Tag Archives: Prix Ludovic Trarieux

USA/Afghanistan: After fleeing Kabul, Afghan lawyers seek new life — and legal careers — in California

26/09/22

Masooda Qazi held her 8-year-old son’s hand tightly as she frantically tried to convey to a group of Dutch soldiers that she was an employee of the U.S. Embassy and was promised transport out of Kabul as it fell to the Taliban last year.

The crowd around Qazi was full of people similarly desperate to escape, and it was growing agitated. People pushed forward outside a security gate near the airport, erasing any space to move. Her son Habib began to panic.

“I can’t breathe anymore,” he said to his father, Hamid ul Rahman Qazi, who had been holding the couple’s younger son — Hasib, 4 — above the crowd on his shoulders for hours.

“We need to go back,” Hamid told his wife.

“No. Stay,” she said. “We will get success.”

More than a year later, the young family has resettled in the U.S. after escaping Afghanistan on a Dutch military plane, then waiting in a Dutch refugee camp for 10 months before finally receiving special U.S. immigrant visas.

They arrived in San Diego in June, Masooda had a baby girl in July, and they moved into their own apartment in August with the help of a refugee assistance program.

After so much turmoil and trauma, the young couple — who were successful lawyers in Afghanistan — said they finally feel safe.

But their quest for success isn’t over.

With help from others in the legal field in California — including judges, lawyers, law clerks and law professors — they hope to find their way back into their profession, which not only brought them together in Kabul but also provided them work they loved and a happy life before it all collapsed.

In that way, they are not alone.

More than 85,000 Afghan nationals have journeyed to the U.S. since the fall of Kabul, many through similar airport evacuations that same harrowing week in August 2021 — an effort the Biden administration dubbed Operation Allies Welcome. Many fled not only their country, homes, friends and loved ones, but also their established careers.

Those who have arrived on special immigrant visas such as the Qazis were largely admitted on the basis that they or one of their immediate family members “took significant risks to support [U.S.] military and civilian personnel in Afghanistan,” according to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Many had held coveted positions in government agencies and international nonprofits. And some, like the Qazis, were deeply involved in building the former Afghan government’s legal and judicial systems. They fought to ensure the rule of law in court, worked as or helped train prosecutors and judges, and drafted legislation to root out corruption and better protect the rights of women.

Now in the U.S., those same professionals desperately need and want jobs, with some resettlement programs providing housing for only a few months. But the hurdles to reentering their old fields are substantial. Beyond the challenges of working in a new language, those in professions that require advanced degrees or other qualifications — such as lawyers — face even greater barriers.

Masooda and Hamid said they understand all that, but they are not deterred. After all, they had fought their way to the top of their field once before in Kabul, they told The Times in a recent interview, where barriers — especially for a woman — were also imposing.

“Always Masooda is saying, ‘We can do it again,’” Hamid said. “And I’m sure we can.”

[…]

https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2022-09-26/after-fleeing-kabul-afghan-attorneys-seek-new-legal-careers-in-california

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/politics/article-afghans-stranded-and-running-out-of-money-in-pakistan-plead-for-ottawa/

https://www.facebook.com/watch/?ref=saved&v=1050805305615328

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/politics/article-canadian-embassy-afghanistan-taliban/?cmpid=rss

https://www.sudouest.fr/gironde/gironde-l-avocate-afghane-freshta-karimi-laureate-du-prix-des-droits-de-l-homme-ludovic-trarieux-12366732.php (FRANCAIS)

Iran: Another rights lawyer arrested during the uprising against the régime

26/09/22

https://iranwire.com/fa/news-1/107920-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A8%DA%A9-%D9%BE%D8%A7%DA%A9%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%A7-%D9%88%DA%A9%DB%8C%D9%84-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AF%DA%AF%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%B1%DB%8C-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B2%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B4%D8%AA-%D8%B4%D8%AF/ (FARSI)

https://skylaw.ir/our_team/paknia/

وکیل بابک پاک نیا: مطمئن هستم رای نقض خواهد شد

وکیل امیرسالار داودی برنده جایزه بین المللی لودوویک تراریو در سال ۲۰۲۲ شد

https://www.rfi.fr/en/international-news/20220926-iran-steps-up-arrests-of-activists-journalists (ENGLISH)

https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2022/09/iran-revokes-death-penalties-handed-three-protesters

https://www.rferl.org/a/iran-activists-jailed-official-covid-response/31910424.html

https://iranwire.com/en/world/107878-iranian-lawyers-to-un-follow-your-own-rules/

https://www.lefigaro.fr/international/contestations-en-iran-aucune-indulgence-a-teheran-manifestations-a-londres-et-a-paris-20220926 (FRANCAIS)

Iran: Activist Hossein Ronaghi arrested today with his lawyers, Milad Panahipour and Hossein Jalilian

24/09/22

One of the activists from Inside Iran who have been activly speaking up against the regime over the years. https://twitter.com/HosseinRonaghi on Twitter. Many many others have been arrested but it doens’t look like the people are losing hope as previous times when the regime goes on arresting activists to scare the people.

https://imgur.com/gallery/LBczbEc

https://www.iranintl.com/en/202209247631

https://www.lemonde.fr/en/international/article/2022/09/24/repression-behind-closed-doors-in-iran-my-cousin-s-body-and-face-are-covered-in-bruises-but-she-refuses-to-talk-about-it_5998051_4.html

https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20220924-death-toll-doubles-in-harrowing-iran-protest-crackdown

https://www.i24news.tv/en/news/middle-east/iran-eastern-states/1664019796-iran-protests-over-700-arrested-in-a-single-province

Iran: The world must take action to protect women and protesters

https://www.letemps.ch/monde/iran-une-revolte-contre-fondements-republique-islamique (FRANCAIS)

https://www.tf1info.fr/international/en-direct-manifestations-en-iran-apres-mort-masha-amini-les-dernieres-informations-2233169.html

https://www.bfmtv.com/international/moyen-orient/iran/paris-des-manifestants-rassembles-pour-soutenir-la-cause-des-femmes-iraniennes_VN-202209240228.html

http://mezopotamyaajansi35.com/GUNCEL/content/view/183393 (TURKCE)

Imprisoned Iranian lawyer distinguished by European Bars

23/09/22

Amirsalar Davoudi, an imprisoned Iranian lawyer, is the winner this year of the Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize, awarded this Friday, September 23 in Bordeaux, we learned from the organization.

The Warsaw Bar is named for its part “bar of the year» by this jury made up of representatives of around ten European bar associations and lawyers’ associations.

Amirsalar Davoudi, who has acted as a lawyer for many human rights defenders before Iranian courts, and hosted a Telegram group for Iranian lawyers, was arrested at the end of 2018 for, in particular, insulting the Supreme Leader and propaganda against the ‘State. He was sentenced to a total of thirty years in prison and 111 lashes.

Released last June for irregularities, he was reincarcerated thirteen days later to serve a ten-year sentence in Evin prison in Tehran, where he is still. In 2018, the Ludovic-Trarieux prize had already gone to an Iranian lawyer, Nasrin Sotoudeh.

“Judicial Harassment”

By once again awarding the prize to an Iranian lawyer, hit by real judicial harassment and imprisoned for several years, the jury wanted to underline that the forces of democracy and human rights defenders were falling asleep in the face of the ever-renewed threat from Iran, and the fate reserved for its lawyers“, told AFP Me Bertrand Favreau, creator of the prize and president of the jury.

Amirsalar Davoudi is singled out as at least 17 people have been killed in recent days in Iran in protests sparked by the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, arrested on September 13 in Tehran for “wearing inappropriate clothingby the morality police, responsible for enforcing the dress code of the Islamic Republic. The jury also awarded the prize for the bar of the year to that of Warsaw “for his defense of the independence of magistrates while the Polish government puts them under the yoke“.

[…]

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/fr/profile/amirsalar-davoudi

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amirsalar_Davoudi

http://www.ludovictrarieux.org/uk-index.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludovic_Trarieux_International_Human_Rights_Prize

https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1312507/un-avocat-iranien-emprisonne-distingue-par-les-barreaux-europeens.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/droits-humains-un-avocat-iranien-emprisonne-distingue-par-les-barreaux-europeens-20220923

https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/fil-dactualites/230922/droits-humains-un-avocat-iranien-emprisonne-prime-par-ses-pairs-europeens

https://www.sudouest.fr/societe/iran-un-avocat-emprisonne-distingue-par-un-prix-international-pour-les-droits-de-l-homme-12372697.php

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prix_Ludovic-Trarieux

http://www.ludovictrarieux.org/fr-index.htm

https://www.hra-news.org/2022/hranews/a-36088/ (FARSI)

Afghanistan’s laws and legal institutions under the Taliban

06/06/22

The Taliban took over the Afghan capital Kabul in August 2021 and regained control of the entire country. The first time the Taliban ruled Afghanistan (1996-2001), they were virtually stepping into an absence of a legal and political order. However, this time the Taliban have taken over a two-decade-old political and legal order, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. What does the Taliban takeover mean for the country’s laws and legal institutions? What does it mean for the legal trajectory of Afghanistan?

Building on the ruins that the years of civil war and Taliban rule had left behind, the Republic was founded on a constitution (2004) that, by many standards, could be considered the most progressive constitution in the region. Within this progressive constitutional framework, two elected presidents and four elected parliaments enacted numerous laws. The Supreme Court, the country’s top court, was reestablished as the head of a formally independent judiciary. The Attorney General’s office was reestablished to formally introduce an element of due process in the criminal justice system. Law and political science faculties and Shari’ah faculties, two schools that would supply the justice sector personnel, started graduating people who would staff the growing justice sector. The surplus of law and Shari’ah graduates, the flow of aid to the formal justice sector, and the increase in demand (and need) for formal legal services led to the emergence of a nascent private legal market where a formally independent bar association licensed and regulated the private defence attorneys.

[…]

The Taliban have purged the judiciary from the appointees of the Republic era. In their place, the Taliban Amir has exclusively appointed individuals who bear the title of Shaykh, Mufti, and Mulavi suggesting knowledge of the prophetic tradition, qualification to issue authoritative answers on questions of Islamic law, and madrasa training, respectively. Ending the pluralism of the Afghan judiciary, these appointments have purged from the judiciary those with modern legal education and training in Afghan state legislation. While the details of the intellectual pedigree of these appointees remain unknown, every indicator suggests all these appointees are trained in Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence.

The Taliban have suspended the independent status of Afghanistan’s Independent Bar Association placing it under the control of the Ministry of Justice. The licensed defence attorneys are required to pass an oral test administered by the Ministry of Justice to keep their license.

The Taliban have shown no consideration for due process of law. Save for an acting attorney general and an acting deputy, there is little public information about the Taliban’s prosecutorial appointments, but almost all Republic era prosecutors were dismissed. The formal criminal justice system only handles a small number of cases and punishing those accused of crimes has been left to the Taliban’s fighters and local commanders. Taliban fighters have tended to punish those accused of a crime on the spot or after a brief on-site consideration. The punishment has ranged from public shaming to corporal punishment and in serious cases, death. At least in one case, according to media reports, a Talib commander in a northern province of the country ordered and oversaw the stoning of two people accused of committing adultery.

[…]

https://www.isas.nus.edu.sg/papers/remaking-of-afghanistan-how-the-taliban-are-changing-afghanistans-laws-and-legal-institutions/

IBA appeals to UN for denunciation of Taliban take-over of Afghanistan Independent Bar Association

15/12/21

In an open letter to United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, the International Bar Association (IBA) expressed grave concern over the Taliban take-over of the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (AIBA) and has appealed for the ‘unparalleled voice’ of the UN to publicly:

  • Denounce the violation of the independence of the legal profession;
  • Raise concern about the appropriation of the AIBA database, which includes details relating to AIBA registered lawyers, staff and committee members; and
  • Condemn the seizure of the AIBA bank account and forfeiture of funds.

Following a recent public announcement by the Taliban stating that it would incorporate the AIBA into its Ministry of Justice (MoJ), the IBA was informed that on 23 November 2021 the Taliban forcefully broke-up a meeting being held in the AIBA office and took control of the Association. As a consequence of this directive and meeting intrusion, the Taliban now has access to the AIBA database that contains the personnel and professional records of Afghanistan’s estimated 2,500 lawyers, as well as AIBA staffers and committee members. The Taliban now also controls the non-governmental organisation’s bank account and funds.

IBA President Sternford Moyo, Chair of the IBA Bar Issues Commission Kimitoshi Yabuki, and IBA Executive Director Dr Mark Ellis, state in the letter that the incorporation of the AIBA into the Taliban’s MoJ has ‘completely compromised the independence of the legal profession in Afghanistan’, and that ‘[t]he ramifications on the Rule of Law, the administration of justice and the further contraction of the rights of women and girls cannot be overestimated.’

The letter states that the AIBA has been stripped of the ‘authority to issue Afghanistan’s lawyers with licences to practice their profession and has demanded that all lawyers that currently hold a licence reapply to the Taliban’s MoJ’, and that ‘those who do not submit applications as directed by the Taliban will be prevented from practising’.

[…]

https://www.ibanet.org/IBA-appeals-to-UN-for-support-on-Taliban-take-over-of-AIBA

https://www.jurist.org/news/2021/12/afghanistan-dispatches-the-safety-of-afghan-judges-prosecutors-and-lawyers-particularly-women-legal-professionals-is-a-matter-for-particular-alarm/

May be an image of 1 person, sitting and text that says "PARIS, 14 décembre 2021 FRESHTA KARIMI Prix international des droits humains Ludovic-Trarieux"

Afghanistan: Afghan lawyer and women’s rights campaigner wins top prize

28/09/21

@AfghanAgencies

Freshta Karimi, 38, the founder of the Da Qanoon Ghushtonky (DQG) organisation won the Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize, awarded by jurists to their peers.

An Afghan lawyer and rights activist whose work has earned her repeated threats from the Taliban was on Tuesday named the winner of a top human rights prize in Paris.

Freshta Karimi, 38, the founder of the Da Qanoon Ghushtonky (DQG) organisation, one of the largest suppliers of legal aid in Afghanistan, won the Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize, awarded by jurists to their peers.

Her organisation works in particular on upholding the rights of woman and children in Afghanistan and she has regularly represented it abroad in recent years.

Since the Taliban seized power last month however, she has kept a lower profile, lawyer Bertrand Favreau, the founder of the prize and chairman of its jury, told AFP.

“For at least five years, she has received threats from the Taliban in all the cities where she has tried to open an office to inform women of their rights,” he said.

That had not stopped her continuing her outreach work however, travelling to even the most remote villages, he added. “Today she is one of the most threatened lawyers in the world.”

Last year, the prize was awarded to two Turkish lawyers, sisters Barkin and Ebru Timtik.

Ebru had died the previous month after a 238-day hunger strike to protest her imprisonment on terror-related accusations. Barkin is serving a lengthy sentence on similar charges.

The Ludovic Trarieux Award is an annual prize which recognises lawyers of any nationality who have sought to defend human rights, often at great risk to themselves.

[…]

https://english.alaraby.co.uk/news/afghan-lawyer-and-womens-rights-campaigner-wins-top-prize

https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/896120-afghan-lawyer-women-s-rights-campaigner-wins-top-prize

https://issat.dcaf.ch/Learn/Resource-Library2/Videos/Ms.-Freshta-Karimi-talks-on-the-challenges-facing-the-justice-system-in-Afghanistan

https://namati.org/network/member/freshta_karimi/

https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/fil-dactualites/280921/droits-humains-une-avocate-afghane-distinguee-par-les-barreaux-europeens (FRANCAIS)

May be an image of text that says "Prix International des droits de l'homme 1IFR 1840- 1904 Ludovic- Trarieux International Human Rights Prize 2021 Prix International des droits de l'homme Ludovic-Trarieux 2021 Premio Internacional de Derechos Humanos Ludovic Trarieux 2021 Internationalen Ludovic-Tr 2021 Premio Internazionale per Diritti Umani Ludovic Trarieux 2021 Ludovic Trarieux Internationale Mensenrechtenprijs 2021 NOMINATIONS 2021 1. AFGHANISTAN Freshta KARIMI 2. AZERBAÄDJAN 3. AZERBA”DJAN Elchin SADIGOV 4. BIÉLORUSSIE -Liliya ULASAVA 5. BIELORUSSIE -Maksim ZNAK 6. CAMEROUN-Michèle 7. ETATS-UNIS- Steven DONZIGER 8. IRAN Armirsalar DAVOUDI 9. MALAISIE KASIM 10. PAKISTAN- Saif-ul-MALOOK 11. SYRIE- Razan ZAITOUNEH 12. TANZANIE -Fatma KARUME 1 *** Précédentes.nomi"

Belarus: Imprisoned lawyer Maksim Znak nominated for Trarieux human rights award

03/02/21

Belarusian opposition politician Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya and the team of jailed presidential wannabe Viktar Babaryka have announced nominating political prisoner Maksim Znak for the Ludovic Trarieux International Human Rights Prize.

According to Babaryka’s team, tens of thousands of Belarusians learned more about their rights thanks to Maksim’s activity. During his ‘legal’ livestreams, he explained to viewers in simple terms how the law should work, what allowable tools and methods people have for protecting our rights.

The Ludovic Trarieux International Human Rights Prize is an international human rights award given annually to a lawyer for contributions to the defence of human rights.

Maksim Znak was lawyer at Viktar Babaryka’s campaign office, a legal counsellor of Svyatlana Tsikhanouskaya and Maryia Kalesnikava; in the wake of the 2020 presidential election and the brutal crackdown on protesters, he filed a complaint with the Supreme Court against the election results and became a member of the board of the opposition Coordination Council set up by Tsikhanouskaya and her associates. Belarus’ Prosecutor General initiated criminal proceedings over establishing the Council, naming it a ‘threat to national security’. The authorities believe the body aims at seizing power in Belarus.

[…]

https://www.urdupoint.com/en/world/court-in-belarus-prolongs-custody-for-opposit-1151191.html

http://www.businessworld.in/article/Belarusian-prosecution-opens-extremist-cases-against-Opposition-in-Minsk/21-12-2020-356498/

https://charter97.org/en/news/2020/9/28/394930/

https://www.rferl.org/a/lawyers-in-belarus-face-disbarment-arrest-just-for-representing-opponents-of-lukashenka/30898088.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxim_Znak

(BELARUSIAN)

https://www.wprost.pl/swiat/10361394/interfax-maksim-znak-zatrzymany-w-minsku-tylko-jeden-czlonek-rady-koordynacyjnej-pozostaje-na-wolnosci.html (POLSKI)

UAE: Joint statement Dr. Mohammed Al-Roken

10/12/20

Joint statement Dr. Mohammed Al-Roken

On International Human Rights Day, Lawyers for Lawyers alongside the International Center for Justice and Human Rights (ICJHR) and 7 other signatories, called on the UAE authorities to immediately release and human rights lawyer and defender Dr. Mohammed Al-Roken.

Eight years have passed since the unjust arrest of Dr. Mohammed Al-Roken by the UAE State Security services. On July 2, 2013, the Federal Supreme Court convicted and sentenced Dr. Al-Roken to 10 years imprisonment with additional administrative control measures and forbade him from practicing his profession as a lawyer. He has been denied the basic right to a fair trial and his enforced disappearance, torture and ill-treatment was never investigated. On November 22, 2013, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention issued an opinion recognizing the arbitrary nature of the detention of Dr. Al-Roken and 60 other defendants in the ‘UAE94’ trial (A/HRC/WGAD/2013/60).

Dr. Al-Roken is a prominent Emirati human rights defender and lawyer, and the former President of the Emirates Jurists Association. In recognition of his courageous human rights work, Dr. Al-Roken was awarded the 2017 Ludovic-Trarieux International Human Rights Prize.

Dr. Al-Roken was arrested on July 17, 2012 as part of the massive crackdown of the ‘UAE94 Group’, and he was charged with conspiracy against the government, after calling for political reforms in the country and signing an online reform petition in March 2011 to demand an elected national council with full supervisory and legislative powers. Following his arrest, Dr. Al-Roken was detained in solitary confinement at an undisclosed location for 8 months, without access to his lawyer and his family.

[…]

https://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/united-arab-emirates/2020/12/d26234/

https://www.fidh.org/en/region/north-africa-middle-east/united-arab-emirates/uae-call-for-the-release-of-human-rights-defender-and-lawyer-dr

https://menarights.org/en/articles/uae-call-release-human-rights-defender-and-lawyer-dr-mohammed-al-roken

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammed_Al-Rukn

Haiti/USA: Attaque contre le véhicule du juge qui enquête sur l’assassinat de Me Dorval

16/11/20

Qui ont eu intérêt à assassiner Me Monferrier Dorval ? | Haiti Liberte

Des individus ont attaqué à coups de pierres le véhicule du juge Renord Régis vendredi dans le quartier de Lalue, à Port-au-Prince. Renord Régis est le juge qui enquête sur l’assassinat du Me Monferrier Dorval. Il avait écrit en début de semaine dernière à Radio Métropole afin d’avoir une copie de l’enregistrement sonore dans lequel le président de la République avait affirmé que deux minutes après l’assassinat de l’ancien bâtonnier, sa femme, la première dame, avait en sa possession une vidéo du meurtre. Interrogé par Le Nouvelliste, le magistrat n’a pas voulu lier l’attaque contre son véhicule et la demande de l’extrait sonore…

Le juge Renord Régis a confié au journal que son véhicule a été attaqué à Lalue, non loin de l’Institution Sainte-Rose de Lima. « Il y avait un embouteillage et c’est à ce moment que j’ai vu des gens qui descendaient en notre direction. Mon chauffeur a essayé de prendre la route de Bois-Verna quand ces individus ont commencé à lancer des pierres sur mon véhicule. Ils ont d’abord visé la vitre du côté gauche où je me trouvais. Cette vitre a résisté mais une autre à l’arrière a été brisée », a expliqué au Nouvelliste le juge d’instruction.

Le magistrat Renord Régis a souligné que dans la foulée et sous les jets de pierres son chauffeur a pu rapidement prendre la route de Bois-Verna. Le juge s’est ensuite réfugié au Conseil supérieur du pouvoir judiciaire (CSPJ). « Arrivé au CSPJ, j’ai appelé un juge de paix qui est venu faire le constat des dégâts », a-t-il dit, précisant que son véhicule n’avait pas subi de tirs d’armes à feu.

[…]

https://lenouvelliste.com/article/223189/attaque-contre-le-vehicule-du-juge-qui-enquete-sur-lassassinat-de-me-dorval

https://lenouvelliste.com/article/223304/lassociation-des-barreaux-americains-demande-au-gouvernement-haitien-de-rendre-justice-au-batonnier-monferrier-dorval

https://bonnewshaiti.com/amp/lamerican-bar-association-demande-une-enquete-approfondie-sur-lassassinat-de-me-dorval-juno7/

https://lenouvelliste.com/article/223269/assassinat-de-monferrier-dorval-le-president-moise-precise-le-barreau-sinquiete-et-prend-acte

https://lenouvelliste.com/article/223268/le-barreau-appelle-a-mettre-des-moyens-a-la-disposition-du-juge-instructeur-renord-regis

http://www.ludovictrarieux.org/tributehaiti2020.htm

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monferrier_Dorval