Tag Archives: Observatoire international des avocats en danger

India/Jammu & Kashmir: HC to hear Mian Qayoom petition on Oct 31

October 19, 2019

A petition challenging detention of Bar President Mian Abdul Qayoom came up for hearing Friday.
Qayoom was taken into custody after abrogation of article 35 A and 370 of the constitution of India. He was detained under public safety act (PSA) and shifted to Agra Jail.
After hearing the arguments from both side the Court listed the matter for the next hearing on October 31.

http://brighterkashmir.com/hc-to-hear-mian-qayoom-petition-on-oct-31-

https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/india-news-arrests-under-psa-amount-to-thought-crime-say-kashmir-lawyers-as-100s-remain-under-detention/339932

Jammu & Kashmir / India: Mobilisation of lawyers against repression in the Kashmir region

Protesting sister, daughter of Farooq Abdullah arrested in Srinagar

J&K Judiciary: A Court under Siege

https://theprint.in/india/governance/judiciary/modi-govt-doesnt-want-lawyer-son-in-law-of-jk-separatist-elevated-to-hc-sc-to-decide/293353/amp/

https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/j-k-hc-bar-association-president-mian-qayoom-and-others-shifted-to-jail-outside-kashmir-119080900910_1.html

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Egypt: Leading rights lawyer Amr Imam arrested from home

October 16, 2019

http://mubasher.aljazeera.net/news/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%90-%D8%A3%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%86-%D8%A5%D8%B6%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%A7-%D8%B9%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B7%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%AA%D8%B6%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7-%D9%85%D8%B9-%D8%A5%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%B9%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%AD (ARABIC)

https://www.anhri.info/?p=11490 (ARABIC)

Egypt lawyer Amr Iman arrested at home

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/50/1201/352957/AlAhram-Weekly/Egypt/Hundreds-released.aspx

Lawyer Amr Emam from ANHRI kidnapped from his home today at dawn The police regime in Egypt shows further hostility against human rights and the rule of law

http://www.ansamed.info/ansamed/en/news/sections/politics/2019/10/16/human-rights-activist-attorney-arrested-in-egypt_125958ea-0ca8-4dde-8516-1c6bdf4e6d71.html

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/egypts-human-rights-lawyers-come-under-states-fire

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/egypt-prominent-activist-arrested-jailed-15-days

https://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/rights-groups-call-egypt-authorities-free-journalist-66302051

https://madamasr.com/en/2019/10/15/feature/politics/activist-israa-abd-el-fattah-reports-torture-in-detention-faces-smear-campaign-amid-new-arrests-and-disappearances/

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(خريطة التعذيب Facebook, 16/10/19)

The Philippines: Murder attempt against Filipina human rights lawyer

October 5, 2019

Human Rights Group decries murder attempt against Filipina human rights lawyer

ICHRP OFFICIAL STATEMENT

The International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines (ICHRP) decries the ambush on Atty. Criselda Heredia while she was with her daughter and client last September 23, 2019. Fortunately, the three were physically uninjured as shots were fired into Heredia’s car by unidentified gunman on board a motorcycle. The incident happened in the municipality of Panit-an on the island of Panay, Central Philippines, around 11:30 am.

Heredia is a human rights lawyer and active in anti-mining campaigns on the island. As a member of the National Union of Peoples’ Lawyers (NUPL) she handles pro bono cases for farmers, human rights defenders and political prisoners.

According to NUPL, before the shooting, Heredia was red-tagged in posters and had been receiving death threats from unidentified men visiting her office. Human rights lawyer Atty. Benjamin Ramos was murdered on the nearby island of Negros last November 7, 2018. Before Ramos’ death, he was also red-tagged with name and face included in posters rolled out across the island.

“ICHRP condemns this outright attack against Filipino human rights lawyers. There is a clear pattern of vilification and harassments which then lead to political killings,” said Mr. Peter Murphy, chair of ICHRP’s Global Council. “This only shows the continuing climate of impunity and the worsening human rights situation in the Philippines under President Duterte”.

The attack on Atty Heredia brings to total for attacks on lawyers since President Duterte came to office in July 2016 to 61, with 49 killed and 12 survivors.

http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/WO1910/S00032/murder-attempt-against-filipina-human-rights-lawyer.htm

Roxas-based rights lawyer survives slay try

https://www.rappler.com/nation/241737-human-rights-group-urges-international-criminal-court-open-investigation-drug-war

Human right group files motion at ICC

https://news.abs-cbn.com/news/10/04/19/joint-un-international-court-probe-on-slays-under-duterte-administration-sought

https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/nation/710477/victims-kin-file-additional-evidence-on-duterte-s-drug-war-at-icc/story/

Drug-war victims’ kin file 2nd ICC pleading

https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/09/30/filming-philippines-war-drugs

THE PHILIPPINES: ATTACKS AGAINST LAWYERS ESCALATING

https://lesad.be/the-philippines-attacks-against-lawyers-escalating/

Filipino human rights lawyer uninjured after gunmen ambush car

Filipino lawyers attacksed Sept 2019 (IAPL MONITORING COMMITTEE REPORT)

https://www.abogacia.es/2019/09/18/filipinas-aumentan-los-ataques-contra-los-abogados/ (ESPANOL)

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(L’Observatoire des Avocats Facebook, 05/10/19)

India/Jammu & Kashmir: Kashmir’s crippled courts leave detainees in limbo

October 3, 2019

A Paramilitary trooper stands on guard during the shutdown in Srinagar. Kashmir valley remains shutdown for the 55th consecutive day following the scrapping of Article 370 by the central government which grants special status to Jammu & Kashmir

Thousands of people have been detained in Indian-administered Kashmir following a government move to strip the region of its special status. Worried family members have been flocking to the courts – but to little avail, reports BBC Hindi’s Vineet Khare.

Altaf Hussein Lone looked anxious as he sat on a red printed sofa in a large hall of the high court in Srinagar, the main city of Indian-administered Kashmir.

Since there is no public transport readily available, he had to pay an exorbitant amount to travel from his home in Baramulla, more than 50km (30 miles) away.

Life here has come to a standstill since the region lost its partial autonomy on 4 August. Internet and mobile phone connections remain suspended, roads and streets are largely deserted; and tens of thousands of extra troops have been deployed.

Despite government assurances that schools and offices can function normally, that has not happened. Most businesses have stayed shut as a form of protest against the government, but many owners also say they fear reprisals by militants opposed to Indian rule if they go back to business as usual.

Thousands of locals, including political leaders, businesspeople and activists, have been detained. Many have been moved to prisons outside the state.

Mr Lone was at the court looking for a lawyer to represent his brother, Shabbir, a village leader who had been arrested under the highly controversial Public Safety Act (PSA), which among other things, allows detention without formal charge for up to two years.

But he was unable to find one. Ironically, the lawyers of the Jammu and Kashmir Bar Association in Srinagar – a body representing more than 2,200 professionals – have been boycotting the courts for more than 50 days over the arrest of their present and former presidents, Mian Abdul Qauyoom and Nazeer Ahmed Ronga.

Both men were arrested under the PSA and sent to two different prisons in distant Uttar Pradesh state for “advocating secessionism” – a move that some lawyers describe as a “political vendetta”.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-49848899

https://www.outlookindia.com/website/story/india-news-arrests-under-psa-amount-to-thought-crime-say-kashmir-lawyers-as-100s-remain-under-detention/339932

IOK faces 53rd day of military lockdown

https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/crackdown-on-lawyers-narrows-road-to-justice-in-kashmir.637097/

https://www.voanews.com/south-central-asia/thousands-begin-freedom-march-pakistan-held-kashmir-toward-disputed-border-india

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/jammu-cachemire-inde-mobilisation-des-avocats-contre-la-repression-dans-la-region-du-cachemire/ (FRANCAIS)

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Egypt: Largest wave of mass arrests since President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi came to power

October 2, 2019

Over the past 12 days, Egyptian authorities have launched the biggest crackdown under President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s rule rounding up more than 2,300 people – at least 111 of them children – said Amnesty International today. The authorities have carried out sweeping arrests of hundreds of peaceful protesters as well as carrying out more targeted arbitrary arrests of human rights lawyers, journalists, political activists and politicians.

The vast majority of those arrested are being investigated as part of one single case. If referred to trial, it would be the largest protest-related criminal case in Egypt’s history.

“President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government has orchestrated this crackdown to crush the slightest sign of dissent and silence every government critic. The wave of unprecedented mass arrests, which included many who were not even involved in the protests, sends a clear message – anyone perceived to pose a threat to Sisi’s government will be crushed,” said Najia Bounaim, North Africa Campaigns Director for Amnesty International.

“Participating in a peaceful protest is not a crime. The Egyptian authorities’ draconian response to the peaceful demonstrations illustrates their utter contempt for human rights and displays a flagrant disregard for the rights to peaceful protest and freedom of expression. The authorities must immediately and unconditionally release anyone detained solely for peacefully exercising their rights to freedom of assembly or expression.“

In a rare challenge to President al-Sisi, and his government, small protests broke out in several cities across Egypt starting on 20 September. The Egyptian authorities sought to prevent a second round of protests on 27 September by shutting down large parts of downtown Cairo and carrying out mass arrests.

An official statement from Egypt’s Office of the Public Prosecutor on 26 September stated that “less than 1,000 people” have been interrogated in relation to their peaceful participation in protests. It confirmed that the defendants’ social media accounts had been searched for evidence of “incitement to protesting”. The statement mentioned that calls to protest posted on social media would be considered evidence of the “crime” of “unauthorized assembly”.

Human rights lawyers working with organizations including the Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR) and Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) have documented at least 2,300 arrests so far. According to lawyers, scores of detainees have been released without questioning, but many others continue to appear in front of prosecutors.

Lawyers, journalists and politicians rounded up

Amnesty International has documented the arrest of 10 journalists, remarkably most of them working for pro-government media outlets, primarily in Suez and Mahalla, and at least 25 politicians and academics from four different political parties. They include Khaled Dawoud, journalist and former head of liberal Dostour party, as well as political science professors Hassan Nefea and Hazem Hosny. At least ten are facing investigation on “terrorism-related” charges.

In a serious blow to defendants’ rights to provide a legal defence, lawyers have also been targeted with at least four arrested while carrying out their work and a total of 16 lawyers have been arrested.

On 29 September, human rights lawyer and director of the Adalah Center for Rights and Freedoms Mohamed el-Baqer entered the Supreme State Security Prosecution (SSSP) building to represent detained activist Alaa Abdelfattah only to be arrested on the same unfounded charges as his client. These include “membership in a banned group” and “spreading false information”. The prosecutor questioned him about his organization’s work and did not present any evidence against him except a National Security Agency investigation report, which neither he nor his lawyer have been allowed to examine.

Amnesty International considers Mohammed el-Baqer a prisoner of conscience who is detained solely for his work defending victims of human rights violations. The organization is calling for his immediate and unconditional release.

“The vast scale and arbitrary nature of the arrests is clear indicator of how unnerved the Egyptian authorities are feeling about the prospect of further protests,” said Najia Bounaim.

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2019/10/egypt-largest-wave-of-mass-arrests-since-president-abdel-fattah-al-sisi-came-to-power/

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/egypts-human-rights-lawyers-come-under-states-fire

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/egypt-thousands-arrested-biggest-crackdown-el-sisi-191002174627211.html

https://www.cfjustice.org/portal/2019/10/01/egypt-all-are-vulnerable-as-government-plunges-into-frenzied-quest-to-eliminate-opposition/

https://www.newsweek.com/3000-arrested-egypt-latest-uprising-president-abdel-fattah-sisi-biggest-crackdown-yet-1463023

https://www.dw.com/en/egyptian-protest-anger-justified-rights-activist-says/a-50668351

https://madamasr.com/en/2019/10/01/feature/politics/despite-release-of-at-least-96-detainees-calls-for-more-open-political-process-tense-security-situation-highlighted-by-arrest-of-lawyers-persists/

https://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/egypt/2019/09/d25523/

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/amid-crackdown-leading-egyptian-rights-activist-arrested

Protests rattle Egypt, Bahraini women political prisoners expose abuse, and journalist jailed over abortion

https://www.york.ac.uk/cahr/news/2019/mohamedel-baqerarrest/

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/case/arrest-mohamed-el-baqer

Egypt: amidst the crackdown, lawyers are also a target

Letter on arrest Mahienour El-Massry

https://www.movedemocracy.org/alert-egypt-targets-lawyers

Rampant media campaign against human rights organizations: Are the Egyptian authorities paving the way for escalating their oppression of human rights defenders?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahienour_El-Massry

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2019_Egyptian_protests

https://www.aljazeera.net/news/politics/2019/10/2/%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%87%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1%D9%8A-%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%AD%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%B3%D8%AC%D9%86%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%A7-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%86%D8%B8%D9%85%D8%A9 (ARABIC)

https://arabic.euronews.com/2019/09/22/egyptian-human-rights-lawyer-mahinour-el-masri-arrested?fbclid=IwAR0r_Z3IXMk2Up_p0SEe6Z8O9VIWgCpxp8qaA8EhLhKzT_PnCTVjlAzbfoM (ARABIC)

https://egyptianfront.org/ar/2019/10/new-case-against-hrd/ (ARABIC)

https://www.amnesty.org/fr/latest/news/2019/10/egypt-largest-wave-of-mass-arrests-since-president-abdel-fattah-al-sisi-came-to-power/ (FRANCAIS)

https://ifex.org/fr/legypte-submergee-par-les-bruits-des-manifestants-des-prisonnieres-politiques-bahreiniennes-denoncent-des-abus-et-une-journaliste-jetee-en-prison-pour-avortement/ (FRANCAIS)

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/en/lawyer/6389/ (FRANCAIS)

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(L’Observatoire des Avocats Facebook, 01/10/19)

 

 

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OIAD/France: Un observatoire pour les avocats en danger

le 9 août, 2019

Image result for observatoire international des avocats en danger

De longue date, les avocats parisiens ont su mettre en avant leur engagement pour le respect des droits de la défense et la protection de leurs confrères. En France bien sûr, mais aussi à l’étranger avec une tradition d’échanges avec les avocats du monde entier. Un travail qu’accomplit aujourd’hui l’Observatoire international des avocats en danger.

Il semble inconcevable d’imaginer un système juridique qui fait valoir les droits de tous les justiciables sans se représenter le rôle de l’avocat. Si son intégrité et son indépendance paraissent être le minimum requis pour qu’il puisse exercer son métier, ces fondamentaux ne sont hélas pas toujours respectés à travers le monde. Avocats assassinés, emprisonnés ou persécutés, les exemples d’atteinte violente à la profession ne manquent pas, de la Turquie à la Chine en passant par l’Égypte, le Mexique ou l’Inde. À ce sujet, le rapport 2018 de l’Institut des droits de l’Homme des avocats européens (IDHAE) ne dénombrait d’ailleurs pas moins de 379 avocats « en danger parce qu’ils tentent de faire leur métier ».

Une thématique sur laquelle le barreau de Paris s’engage également : le 22 mai dernier était organisée une présentation débat autour du rapport de Human Rights Watch : « Des avocats traduits en justice : poursuites abusives et érosion du droit à un procès équitable en Turquie », à la maison du Barreau à Paris. Une rencontre qui faisait écho à un autre événement mis en place par les avocats parisiens le 24 janvier, la Journée internationale de l’avocat en danger, qui était justement consacrée à la situation turque cette année. Le 11 avril dernier encore, c’était Shirin Ebadi qui était accueillie. Avocate et juge iranienne, Prix Nobel de la paix, elle a dû fuir son pays en 2009 en raison de son combat pour les des droits de l’Homme et vit depuis en exil. Toutes ces actions sont menées sous la bannière de l’Observatoire international des avocats en danger (OIAD), une initiative lancée conjointement avec le CNB et deux barreaux étrangers en 2015 pour défendre les avocats menacés au cours de l’exercice de leur métier. L’Observatoire effectue un travail de veille et d’information pour tenter d’enrayer les atteintes au droit à la défense à travers le monde. Avec une structure qui se veut inclusive et ouverte à tous les barreaux, il a déjà été rejoint par 30 d’entre eux en qualité de membre actif.

Entretien croisé avec Basile Ader, vice-bâtonnier du barreau de Paris, et Anne Souleliac, administratrice de l’OIAD.

Un observatoire pour les avocats en danger

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/

Iran: Ongoing judicial harassment against human rights lawyers Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi and Mr. Mohammad Najafi

URGENT APPEAL – THE OBSERVATORY

New information

IRN 004 / 0918 / OBS 115.3

Arbitrary detention/
Judicial harassment/
Indictment

Iran
April 19, 2019

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), has received new information and requests your urgent intervention in the following situation inIran.

Description of the situation:

The Observatory has been informed by the League for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran (LDDHI) about the ongoing judicial harassment against Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi  and the sentencing and re-arrest of Mr. Mohammad Najafi. Both of them are human rights lawyers.

According to the information received on April 16, 2019, Branch 2 of the Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran’s Evin prison issued an indictment against Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi on charges of “cooperating with hostile governments through giving interviews to VOA[1]” (purportedly under Article 508 of the Islamic Penal Code) and “establishing a group to overthrow the system” (Article 498). The case was referred to Branch 15 of the Islamic Revolution Court in Tehran. It is believed that  the second charge is linked to Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi’ creation of a public channel called “withoutretouch” on the messaging application Telegram, on which he reported news and events regarding lawyers and the Bar Association. This channel was also used to share personal opinions on various topics including objections to the detention of lawyers such as Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh[2]and Messrs. Arash Kaykhosraviand Ghasem Sholeh-Saadi[3], and other lawyers, as well as occasional statements critical of the actions of the Supreme Leader and the former Head of the Judiciary. Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi has been detained in Evin prison since November 20, 2018 (see background information).

Moreover, the Observatory has received reliable information that  the Court of Appeals in Arak, Markazi Province, upheld the conviction and prison sentence issued by Branch 1 of the Islamic Revolution Court of Arak against Mr. Mohammad Najafi on November 26, 2018 (see background information): one year imprisonment for “spreading propaganda in favour of groups and organisations opposed to the system” (purportedly under Article 500 of the Islamic Penal Code), two years imprisonment for “insulting the leader of the Islamic Republic” (Article 514) and ten years imprisonment for “co-operating with hostile governments by transmitting news and information in interviews” (purportedly under Article 508) through interviews he gave to Voice of AmericaRadio Farda, and BBC Persian Service. Under the provisions of Article 134 of the Islamic Penal Code[4], Mr. Najafi will likely have to serve these sentences concurrently, i.e. up to 10 years in prison.

Mr. Mohammad Najafi was arrested on April 1, 2019 to serve his sentence and is currently detained in Arak prison.

The Observatory notes that Mr. Mohammad Najafi was released from Arak prison in Markazi Province under an amnesty on March 28, 2019. He was serving a three-year sentence related to his defence work in the case of the death of a protester in police custody in January 2018 in Arak (see background information).

The Observatory recalls that several other human rights lawyers are currently detained for exercising their profession or for defending human rights, including Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, and Messrs. Farhad Mohammadi and Massood Shamsnejad[5]. Others were arrested and released on bail and are still awaiting the outcome of their case.

http://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/iran/2019/04/d25318/

https://www.fidh.org/en/issues/human-rights-defenders/iran-ongoing-judicial-harassment-against-human-rights-lawyers-mr-amir

Amir Salar Davoodi

https://www.rferl.org/a/iconic-iranian-antihijab-protester-jailed-for-year/29879887.html

https://www.radiofarda.com/a/29880276.html (FARSI)

https://persian.iranhumanrights.org/1398/01/amirsalar-davoudi-charges-to-collaborate-with-hostile-states-through-an-interview-with-a-television-network/?fbclid=IwAR12d-ACvQoTAsKKhC-pYvhB98tCFsS0P9RrVizL3JlHKED_j814bGeK8-M (FARSI)

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/avocat/amir-salar-davoodi/ (FRANCAIS)

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/avocat/mohammad-najafi/ (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lagazzettadilucca.it/cultura-e-spettacolo/2019/04/nasrin-sotoudeh-il-filo-rosso-degli-avvocati-passa-anche-da-lucca/ (ITALIANO)