Tag Archives: China

China: Chinese academic stopped from teaching after criticising party leadership

March 25, 2019

Law professor made public statements blaming administration for problems facing China

A constitutional law professor who wrote a series of essays critical of China’s Communist party leadership has been stopped from teaching at the prestigious Tsinghua University in Beijing.

Since President Xi Jinping took office in 2012, Xu Zhangrun has written thousands of characters and given multiple speeches where he drew upon ancient Chinese philosophy, literature and political theory to criticise sharply decisions made by the country’s top leadership.

In a long essay published in July on the website of a liberal think-tank, Mr Xu touched upon some of the party’s most sensitive fears when he obliquely blamed Mr Xi for stoking tensions with the US, abandoning the reform efforts of Deng Xiaoping and repressing China’s intellectuals. Mr Xi’s rule has been marked by a crackdown on dissent.

Mr Xu was stripped of his positions and stopped from his teaching at Tsinghua, one of China’s leading universities and Mr Xi’s alma mater, according to two individuals who had confirmed the news with Tsinghua staff. As news of his situation spread on Chinese social media on Monday, a number of liberal media outlets reposted Mr Xu’s writing.






China: Trial of Rights Lawyer Li Yuhan April 9th

March 25, 2019

#TrialAlert Hearing in lawyer Li Yuhan “picking quarrels” case scheduled for 4/9 in Shenyang. Li is Wang Yu’s former lawyer & has been detained/mistreated in retaliation. UN called on China to release & compensate her in Oct 2018, but govt has refused

(Chinese Human Rights Defenders Facebook, 25/03/19)







http://www.camerepenali.it/cat/9791/avvocati_minacciati_in_cina.html?fbclid=IwAR2Q4TDJJ-ob__0cVezgFf6cQGL_9J_GodGkz5Y3vRAm0FvnCYFPrlyI5f0 (ITALIANO)


China: Wife of Tortured Chinese Rights Lawyer Calls For Him to Leave China

March 11, 2019

Jiang Tianyong, a human rights lawyer in China, is shown in an undated photo.

The wife of prominent Chinese rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong has called on the government to allow him to travel overseas to seek medical treatment following the end of his jail term last week.

Authorities in the central province of Henan allowed Jiang, 48, to return to his parents’ home three days after his release at the end of a two-year jail term for “incitement to subvert state power.”

But his U.S.-based wife Jin Bianling said she is concerned for his health after he was tortured by cellmates in a bid to get him to “confess” to the charges against him.

“I would like to have Jiang Tianyong come to the U.S. to seek medical treatment,” Jin said. “I hope that international rights organizations will carry on … calling for freedom for Jiang Tianyong and the other human rights lawyers.”

She said her husband has shown signs of ill-health since his return to his parental home, where he remains under close surveillance by state security police.

“I asked Jiang Tianyong why he always has tears in his eyes, and he told me he didn’t know, and that perhaps it was to do with the fact that he hadn’t been allowed outside in a very long time,” Jin told RFA. “He told me he couldn’t sit up straight, but could only sit sideways or lie down.”



















https://www.thestandnews.com/china/%E9%97%9C%E6%B3%A8%E6%B1%9F%E5%A4%A9%E5%8B%87%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8%E7%8D%B2%E9%87%8B%E8%81%AF%E7%BD%B2%E8%81%B2%E6%98%8E/ (CHINESE)

https://www.voachinese.com/a/china-rights-attorney-jiang-tianyong-set-free-20190302/4810544.html (CHINESE)

https://thestandnews.com/china/%E9%A6%99%E6%B8%AF%E5%A4%A7%E5%BE%8B%E5%B8%AB%E5%85%AC%E6%9C%83%E5%B0%B1%E7%8E%8B%E5%85%A8%E7%92%8B%E4%B8%80%E6%A1%88%E4%B9%8B%E8%81%B2%E6%98%8E/?fbclid=IwAR01tygHUWT-oX9tV9MNnn5yua8Ml-fI2vklLiTIjRuj6vBDtxCgC7iutBI (CHINESE)

http://www.rfi.fr/asie-pacifique/20190228-chine-avocat-droits-homme-disparait-apres-liberation (FRANCAIS)

https://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2019/03/22/chine-macron-devrait-faire-pression-sur-xi-quant-aux-violations-des-droits?fbclid=IwAR1zNT20NxhGH5XmJflhnli9uvii6dNgzmMUVDSWN6RncRUvT3rbC18rx84 (FRANCAIS)

China: Disappearing textbook highlights debate in China over academic freedom

February 1, 2019

A constitutional law textbook written by one China’s best-known reform-minded legal scholars has been pulled from book shops, apparently the latest text to run afoul of a government campaign against “Western influence”.

The author, Zhang Qianfan, a professor at Peking University known for his advocacy of constitutionalism and judicial reform, dismissed any suggestion his writing excessively promoted Western ideas as “utter nonsense”, and said the academic world should not be politicized.

Since taking office in 2012, President Xi Jinping has tightened the Communist Party’s control over society including the legal system and education.

While authorities have not confirmed they ordered the book withdrawn, and no reason for its disappearance has been given, it comes after the government launched a sweeping review of teaching materials.

The Ministry of Education in early January launched a nationwide check on the content of all university constitutional law textbooks, according to posts on the Jiangxi and Zhejiang province Education Ministry websites.






China: China’s attack on human rights and the rule of law continues

January 31, 2019

ON JULY 9, 2015, China launched its war on lawyers. Over the course of a few weeks, some 300 lawyers, legal assistants and other advocates for the rule of law were rounded up. One of the most prominent, Wang Quanzhang, disappeared into secret detention on Aug. 3, 2015; after being held incommunicado for nearly 3½ years, he was the last to go on trial. On Monday, he was sentenced to 4½ years in prison on charges of subversion, putting a punctuation mark on one of the principal means of repression used by President Xi Jinping to consolidate power.

Since taking office six years ago, Mr. Xi has employed corruption investigations to purge rivals in the Communist Party; stepped up censorship of social media; and conducted a massive campaign against Muslims in the Xinjiang region, hundreds of thousands of whom have been confined to concentration camps and forced to undergo “reeducation.” Meanwhile, he has sought to stifle dissent by targeting the lawyers who defend human rights activists and religious believers or bring cases against local authorities for corruption.

Most of the lawyers and activists detained in what became known (for its July 9 date) as the 709 campaign were held for a few weeks; a number were later stripped of their licenses or driven out of business. But at least four besides Mr. Wang have been sentenced to prison. In August 2016, lawyer Zhou Shifeng and activist Hu Shigen were given terms of seven and 7½ years, respectively; in November 2017, lawyer Jiang Tianyong was sentenced to two years. The next month, human rights activist Wu Gan was handed an eight-year term.

Mr. Wang’s trial may have come last because of his refusal to buckle under pressure — including, according to his wife, physical torture. While some lawyers signed confessions or publicly confessed to plotting against the government, Mr. Wang resisted to the end. When his closed trial was held on Dec. 26, he threw a wrench into the proceedings by firing his government-appointed lawyer.

His wife, Li Wenzu, bravely advocated on his behalf, speaking out about his treatment and shaving her head in protest of judges’ refusal to uphold Mr. Wang’s rights under Chinese law.







https://www.actuall.com/criterio/democracia/a-prision-por-defender-los-derechos-humanos/ (ESPANOL)

http://lepersoneeladignita.corriere.it/2019/01/31/cina-la-settimana-dei-processi-al-dissenso/ (ITALIANO)

China: HRIC among 40 NGOs Worldwide Urging UN Resolution on China’s Rights Abuses

January 30, 2019

In an open letter sent to heads of government missions to the UN in Geneva, Human Rights in China joins 39 other NGOs to press for a UN resolution to address the deteriorating human rights situation in China.

The NGOs call for governments to use the upcoming session of the Human Rights Council (February 25-March 22, 2019) as an opportunity to push with “one voice”: for accountability for the steeply worsening rights abuses in China which have been gaining increasing international attention.

Two reviews of China’s rights practices at the UN last year, in particular—by the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), and China’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR)—highlighted deeply concerning developments, including the mass internment of Uyghur and other ethnic Muslims in so-called “vocational retraining camps,” in gross violation of religious and cultural rights; the broadening control over information and expression especially online in the name of cybersecurity; the continued persecution of human rights lawyers and defenders; and the erosion of fundamental freedoms in Hong Kong, in violation of the “one country, two systems” principle.

Reaching beyond its borders, China has also been waging a sustained challenge to the existing international human rights framework, which is based on the principle of the universality of human rights.











China: Statement: Demanding an Acquittal of lawyer Wang Quanzhang

January 29, 2019

Image may contain: 1 person, smiling, text

(English version below)








[控罪薄弱 判決違反憲法所保障的權利]



[欠缺法理的長期秘密覊押 疑遭酷刑對待]





1. 撤銷有罪判決,改判王全璋無罪並立即予以釋放;
2. 就王全璋所受到的權利侵害提供相應且合適的賠償;
3. 追究「709案」中所有執法人員違法違規行為的法律責任;
4. 停止針對李文足及其兒子的任何形式的打壓。


1. 中國維權律師關注組[China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group]
2. 臺灣聲援中國人權律師網絡[Taiwan Support China Human Rights Lawyers Network]

3. 墨西哥律師協會[Barra Mexicana, Colegio de Abogados (Mexican Bar Association)]
4. 公民黨[Civic Party]
5. 社區前進[Community March]
6. 香港眾志[Demosisto]
7. 香港市民支援愛國民主運動聯合會[Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China]
8. 香港職工會聯盟[Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions]
9. Human Rights Now
10. International Observatory for Lawyers in Danger
11. 香港天主教正義和平委員會[Justice and Peace Commission of HK Catholic Diocese]
12. 工黨[Labour Party HK]
13. 法夢[Law Lay Dream]
14. 律師助律師基金會[Lawyers For Lawyers]
15. 加拿大律師權利觀察[Lawyers’ Rights Watch Canada]
16. 社會民主連線[League of Social Democrats]
17. 左翼廿一[Left 21]
18. 區諾軒立法會議員辦事處[LegCo Office of Au Nok-hin]
19. 郭家麒立法會議員辦事處[LegCo Office of Kwok Ka-ki]
20. 朱凱廸立法會議員辦事處[LegCo Office of Chu Hoi Dick]
21. 萊特納國際法暨正義中心[Leitner Center for International Law and Justice]
22. 國際人民律師協會[International Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL)]
23. 國際人民律師協會監督委員會[Monitoring Committee on Attacks on Lawyers, International Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL)]
24. 華人民主書院[New School for Democracy]
25. 日內瓦律師協會[Ordre des Avocats De Geneve (Geneva Bar Association)]
26. 法政匯思[Progressive Lawyers Group]
27. 英格蘭和威爾士律師協會人權委員會[The Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales]
28. 聲援中國律師委員會[The Committee to Support Chinese Lawyers]
29. 民主黨[The Democratic Party]
30. 愛德爾斯塔姆基金會[The Edelstam Foundation]
31. 勞工組[Worker Com]

*聯署名單截至2019年1 月29日17:30,並會持續更新


【Statement: Demanding an Acquittal of lawyer Wang Quanzhang】

On 28 January 2019, the Tianjin Municipal No.2 Intermediate People’s Court (the Court) gave its verdict on a prominent human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang. Wang was found guilty of “subversion of state power” and sentenced to 4 years and 6 months in prison and 5-year deprivation of political rights. We strongly condemn the conviction and sentence on lawyer Wang Quanzhang by the Court.

Before his arrest, lawyer Wang practiced law at Fengrui Law Firm in Beijing. He has a history of taking on sensitive human rights cases including the cases of Falun Gong and land rights. Since he was taken away by the police on 3 August 2015, he has been denied the access to his family and family-appointed defense lawyers. He has been detained incommunicado, during which he was reportedly tortured and suffered ill-treatment. In January 2016, Wang was accused of “subversion of state power” and his case was subsequently tried on 26 December 2018. Claiming that “due to the state secrets involved in this case”, the Court decided not to hold an open trial for the case.

We maintain that the Chinese government, having imposed a pro-longed incommunicado detention on lawyer Wang, has seriously infringed human rights, domestic law and international treaties including “Constitution of the People’s Republic of China” (the Chinese Constitution), “Criminal Procedure Law of the People’s Republic of China” (the Criminal Procedure Law), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), etc.

[The Secret Trial Lacks Fairness]
We are highly skeptical about the grounds of holding Wang’s trial in secret by the Court. The Chinese Constitution stipulates that all trials should be conducted in accordance with the principle of open trial and thus shall be open to the public, except the cases involve state secrets, protection of minors or matters of privacy. Despite the fact that a court is entitled to conduct a closed trial when cases involve state secrets under the Criminal Procedure Law, the abusive use of the broad and imprecise definition of state secrecy against rights defenders in China has long and often been criticized both in and out of the country, and Wang’s case is no exception.

According to “the Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information” (hereafter “the Johannesburg Principles”), no restriction to the right to open trial should be allowed unless and until evidence is legally sufficient to prove actual harm to a legitimate national security interest, i.e., a country’s existence or its territorial integrity.

Even if it is proved necessary to impose restriction on the right to open trial, the restriction shall only be made “to the extent strictly necessary for the purposes of considering evidence that has been classified as a secret.” The prosecutors have not yet offered legally sufficient evidence to justify the necessity of restricting Wang’s right to open trial. Serious concerns should be raised that the closed trial in this case, without a legal ground, violates the principle of right to open trial set out in the Chinese Constitution.

[Disregarding the Right to legal counsel]

The family-appointed lawyers, Cheng Hai and Lin Qilei, have been disallowed to meet Wang. Nonetheless, the authorities unilaterally appointed Liu Weiguo as Wang’s defense lawyer, disregarding Wang’s right to legal assistance of his or his family’s free choosing .

Articles 7 and 8 of “Provisions on Legally Protecting Lawyers’ Practicing Rights”, which was revised in 2018, clearly stipulate that a defense lawyer shall have the right to meet a defendant. In case where a defendant intends to dismiss the counsels, the defense lawyers can request to meet the client in person as to confirm the termination.

[Weak Evidence against the Rights Enshrined by the Chinese Constitution]

According to the indictment submitted to the Court by the Chinese authorities, the accusations include Wang providing investigative reports on China’s human rights situation to overseas organizations, initiating protests and demonstrations in Jiansanjiang in 2013, and slandering the Chinese government while taking on a so-called “cult” case, claiming the behaviors listed above were sufficient to constitute “subversion of state power.”

We are obliged to point out that the aforementioned accusations undoubtedly are inconsistent with the international standard of “endangering national security”, which fails to respect Wang’s right to demonstration and freedom of speech.

As stated in “the Johannesburg Principles”, the Chinese authorities shall not impose restrictions nor punishment on Wang in the name of “national security” simply due to his exercise of the freedom of expression, amongst others, delivering critical speeches against the government unless and until the evidence is legally sufficient to prove Wang’s behaviors and speeches incited immediate violence for the purpose of subverting state power.

Every Chinese citizen is entitled to two fundamental rights – freedom of speech and freedom of assembly according to the Chinese Constitution. Lawyer Wang, who was accused of “subversion of state power” for his participation in human rights activities, had simply exercised the two legitimate rights he should be entitled to. Therefore, the conviction of Wang is obviously unconvincing as it seriously breaches the Chinese Constitution.

[Prolonged Detention Incommunicado without Legal Basis; Suspected Torture and Ill-treatment]

Wang Quanzhang was detained by the Chinese government for more than 1,200 days before the trial. During the entire detention period, the authorities did not provide a proper account of Wang’s prolonged detention to the public, including Wang’s family and family-appointed defense lawyers. As stipulated in the Criminal Procedure Law, despite the right of the court to extend the detention period upon the approval of the Supreme People’s Court, all courts are obliged to protect a defendant’s right to be free from arbitrary detention which is guaranteed by the Chinese Constitution. Serious concerns are raised over the independence and impartiality of the Court for incessant extension of Wang’s obviously unreasonable detention of more than 1200 days. In addition, Wang’s family and family-appointed defense lawyers had no way to authenticate if Wang had suffered torture or inhumane treatment during the whole procedure.

We express grave concern over lawyer Wang’s personal safety and health condition. We also note that lawyer Wang was forced to take medication for high blood pressure during the detention despite the fact that lawyer Wang had no previous history of chronic illnesses before his disappearance. Considering that some victims of 709 Crackdown was also force-fed medication which led to poor health condition afterwards, we are worried that lawyer Wang might face similar treatment or suffer torture of various levels.

[Constant Harassment and Surveillance on Wang’s Family Members]

Li Wenzu, the wife of Wang Quanzhang, has been relentlessly and perpetually fighting for her husband’s rights in the past three years. She has protested at the Supreme People’s Court for more than 30 times.

The recent head-shaving protest – “We can go bald, but the country cannot be lawless” (我可以无发,你不能无法) – has successfully drawn the international attention. On the one hand, the count has refused to respond to her requests; on the other hand, Li has been placed under constant surveillance and harassment of public security officers. Their child’s right to education was once deprived. It is despicable that the authorities have imposed such restrictions upon human rights lawyers’ family members.

Over the past three years, a number of human rights organizations, lawyers’ associations and even foreign governments all over the world have repeatedly released open letters and statements to call on the Chinese authorities to strictly abide by international human rights treaties, the Chinese Constitution and laws as to protect the fundamental rights of lawyer Wang Quanzhang.

However, not only has the Chinese authorities shown its arrogance and turned a deaf ear to all demands and appeals, but also ultimately imposed severe punishment on the well-known lawyer Wang Quanzhang. These maneuvers have revealed that “the rule of law” in China is just a veneer to deceive the world, while the Chinese authorities hardly has any intention to conform to international treaties as well as the Chinese Constitution and laws. After all, political power has triumphed over law and human rights in China.

We are deeply enraged at this verdict. We reiterate that no verdicts of guilty in Wang’s case shall be accepted in the absence of a fair and open trial, not to mention the 4-year-and-6-month imprisonment. The conviction and sentence on Wang did not go through a just legal procedure, and therefore are unjust in itself. In view of this, we strongly demand the Tianjin Municipal No.2 Intermediate People’s Court to:

1. Repeal the guilty verdict; acquit and Release Wang Quanzhang immediately;
2. Offer corresponding and appropriate compensation for the rights violations against lawyer Wang;
3. Investigate and hold all law enforcers accountable for committing the irregularities and violations of the criminal procedure during 709 Crackdown;
4. Stop any form of suppression against Li Wenzu and their child.

28th January 2019

Initiators: (In Alphabetical Order)
1. China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group[中國維權律師關注組]
2. Taiwan Support China Human Rights Lawyers Network[臺灣聲援中國人權律師網絡]

3. Barra Mexicana, Colegio de Abogados (Mexican Bar Association) [墨西哥律師協會]
4. Civic Party[公民黨]
5. Community March[社區前進]
6. Demosisto[香港眾志]
7. Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China[香港市民支援愛國民主運動聯合會]
8. Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions[香港職工會聯盟]
9. Human Rights Now
10. International Observatory for Lawyers in Danger
11. Justice and Peace Commission of HK Catholic Diocese[香港天主教正義和平委員會]
12. Labour Party HK[工黨]
13. Law Lay Dream[法夢]
14. Lawyers For Lawyers[律師助律師基金會]
15. Lawyers’ Rights Watch Canada[加拿大律師權利觀察]
16. League of Social Democrats[社會民主連線]
17. Left 21[左翼廿一]
18. LegCo Office of Au Nok-hin[區諾軒立法會議員辦事處]
19. LegCo Office of Kwok Ka-ki[郭家麒立法會議員辦事處]
20. LegCo Office of Chu Hoi Dick[朱凱廸立法會議員辦事處]
21. Leitner Center for International Law and Justice[萊特納國際法暨正義中心]
22. International Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL) [國際人民律師協會]
23. Monitoring Committee on Attacks on Lawyers, International Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL)[國際人民律師協會監督委員會]
24. New School for Democracy[華人民主書院]
25. Ordre des Avocats De Geneve (Geneva Bar Association)[日內瓦律師協會]
26. Progressive Lawyers Group[法政匯思]
27. The Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales [英格蘭和威爾士律師協會人權委員會]
28. The Committee to Support Chinese Lawyers[聲援中國律師委員會]
29. The Democratic Party[民主黨]
30. The Edelstam Foundation[愛德爾斯塔姆基金會]
31. Worker Com[勞工組]

*Updated as of January 29 2019 at 17:30. The list will be continuously updated.

(China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group / 中國維權律師關注組 Facebook, 29/01/19)







https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/dossiers-pays/chine/evenements/article/chine-condamnations-de-wang-quanzhang-et-de-liu-feiyue-28-29-01-19 (FRANCAIS)

https://www.nacion.com/el-mundo/politica/abogado-chino-especializado-en-derechos-humanos-es/KHOWMUTHQBBGVD5YIFPPJDJ46E/story/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/china-kritik-an-haftstrafe-fuer-wang-quanzhang.1939.de.html?drn:news_id=971386 (DEUTSCH)

http://ildubbio.news/ildubbio/2019/01/29/condanna-farsa-per-wang-quanzhang-lavvocato-dei-diritti/ (ITALIANO)