Tag Archives: Observatoire international des avocats en danger

Iran: Ongoing judicial harassment against human rights lawyers Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi and Mr. Mohammad Najafi

URGENT APPEAL – THE OBSERVATORY

New information

IRN 004 / 0918 / OBS 115.3

Arbitrary detention/
Judicial harassment/
Indictment

Iran
April 19, 2019

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), has received new information and requests your urgent intervention in the following situation inIran.

Description of the situation:

The Observatory has been informed by the League for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran (LDDHI) about the ongoing judicial harassment against Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi  and the sentencing and re-arrest of Mr. Mohammad Najafi. Both of them are human rights lawyers.

According to the information received on April 16, 2019, Branch 2 of the Prosecutor’s Office in Tehran’s Evin prison issued an indictment against Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi on charges of “cooperating with hostile governments through giving interviews to VOA[1]” (purportedly under Article 508 of the Islamic Penal Code) and “establishing a group to overthrow the system” (Article 498). The case was referred to Branch 15 of the Islamic Revolution Court in Tehran. It is believed that  the second charge is linked to Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi’ creation of a public channel called “withoutretouch” on the messaging application Telegram, on which he reported news and events regarding lawyers and the Bar Association. This channel was also used to share personal opinions on various topics including objections to the detention of lawyers such as Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh[2]and Messrs. Arash Kaykhosraviand Ghasem Sholeh-Saadi[3], and other lawyers, as well as occasional statements critical of the actions of the Supreme Leader and the former Head of the Judiciary. Mr. Amir Salar Davoodi has been detained in Evin prison since November 20, 2018 (see background information).

Moreover, the Observatory has received reliable information that  the Court of Appeals in Arak, Markazi Province, upheld the conviction and prison sentence issued by Branch 1 of the Islamic Revolution Court of Arak against Mr. Mohammad Najafi on November 26, 2018 (see background information): one year imprisonment for “spreading propaganda in favour of groups and organisations opposed to the system” (purportedly under Article 500 of the Islamic Penal Code), two years imprisonment for “insulting the leader of the Islamic Republic” (Article 514) and ten years imprisonment for “co-operating with hostile governments by transmitting news and information in interviews” (purportedly under Article 508) through interviews he gave to Voice of AmericaRadio Farda, and BBC Persian Service. Under the provisions of Article 134 of the Islamic Penal Code[4], Mr. Najafi will likely have to serve these sentences concurrently, i.e. up to 10 years in prison.

Mr. Mohammad Najafi was arrested on April 1, 2019 to serve his sentence and is currently detained in Arak prison.

The Observatory notes that Mr. Mohammad Najafi was released from Arak prison in Markazi Province under an amnesty on March 28, 2019. He was serving a three-year sentence related to his defence work in the case of the death of a protester in police custody in January 2018 in Arak (see background information).

The Observatory recalls that several other human rights lawyers are currently detained for exercising their profession or for defending human rights, including Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, and Messrs. Farhad Mohammadi and Massood Shamsnejad[5]. Others were arrested and released on bail and are still awaiting the outcome of their case.

http://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/iran/2019/04/d25318/

https://www.fidh.org/en/issues/human-rights-defenders/iran-ongoing-judicial-harassment-against-human-rights-lawyers-mr-amir

Amir Salar Davoodi

https://www.rferl.org/a/iconic-iranian-antihijab-protester-jailed-for-year/29879887.html

https://www.radiofarda.com/a/29880276.html (FARSI)

https://persian.iranhumanrights.org/1398/01/amirsalar-davoudi-charges-to-collaborate-with-hostile-states-through-an-interview-with-a-television-network/?fbclid=IwAR12d-ACvQoTAsKKhC-pYvhB98tCFsS0P9RrVizL3JlHKED_j814bGeK8-M (FARSI)

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/avocat/amir-salar-davoodi/ (FRANCAIS)

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/avocat/mohammad-najafi/ (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lagazzettadilucca.it/cultura-e-spettacolo/2019/04/nasrin-sotoudeh-il-filo-rosso-degli-avvocati-passa-anche-da-lucca/ (ITALIANO)

Turkey: Lawyers Associations join forces to raise concern for the rule of law and the legal profession in Turkey for the Day of the Endangered Lawyer

January 24, 2019

The Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales (BHRC) has joined ten other Bar Associations, Law Societies and Legal Organisations in a joint declaration concerning the breakdown of the rule of law and serious threats against the independence of Judges, Lawyers, and Prosecutors in Turkey.

The declaration marks the 9th annual Day of the Endangered Lawyer and, along with BHRC, includes Abogacía Española – Consejo General, Geneva Bar Association–Human Rights Commission, German Bar Association–Human Rights Committee, European Bar Human Rights Institute, Paris Bar Human Rights Institute, International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute, International Observatory for endangered lawyers, Law Society of England and Wales, Lawyers for Lawyers, and Norwegian Bar Association–Human Rights Committee.

The Day of the Endangered Lawyer was founded and is organised by the Foundation for the Day of the Endangered Lawyer based in Harrlem, the Netherlands. The 24th of January was chosen to be the annual International Day of the Endangered Lawyer because on this day in 1977 four lawyers and a co-worker were murdered at their office in Madrid, Spain. This was also known as the Massacre of Atocha.

The Day honours lawyers across the world who put themselves at risk in the fight for human rights and the rule of law. It aims to create awareness that the practice of the legal profession in many countries involves significant risks, but also to denounce the situation in a particular country where lawyers are victims of serious violations of their fundamental rights because of the exercise of their profession. Each year, the persecution of lawyers in a particular country is highlighted, and the Foundation coordinates activities outside of the country’s embassies around the world. Previous Days of the Endangered Lawyer have expressed concern for lawyers in Iran (2010), Turkey (2012), Basque Country/Spain (2013), Colombia (2014), the Philippines (2015), Honduras (2016), China (2017) and Egypt (2018).

In line with the focus for the Day of the Endangered Lawyer for 2019, the joint declaration expressed its concern for lawyers in Turkey:

http://www.barhumanrights.org.uk/lawyers-associations-join-forces-to-raise-concern-for-the-rule-of-law-and-the-legal-profession-in-turkey-for-the-day-of-the-endangered-lawyer/

http://www.lawsocietygazette.ca/news/law-society-marks-the-day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-january-24/

https://alhr.org.au/australian-lawyers-human-rights-supports-day-endangered-lawyer/?fbclid=IwAR1FU3kR4M3ei8ycUbHv-HamacikEdW7aRR9hADxYE5yt3uUPYjXwqeIACA

https://dyyad.blogspot.com/2019/01/dyyad-day-of-endangered-lawyer.html

basic-report_turkey2019

https://eldh.eu/en/2018/11/22/day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-2019/

Updated Report: Incarceration of Turkish Lawyers | Unjust Arrests and Convictions (2016-2018)

https://eldh.eu/fr/2018/11/22/day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-2019/

https://www.wnd.com/2019/01/eu-court-orders-turkey-to-follow-human-rights-treaty/

https://www.evrensel.net/haber/371866/paris-barosu-artik-adalet-savunma-icin-yerini-bulsun (TURKCE)

http://www.omedyam.com/istanbul-milletvekili-oya-ersoydan-24-ocak-tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gununde-kanun-teklifi-117031/ (TURKCE)

https://www.yenialanya.com/guncel/tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gunu-icin-antalya-adliyesi-nde-eylem-h350849.html (TURKCE)

http://www.antalyasonhaber.com/tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gunu-icin-adliyede-eylem-215081h.htm (TURKCE)

https://www.gercekgundem.com/guncel/65814/tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gununde-eylem (TURKCE)

https://medyabold.com/2019/01/24/24-ocak-dunya-tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gununde-bir-metin-feyzioglu-portresi/ (TURKCE)

http://mezopotamyaajansi14.com/tum-haberler/content/view/45778 (TURKCE)

http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/yerel-haberler/antalya/tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gunu-icin-adliyede-eylem-41093221 (TURKCE)

https://www.arti49.com/tehlikedeki-avukatlar-gunu-icin-adliyede-eylem-1424421h.htm (TURKCE)

http://www.camerepenali.it/cat/9659/giornata_dell%E2%80%99avvocato_minacciato_24_gennaio_2019.html (ITALIANO)

http://www.idhae.org/OBSAV-DEL190124-TUR.htm?fbclid=IwAR2lT2R_herNRCBWt1zG_ma-sTKaPBW0id9a1EBmy0Z2LDZk1w6CvqL60iw (FRANCAIS)

https://www.odage.ch/medias/commissions/documents/Droits%20de%20l’Homme/CP_Avocats_en_danger_2019.pdf?fbclid=IwAR17WjLgXqT8okhxgnpCOfi9HHXu67P6NAoIWoyiWabgsMPId8tFoF1fi4U (FRANCAIS)

https://www.letemps.ch/monde/combat-heroique-avocats-regime-erdogan (FRANCAIS)

https://osce.delegfrance.org/9eme-journee-internationale-de-l-avocat-en-danger-Grave-repression-des-avocats (FRANCAIS)

https://brandaktuell.at/2019/01/24/karriere/plattform-rechtsstaatanlaesslich-des-day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-auch-zu-aktuellen-aeusserungen-des-oesterreichischen-innenministers/ (DEUTSCH)

https://www.ots.at/presseaussendung/OTS_20190124_OTS0099/plattform-rechtsstaatanlaesslich-des-day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-auch-zu-aktuellen-aeusserungen-des-oesterreichischen-innenministers (DEUTSCH)

https://juristen.no/nyheter/2019/01/markerer-st%C3%B8tte-til-tyrkiske-jurister (NORWEGIAN)

#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer

#EndangeredLawyers

#24OcakTehlikedekiAvukatlarGünü

#24thJanuaryEndangeredLawyersDay

#İstanbulBarosu

Padova, Italia

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Barreau de Paris

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Peru: Criminalización del abodado del IDL Juan Carlos Ruíz Molleda y el médico ambientalista Fernando Osores Plenge

LLAMADO URGENTE – EL OBSERVATORIO

PER 002 / 1218 / OBS 140

Criminalización

Perú

10 de diciembre de 2018

El Observatorio para la Protección de los Defensores de Derechos Humanos, programa conjunto de la Organización Mundial Contra la Tortura (OMCT) y de la FIDH, solicita su intervención urgente ante la siguiente situación en Perú.

Descripción de la situación:

El Observatorio ha recibido información de la Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos de Perú (CNDDHH) sobre la criminalización de los Sres. Juan Carlos Ruíz Molleda, abogado de derechos humanos que trabaja en el Instituto de Defensa Legal (IDL)[1] y Fernando Osores Plenge, médico ambientalista comprometido con la denuncia de los impactos sobre el derecho a la salud provocados por la contaminación ambiental.

Según la información recibida, el 8 de noviembre tuvo lugar la audiencia de control de la acusación que el Ministerio Público ha presentado en contra de los Sres. Ruíz Molleda y Osores Plenge por la supuesta comisión del delito de uso de documento público falso en agravio del Ministerio de Salud. La audiencia fue inicialmente suspendida hasta el 30 de noviembre y con posterioridad ha sido nuevamente aplazada hasta el 20 de diciembre.

Tras pasar por varias instancias del poder judicial peruano, el 11 de junio de 2018 la Fiscalía emitió su requerimiento acusatorio en contra de los Sres. Ruíz y Osores, en el que solicitaba la imposición de pena privativa de libertad de dos años, la pena accesoria de 30 a 90 días multa, así como el pago de una reparación civil de 6 mil soles (1 565 Euros). Según las mismas informaciones, la acusación del Ministerio Público presentaba serias falencias a nivel probatorio y además únicamente se basaba en una parte de la documentación puesto que no tomaba en consideración como parte de su valoración jurídica importantes elementos que habían sido aportados por la defensa en su solicitud de sobreseimiento[2].

El proceso en su contra se inició el 2 de octubre de 2015 con una denuncia penal presentada por elMinisterio de Salud (MINSA) y el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) en la que se les acusaba de lo siguiente: delitos contra la fe pública en sus modalidades de falsedad ideológica (artículo 428 del Código penal), falsificación de documento público y uso de documento público falso (artículo 427), y falsedad genérica (artículo 438); así como el delito de grave perturbación de la tranquilidad pública (artículo 315-A del Código Penal). Varios de estos delitos fueron posteriormente descartados por el Ministerio Público falta de elementos de convicción.

http://www.omct.org/es/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/peru/2018/12/d25158/

https://www.abogacia.es/2018/11/30/el-observatorio-para-la-abogacia-en-riesgo-apoya-al-abogado-peruano-juan-carlos-ruiz-frente-a-la-criminalizacion-de-su-actividad-profesional/

http://derechoshumanos.pe/2018/11/observatorio-internacional-de-abogados-expresa-preocupacion-por-persecucion-penal-del-abogado-juan-carlos-ruiz/

https://www.servindi.org/actualidad-noticias/10/12/2018/omct-lanza-alerta-sobre-criminalizacion-contra-juan-carlos-ruiz-y

https://laley.pe/art/6649/el-principio-de-legalidad-como-pretexto-para-incumplir-el-convenio-169-de-la-oit

Azerbaijan: Rights lawyer prevented from leaving Azerbaijan

July 18, 2018

Azerbaijani human rights lawyer Emin Aslan was prevented from boarding a flight out of Azerbaijan in Baku International Airport on Monday morning, he has confirmed to OC Media. Aslan was released 13 days ago after serving 30 days in administrative detention for ‘disobeying police’. His detention in June was condemned at the time by local rights groups as well as the EU Parliament.

Aslan told OC Media he was informed by border agents at the airport that he was subject to a travel ban, something he said he had not previously been told. ‘They informed me that my travel ban was [issued] by the Ministry of Internal Affairs on 30 May 2018. This is the date I entered Azerbaijan from the US’, Aslan said.

‘This is a violation of my freedom of movement because I have never been a witness or suspect in any criminal case and I do not have any debt or tax obligation’, he added. Aslan said his lawyers had appealed to the Prosecutor General’s Office and Ministry of Internal Affairs for more information about the ban.

Aslan, a recent graduate of Syracuse University College of Law in New York State, previously worked for two Tbilisi-based rights groups, the Eastern European Centre for Multiparty Democracy and the Human Rights House Tbilisi. He has helped to litigate a number of cases of alleged human rights abuses of Azerbaijani citizens at the European Court of Human Rights.

Abduction and conviction

Aslan was apprehended in Baku in early June by a group of men in civilian clothes, a week after his return to Azerbaijan. The following day, after local activists reported on his apparent abduction, the authorities informed Aslan’s lawyer that the Narimanov District Court had found him guilty of ‘disobeying police’ and sentenced him to 30 days administrative detention. Aslan was deprived of his right to legal counsel throughout his detention and the court hearings.

http://oc-media.org/rights-lawyer-prevented-from-leaving-azerbaijan/

http://www.turan.az/ext/news/2018/7/free/Social/en/73687.htm

https://www.opendemocracy.net/od-russia/ismail-djalilov-and-tamara-grigoryeva/injustice-for-all

http://oc-media.org/eu-parliament-says-no-deal-until-azerbaijan-frees-political-prisoners/

https://www.coe.int/en/web/baku/-/azerbaijan-torture-impunity-and-corruption-in-law-enforcement-remain-systemic-and-widespread-new-anti-torture-committee-publications

https://mediamax.am/en/news/foreignpolicy/29460/

https://arrestedlawyers.files.wordpress.com/2018/07/defence-for-defenders.pdf

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/avocat/emin-aslan/ (FRANCAIS)

OIAD: PROTECT-LAWYERS.COM : LE NOUVEAU SITE DE L’OIAD POUR PARLER DES AVOCATS EN DANGER.

le 9 juin, 2018

PNG - 212.6 ko

“Défendons le droit de défendre” : tel est le slogan du nouveau site Protect-lawyers.com lancé le 3 mai 2018 par l’Observatoire International des Avocats en Danger (OIAD). L’objectif est de sensibiliser le plus grand nombre sur les dangers qui pèsent sur des milliers d’avocats partout dans le monde, et d’améliorer la visibilité du travail de l’observatoire. 
Richard Sédillot [1], Vice-président de la Commission des affaires européennes et internationales du CNB, nous explique le rôle de l’OIAD et ses actions concrètes.

Village de la justice : Pouvez-vous nous rappeler les origines de l’OIAD ?

Richard Sédillot : “L’OIAD a été créé à l’initiative du Conseil National des Barreaux, du Barreau de Paris, du Consiglio Nationale Forense [2] et du Consejo General de la abogacia espanola. [3]

Après la mise en œuvre d’un premier projet, l’OIAD a, en sa nouvelle formule, été créé en décembre 2015, à l’initiative renouvelée des mêmes membres. Le Bureau de l’Observatoire compte également en son sein l’Ordre des avocats de Genève, également très actif à nos côtés.

Depuis, plus de trente barreaux européens, un barreau turc et un barreau africain nous ont rejoints, conscients que nous sommes plus visibles, audibles et efficaces en mutualisant nos efforts au soutien des avocats en danger.”

Comment œuvrez-vous pour la visibilité de votre mission ?

“Chaque 24 janvier, l’OIAD participe activement à la Journée internationale des avocats en danger. Cette journée d’action permet de mobiliser les confrères et de sensibiliser la société civile sur le sort de nos confrères et sur l’importance que représente l’avocat pour l’administration de la Justice et l’État de droit.

https://www.village-justice.com/articles/protect-lawyers-com-nouveau-site-oiad-pour-parler-des-avocats-danger,28670.html

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/

#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer

International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute ANNUAL REVIEW 2017

Image result for international bar association

The International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) has launched its 2017 Annual Review, providing an overview of the IBAHRI’s major activities over the year.

2017 was a difficult year for human rights: since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted 70 years ago, it appears that we are now reaching a point where the universal acceptance of human rights is being eroded. Increasingly polarised political spheres and growing support for populist governments are resulting in policies that scapegoat minorities, attack the under-represented and persecute those who oppose these governments.

In this atmosphere, protection of human rights, the rule of law and an independent legal profession are more important than ever. This makes the work of the IBAHRI more important than ever. Since its establishment in 1995, the IBAHRI has endeavoured to defend fundamental human rights through the promotion and protection of the independence of the legal profession, and by providing members of the global legal community with the tools needed to do the same.

 

As part of its ongoing projects in the Americas, the IBAHRI provided torture-prevention training to legal professionals, including judges and public defenders, across Brazil and Mexico. In El Salvador, the IBAHRI brought a high-level delegation of experts on the rights to justice, truth and historical memory to meet with legal professionals, the executive, armed forces, CSOs and academia with a view to achieving justice effectively and realising the rights of those who suffered human rights abuses as a result of the 12-year civil war. Additionally, the IBAHRI continued to monitor the emblematic trial of Venezuelan Judge María Lourdes Afiuni, and sent open letters to President Donald Trump of the United States, which criticised the President and his administration for actions the IBAHRI felt were ‘diametrically opposed to the defence of human rights’.

In Asia Pacific, the IBAHRI worked with the newly established Independent Lawyers’ Association of Myanmar to continue its work in the country, and has been running a trial observation programme to ensure those responsible for the death of prominent lawyer U Ko Ni are brought to justice. In Timor-Leste, the IBAHRI has consolidated its presence in the country by seeking to strengthen the legal profession and supporting the creation of its first national bar association.

The IBAHRI launched a mentorship programme for junior Azerbaijani lawyers that linked them with more experienced senior lawyers, and held a Law Student Conference in Baku, among other activities intended to advocate for the rights of legal professionals in the country. We also facilitated attendance at various OSCE Meetings for lawyers in GeorgiaKazakhstan and Tajikistan as part of the IBAHRI’s ongoing work in Europe and Central Asia.

https://www.ibanet.org/Human_Rights_Institute/Human-Rights-Institute-Annual-Review-2017.aspx

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/

https://www.hrw.org/news/2018/07/23/joint-letter-eu-regarding-human-rights-situation-tajikistan

In Tajikistan, reforms undertaken by the Qualifications Committee set up by the Ministry of Justice drastically decreased the number of practising lawyers.

Read more about the situation of Tajik lawyers and the work the IBAHRI has done in partnership with the Tajikistan Barristers’ Union here:https://tinyurl.com/y7rhftx4

(International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute Facebook, 9/5/18)

Egypt/Day of the Endangered Lawyer: Journée de l’avocat en danger consacrée aux Egyptiens

le 20 janvier, 2018

 

Logos CNB Barreau de Paris Observatoire des avocats en danger

POURQUOI UNE TELLE JOURNÉE ?
Le 24 janvier 2018 se tiendra la journée internationale de l’avocat en danger. Il s’agit de la 8ème édition de cette journée. Depuis 2009, l’Association des Avocats Européens Démocrates organise, en collaboration avec la Fondation de la « Journée de l’Avocat Menacé » et d’autres organisations d’avocats et barreaux, chaque année, la Journée de l’Avocat Menacé en autant de villes, pays et continents que possible.

Cette journée internationale a pour vocation d’attirer l’attention de la société civile et des pouvoirs publics sur la situation des avocats dans un pays particulier, afin de faire connaître les menaces auxquelles sont confrontés les avocats dans le cadre de l’exercice de leur profession. Après la situation des avocats en Iran, en Turquie, aux Philippines, au Pays Basque, au Honduras, et en Chine, la Journée de l’avocat en danger 2018 sera dédiée à la situation des avocats en Egypte.
COMBIEN D’AVOCATS MENACÉS ?
Il n’existe pas aujourd’hui de véritable chiffre officiel du nombre d’avocats gravement en danger dans le monde. Pourtant, chaque jour ou presque, des avocats sont assassinés, menacés, arrêtés, torturés, poursuivis – ou disparaissent tout simplement – pour le simple fait d’accomplir leur travail. Parmi les pays les plus dangereux pour les avocats aujourd’hui on peut compter sur la Chine, l’Iran, le Honduras, les Philippines, la Colombie, le Mexique, le Pakistan, le Mexique. Plus près de nous, nous pouvons également penser à la Turquie où près de 1500 avocats font l’objet de poursuites, et dont 570 sont en détention provisoire.

https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/sites/default/files/journee_internationale_de_lavocat_en_danger_.pdf

https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/fr/journee-internationale-des-avocats-en-danger

http://dayoftheendangeredlawyer.eu/

https://www.facebook.com/events/161426594613853/

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