Labor Day Rally

Iran: Three Rights Lawyers Sentenced to Lengthy Jail Terms in Less Than a Year

At Least 13 Signers of Open Letters Urging Khamenei’s Resignation Are Arrested





https://www.letelegramme.fr/finistere/brest/brest-le-barreau-soutient-aux-avocats-iraniens-condamnes-10-09-2019-12379566.php (FRANCAIS)

https://www.leprogres.fr/rhone-69-edition-lyon-metropole/2019/09/13/les-elus-du-1er-reclament-la-liberte-de-l-avocate-iranienne-nasrin-sotoudeh (FRANCAIS)

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/RC-9-2019-0089_FR.html (FRANCAIS)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasrin_Sotoudeh (FRANCAIS)

https://www.nordbayern.de/kultur/from-evin-with-love-ausstellung-in-nurnberg-1.9330496 (DEUTSCH)

https://www.articolo21.org/2019/08/nasce-in-italia-la-prima-campagna-per-le-donne-in-iran/ (ITALIANO)

https://www.controradio.it/firenze-mozione-per-onoreficenza-a-nasrin-sotudeh/ (ITALIANO)

https://www.ecodisicilia.com/2019/09/03/palermo-campagna-per-la-giustizia-e-la-liberta-delle-donne-iraniane/ (ITALIANO)

https://www.publico.es/sociedad/fuera-velos-someten.html (ESPANOL)

https://nos.nl/artikel/2299573-iran-straft-steeds-harder-activiste-krijgt-24-jaar-voor-afdoen-hoofddoek.html (NEDERLANDS)


OIAD/France: Un observatoire pour les avocats en danger

le 9 août, 2019

Image result for observatoire international des avocats en danger

De longue date, les avocats parisiens ont su mettre en avant leur engagement pour le respect des droits de la défense et la protection de leurs confrères. En France bien sûr, mais aussi à l’étranger avec une tradition d’échanges avec les avocats du monde entier. Un travail qu’accomplit aujourd’hui l’Observatoire international des avocats en danger.

Il semble inconcevable d’imaginer un système juridique qui fait valoir les droits de tous les justiciables sans se représenter le rôle de l’avocat. Si son intégrité et son indépendance paraissent être le minimum requis pour qu’il puisse exercer son métier, ces fondamentaux ne sont hélas pas toujours respectés à travers le monde. Avocats assassinés, emprisonnés ou persécutés, les exemples d’atteinte violente à la profession ne manquent pas, de la Turquie à la Chine en passant par l’Égypte, le Mexique ou l’Inde. À ce sujet, le rapport 2018 de l’Institut des droits de l’Homme des avocats européens (IDHAE) ne dénombrait d’ailleurs pas moins de 379 avocats « en danger parce qu’ils tentent de faire leur métier ».

Une thématique sur laquelle le barreau de Paris s’engage également : le 22 mai dernier était organisée une présentation débat autour du rapport de Human Rights Watch : « Des avocats traduits en justice : poursuites abusives et érosion du droit à un procès équitable en Turquie », à la maison du Barreau à Paris. Une rencontre qui faisait écho à un autre événement mis en place par les avocats parisiens le 24 janvier, la Journée internationale de l’avocat en danger, qui était justement consacrée à la situation turque cette année. Le 11 avril dernier encore, c’était Shirin Ebadi qui était accueillie. Avocate et juge iranienne, Prix Nobel de la paix, elle a dû fuir son pays en 2009 en raison de son combat pour les des droits de l’Homme et vit depuis en exil. Toutes ces actions sont menées sous la bannière de l’Observatoire international des avocats en danger (OIAD), une initiative lancée conjointement avec le CNB et deux barreaux étrangers en 2015 pour défendre les avocats menacés au cours de l’exercice de leur métier. L’Observatoire effectue un travail de veille et d’information pour tenter d’enrayer les atteintes au droit à la défense à travers le monde. Avec une structure qui se veut inclusive et ouverte à tous les barreaux, il a déjà été rejoint par 30 d’entre eux en qualité de membre actif.

Entretien croisé avec Basile Ader, vice-bâtonnier du barreau de Paris, et Anne Souleliac, administratrice de l’OIAD.

Un observatoire pour les avocats en danger


Iran: Rights lawyer Guity Pourfazel arrested

August 25, 2019


At Least 13 Signers of Open Letters Urging Khamenei’s Resignation Are Arrested


https://www.fidh.org/fr/themes/defenseurs-des-droits-humains/iran-une-criminalisation-systematique-des-defenseurs-des-droits (FRANCAIS)

https://www.publico.es/sociedad/silencio-europa-condena-55-anos-carcel-tres-activistas-iranies-negarse-llevar-velo.html (ESPANOL)

http://www.ristretti.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=82369:iran-nuovo-rapporto-su-criminalizzazione-dei-difensori-dei-diritti-umani&catid=220:le-notizie-di-ristretti&Itemid=1 (ITALIANO)

https://www.blick-aktuell.de/Politik/Die-Demokratie-rettenheisst-Menschenrechte-retten-406286.html (DEUTSCH)