Tag Archives: Germany

Afghan lawyers and judges in danger


Today, January 24, marks the Day of the Endangered Lawyer. As a Canadian lawyer I want to draw attention to the challenges facing some members of the legal profession in Afghanistan. Since the Taliban government assumed power in the country more than a year ago, the risk of retaliation and danger have only increased for many lawyers and judges, particularly women, advocates say.

For Nasrin (whose name has been changed to protect her identity), leaving Afghanistan was the last resort.

She had spent decades developing pioneering legislation and policies as a judge and legal advocate. When the Taliban took over in August 2021, everything changed. Facing death threats, she ultimately left. “I didn’t have any choice,” she told me. “I left my country, my house.” Now she and other legal activists are warning about the ever-increasing risks that lawyers and judges in the country still face and the need for countries like Canada to step up their efforts to help at-risk Afghans.

“If a woman wants to be a leader, like head of a court … it’s a very big position, but it is very dangerous,” Nasrin says.

Judges like Nasrin, as well as prosecutors, have been threatened with reprisals from the people they tried and the Taliban themselves. She is in contact with colleagues in the legal profession who remain in Afghanistan, and says the situation is worse than a year ago, as lawyers and judges fear for their safety.

“The first line is judges, the second line is defence lawyers and prosecutors … they are searching to find them,” she says.

The development of the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (AIBA) in 2008 was part of a broader effort to build a non-governmental body that would regulate the legal profession and provide resources to support lawyers and access to legal services. But in November 2021, it was dismantled by armed Taliban soldiers and the Ministry of Justice gained possession of the AIBA’s database, containing contact information of members. The organization is now relaunching itself in exile, from Brussels.




International Day Of The Endangered Lawyer: “We Strongly And Unequivocally Condemn The Repressive Tendencies Of The Taliban Government In Afghanistan Towards Lawyers”- Maikyau


https://charidy.com/AfghanWomen (PLEASE CONTRIBUTE!)









https://www.darivoa.com/amp/lawyers-in-Afghanistan-face-threats/6933046.html (DARI)

https://www.pashtovoa.com/a/us-special-envoy-for-afghan-women-says-will-stand-with-afghan-lawyers/6933080.html (PASHTO)

https://www.lextimes.fr/actualites/avocats-en-danger/treizieme-edition-consacree-lafghanistan (FRANCAIS)




Afghanistan: DAY OF THE ENDANGERED LAWYER – 24 January 2023


The FBE supports all those in danger in Afghanistan.  Since the capture of Kabul by the Taliban in 2021, the situation of lawyers, judges, and prosecutors in Afghanistan has worsened. Many were left stranded when Government evacuation efforts ended. The international  legal community campaigns to persuade governments to rescue legal professionals at risk. However, most governments evacuated their own nationals and those who had been employed by the respective Government or related bodies. Most Afghan legal professionals did not fall into either category, even though they had served those Governments’ interests by upholding the rule of law in their country. Many were actively involved in the prosecution of members of the Taliban and  are in great danger. The international legal community must act now to persuade more assistance to evacuate lawyers, prosecutors, judges and legal professionals at risk and to offer safe havens in their respective countries.

The FBE endorses the report of the Coalition for the Day of the Endangered Lawyer and urges all to implement recommendations in particular:

  • The international community, in their diplomatic efforts toward the de facto authorities in Afghanistan, are urged to ensure the maintenance of a free and independent legal profession, in order to safeguard fundamental rights, including women’s rights, the independence and integrity of the administration of justice, and the rule of law.
  • The international community is urged to take all necessary measures to ensure that the lawyers at risk who remain in Afghanistan can safely leave the country. In particular:
  • To immediately implement evacuation and resettlement programmes for Afghan lawyers remaining in Afghanistan or located in neighboring countries.
  • To ensure respect for the principle of non-refoulement at all times.
  • To make humanitarian visas available to enable Afghan lawyers in need to access international protection legally and safely.
  • To ensure that all States suspend deportations and summary returns of Afghan nationals to Afghanistan or third states.
  •  To ensure that all States thoroughly investigate allegations of ill-treatment of Afghan nationals, especially in the States’ border regions and in removal centers in their territories.







https://2k86.mj.am/nl3/9MUI9jpjAKJgvmFwBU6sEA (FRANCAIS)

London: a Human Rights Solidarity and Arrested Lawyers Initiative action

Brussels (Facebook, CCBE – Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe )

Peine de mort en Iran : le barreau de Paris se mobilise


Samedi 17 décembre, le barreau de Paris participera au rassemblement organisé par « Ensemble contre la peine de mort », aux côtés de tous les avocats parisiens en robe, en faveur de l’arrêt des exécutions en Iran, Place de la Bastille, à 15h.

Le Barreau de Paris, l’Union Internationale des avocats, la Fédération Nationale des Unions de Jeunes Avocats, Ace-Avocats, ensemble, le Syndicat des Avocats de France et Femmes et Droit se joignent au rassemblement organisé par « Ensemble contre la peine de mort » et les collectifs « Iran Justice », « Femme Azadi », « Avocats ZZA », « Azadi4iran », «Actions for Iran», «Neda d’Iran», « Soutien à la lutte du peuple iranien », avec le soutien logistique de l’association Homa, le samedi 17 décembre à 15h, Place de la Bastille. Ils manifesteront en robe, afin de demander l’arrêt immédiat des exécutions perpétrées par le régime iranien.

En l’espèce, depuis le 8 décembre, par deux fois, des manifestants ont été exécutés en Iran à la suite de procès expéditifs et inéquitables.

Le barreau de Paris craint que le rythme des exécutions s’accélère et a appelé à se mobiliser pour que la peine de mort ne soit pas utilisée comme une arme de répression à l’encontre de celles et ceux qui demandent la fin des lois et politiques discriminatoires en Iran au travers d’une résolution. Cette résolution portée par le barreau de Paris et le Conseil National des barreaux a d’ores et déjà été signée par 17 barreaux. Le barreau de Paris insiste sur la nécessité d’une action forte et coordonnée de la société civile, des gouvernements et des organisations internationales afin de dissuader la République islamique d’exécuter des manifestants.




https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/dec/16/european-mps-seek-to-publicise-plight-of-jailed-iranian-protesters (ENGLISH)

Click to access EN_HRL_20221213_Iran_Threats-against-Mahsa-Amini-s-family-lawyers-and-continuing-arrest-of-lawyers.pdf







Iran Arrests Prominent Iranian Lawyer Kamfiroozi


Iranian authorities have arrested well-known lawyer Mohammad Ali Kamfiroozi, IranWire reports.

Kamfiroozi was arrested on a Tehran street before his house was searched by security agents.

The lawyer has been defending several protesters who are being prosecuted over their involvement in nationwide protests that erupted after the September death of a young woman in the custody of morality police.








Iran/Afghanistan: Des avocats belges se réunissent pour dénoncer la situation de l’accueil des réfugiés en Belgique


Les barreaux de Bruxelles, Charleroi, Dinant, Liège-Huy, Luxembourg, Mons, Namur, Tournai et Verviers ont manifesté devant le palais de justice de Bruxelles, lundi, dans le cadre de la journée des droits humains du 10 décembre.

Les avocats ont décidé de se rassembler pour soutenir les avocats iraniens et afghans ainsi que pour dénoncer la situation de l’accueil des réfugiés en Belgique, en particulier ceux originaires de ces deux pays.

Nous sommes face à une situation complètement inédite en droit belge. Nous avons des milliers de personnes qui viennent demander une protection internationale. Nous avons l’obligation de les accueillir et nous ne le faisons pas.” a affirmé le président de l’ONG Avocats sans frontières, Me Patrick Henry.


Les avocats se sont d’abord rassemblés à 12h00 à l’entrée du palais de justice de Bruxelles, où le bâtonnier de l’Ordre français du barreau de Bruxelles, Me Emmanuel Plasschaert et la bâtonnière du barreau de Charleroi, Me Nathalie Monforti se sont exprimés devant un rassemblement d’une centaine de personnes. L’accent était porté sur la situation des avocats, persécutés par les pouvoirs en place en Afghanistan et en Iran.

Les différents barreaux présents à la manifestation ont fait le choix de soutenir les ressortissants afghans, dont ils estiment que la situation ne fait que s’aggraver notamment depuis que les talibans ont repris le pouvoir en août 2021. Et également les ressortissants iraniens, dont ils estiment que les droits humains et libertés fondamentales sont bafoués. “Nous ne l’accepterons jamais et serons toujours du côté des oppressés” a affirmé Me Emmanuel Palschaaerts.

37 avocats emprisonnés en Iran

Me Nathalie Monforti a par la suite mentionné les noms de 37 avocats emprisonnés en Iran “simplement pour avoir exercé leur métier“.










https://www.hrw.org/news/2022/12/13/iran-death-sentences-against-protesters (ENGLISH)










https://iranhr.net/fa/articles/5631/ (FARSI)


German man sentenced to prison for sending dozens of threats


A German man was sentenced Thursday to nearly six years in prison for sending threatening letters to politicians, lawyers and journalists signed with the acronym of a neo-Nazi group.

A court in Frankfurt found the 54-year-old man guilty on a range of charges including inciting crime, inciting hatred, disturbing the peace, issuing threats, and assaulting a law enforcement officer, according to the news agency dpa.

The man, who was identified only as Alexander M. in keeping with German privacy rules, received five years and 10 months in prison, dpa reported.

Starting in 2018, Alexander M. sent dozens of letters via email, fax and SMS message to individuals across Germany and Austria. The letters were signed “NSU 2.0,” using an acronym for a neo-Nazi group called the National Socialist Underground.

The NSU was responsible for a string of violent crimes between 1998 and 2011, including the racially motivated killings of nine men with immigrant backgrounds and a police officer. Its name was derived from the full name of the Nazi, or National Socialist, party.

Among those who received the letters were Frankfurt-based human rights lawyer Seda Basay-Yildiz, entertainer Jan Boehmermann, television moderator Maybrit Illner and cabaret artist Idil Baydar.

Alexander M. denied sending the letters at the trial, dpa reported. He said they were on his computer because of his membership in a chat group on the dark web.





https://www.op-marburg.de/hessen/anwaeltin-rueckhaltlose-aufklaerung-zu-nsu-weiter-notwendig-4UUJ2GKJ662UPMINBD7DE3635U.html (DEUTSCH)





https://news.dayfr.com/nouvelles/1330260.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.swissinfo.ch/spa/alemania-ultraderecha_condenado-a-casi-seis-a%C3%B1os-un-ultraderechista-alem%C3%A1n-que-amenaz%C3%B3-a-pol%C3%ADticos/48065606 (ESPANOL)

Egypt: Two lawyers arrested as world leaders convene for Cop27 summit 


Egyptian security forces arrested two lawyers from their homes in Cairo and Giza, a rights group said on Tuesday, as world leaders convened in Sharm el-Sheikh to discuss climate change at the Cop27 conference. 

The home of Ahmad Natheer al-Helo in the capital Cairo was raided by police on Monday, before he was taken away to an unknown location, according to the Egyptian Network for Human Rights (ENHR). The reasons for his arrest were not made clear. 

A day earlier, the home of another lawyer named Ahmad Ghurab was raided in the neighbouring Giza governorate. Ghurab was asked about the whereabouts of his son, who was not home at the time, before being detained, ENHR said. 

Ahmed Attar, executive director of ENHR, told Middle East Eye the arrests come amid a “fierce crackdown campaign” by the government in recent weeks. 

“Up to 1,000 people have been detained, most of them young people, in a campaign that targeted journalists, lawyers and other citizens in fear of possible protests on 11 November,” Attar said. 

‘Up to 1,000 people have been detained, most of them young people, in a campaign that targeted journalists, lawyers and other citizens in fear of possible protests on 11 November’ 

– Ahmed Attar, ENHR

Egyptian authorities have increased security across the country ahead of hosting the Cop27 summit in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh between 6 and 18 November.











https://www.hrw.org/ar/news/2022/11/06/egypt-arrests-curbs-protests-cop27-nears (ARABIC)

https://fr.timesofisrael.com/cop27-berlin-critique-la-situation-des-droits-de-lhomme-en-egypte/ (FRANCAIS)


https://jernih.co/crispy/seiring-gelar-ktt-cop27-mesir-penjarakan-aktivis-dan-pengacara/ (INDONESIAN)

Iran: Mostafa Nili another rights lawyer arrested






https://www.hra-news.org/2022/hranews/a-37720/ (FARSI)



USA: “I’m safe now.” Afghan lawyer, who defended women, reunited with family in Texas


As a human rights lawyer, Latifa Sharifi helped countless women and children in Afghanistan. But when the U.S. military withdrew from the country, she was no longer safe.

She and her three children spent more than a year hiding, first in Afghanistan and then in a safe house in Europe. Behind the scenes, lawyers, human rights advocates and others spent months helping to keep her safe and get her to the U.S. — they succeeded.

On Tuesday, Sharifi and her three sons walked out of the international terminal at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Smiling and crying, she hugged her sister and her sister’s family, who were waiting for her. The family was able to enter the U.S. after securing humanitarian parole visas.

“I feel I’m safe now and I’m free now, and I want this freedom and this safety for all of the Afghan woman, that they also be like me, safe in our country,” Sharifi told reporters inside the terminal.

The 45-year-old said one of the first things she looked forward to doing was eat dinner with her sister and brother-in-law and their children.

Sharifi and her children tried leaving Afghanistan in August of last year when U.S. troops began pulling out of the country. But she was turned away at the airport, and her youngest son was nearly trampled as people rushed to try get on a plane.

Younger sister, Atefa, who’s 37, cried as she described overwhelming feelings of relief and joy.

“I think my tears explain everything,” 37-year-old Atefa Sharifi said. “It means [the] world to me that she’s here. I’m feeling so happy and so blessed that I’m thinking I cannot ask God anything more.”

Atefa Sharifi said her older sister has been through a lot. When the Taliban took control of Kabul, they began releasing prisoners. Sharifi feared for her life — she had helped many women in abusive marriages file for divorce and now some of the men in those relationships were free.











Over 680 Law Professors, Activists Urge UN Action Over Iran Protests


A group of over 680 lawyers and senior law professors as well as activists from more than 20 countries urged immediate UN action to stop the violent suppression of Iran’s protesters. 

In a letter to the United Nations Secretary General António Guterres on Sunday, they called for measures to end widespread human rights violation by the Islamic Republic’s authorities, asking the body to urgently form an independent committee and call for a special session of the UN Human Rights Council to create a UN investigative and accountability mechanism on Iran government and religious authorities.

In addition to prominent activists, the signatories are law professionals, academicians, and attorneys from countries including Iran, Netherlands, Canada, US, UK, Israel, France, Denmark, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, and Australia. 

They said their letter is also aimed at raising awareness and sensitizing law professionals across the globe about what is going on in Iran, urging them to break their silence.

The law professionals also asked the UN to document human rights violation cases committed by the Islamic regime of Iran during the past few weeks, since the current wave of antigovernment protests started following the death in custody of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini. “Documentation is very important because it helps us identify patterns of violations and demand accountability of the perpetrators for systematic and premeditated abuses against peaceful protests.”






https://www.lyonmag.com/article/126486/iran-les-avocats-de-lyon-se-mobilisent-ce-lundi (FRANCAIS)





https://live.comune.venezia.it/node/52134 (ITALIANO)