Tag Archives: Brazil

Brazil/Colombia/Guatemala/Honduras/ Mexico/The Philippines: Stop the Killings

June 21, 2018

Stop the Killings Report.jpg

“Stop the Killings” analyzes the root causes of the killing of HRDs in Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and the Philippines.

The report is based on original research by Comitê Brasileiro de Defensoras e Defensores de Direitos Humanos – CBDDH, (Brazil), Programa Somos Defensores (Colombia), UDEFEGUA (Guatemala), ACI-Participa (Honduras), Comité Cerezo (Mexico) and iDEFEND, Karapatan and Pahra (Philippines).

With a forward from United Natiosn Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders Michel Forst and introduction by Front Line Defenders Exective Director Andrew Anderson, “Stop the Killings” is a vital resource for understanding the current and alarming increase of killings of human rights defenders globally.

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/statement-report/stop-killings

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/violation/killing

https://www.business-humanrights.org/en/front-line-defenders-new-report-says-majority-of-human-rights-defenders-killings-in-2017-were-related-to-mega-projects-in-extractive-industry

https://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/spike-in-murder-rate-of-human-rights-defenders-472131.html

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Brazil: Authorities must not let the Pau D’Arco massacre go unpunished

May 23, 2018

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The Brazilian authorities must solve the killing of 10 land rights activists by military and civil police officers in the city of Pau D’Arco, Amnesty International said today on the one-year anniversary of the massacre. The victims’ families continue to await justice, while the number of people murdered in land conflicts has soared in the past year, with impunity continuing to feed the cycle of violence.

“On 24 May 2017, Brazilian security forces gunned down ten rural workers on the Santa Lúcia farm in Pará state. It was one of the bloodiest days for rural workers in decades and it marked the start of an escalation in violence perpetrated by state officials. Over the past year in Brazil, at least 70 people were murdered in land conflicts,” said Jurema Werneck, Executive Director of Amnesty International Brazil.

“Those who ordered the Pau D’Arco Massacre have still not been identified, and survivors and relatives of those killed continue to suffer threats and harassment. We join them today in calling for justice for these crimes. It is the duty of the Brazilian authorities to protect rural workers and to guarantee justice, truth and reparation to the families of the victims and survivors.”

José Vargas Junior, the lawyer for survivors and victims’ families, said: “Brazilian security forces have a false perception that a vulnerable group of people can be killed without any legal consequences, investigation and punishment.”

The investigation remains ongoing, with federal police issuing 12 search and seizure warrants in four cities earlier this month.

José Vargas Junior and Rivelino Zarpellon, another lawyer who has worked on the case, have been the targets of threats that intensified at the end of last year. Both were forced to leave the region due to the grave nature of the threats, which have continued through late April and early May 2018.

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/05/brazil-authorities-must-not-let-the-pau-darco-massacre-go-unpunished/

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/pt/case/escalating-threats-against-lawyer-rivelino-zarpellon-state-para (PORTUGUES)

https://oglobo.globo.com/brasil/massacre-de-pau-darco-completa-um-ano-10-mortes-muitas-incertezas-22711202 (PORTUGUES)

https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/opiniao/2018/05/jose-vargas-junior-talvez-seja-melhor-voce-nao-se-envolver-tanto.shtml (PORTUGUES)

https://politica.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,advogado-de-delatores-de-chacina-no-para-diz-ser-alvo-de-ameaca,70002321940 (PORTUGUES)

https://www.amnesty.fr/presse/brsil-le-massacre-de-pau-darco-ne-doit-pas-rester- (FRANCAIS)

https://www.es.amnesty.org/en-que-estamos/noticias/noticia/articulo/brasil-las-autoridades-no-deben-dejar-que-la-masacre-de-pau-darco-quede-impune/ (ESPANOL)

Brazil: Escalating threats against lawyer Rivelino Zarpellon in the state of Pará

May 17, 2018

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Since the end of 2017, human rights defender Rivelino Zarpellon has been the target of surveillance and threats. Between the end of April and the beginning of May 2018, the homes of several of the defenders’ friends and relatives were visited by unknown men, travelling on motorcycles, who said they were looking for Rivelino Zarpellon. On 10 May 2018, the defender recorded the incessant passage of a suspicious motorcyclist on the street where he lives.

Rivelino Zarpellon is a human rights defender and a lawyer of 18 years. He is a legal advisor to the Union of Workers in Public Education of the State of Pará (SINTEPP) and the Union of Workers in Health in the State of Pará (SINDSAUDE). He is also the President of the Human Rights Commission of the Brazilian Bar Association (Xinguara Subsection). The human rights defender, who has been particularly active in the state of Pará, has worked on many emblematic cases, including cases of corruption that led to the dismissal of several judges in Pará’s Xinguara District.

In conjunction with the Pastoral Commission of the Land of Pará (CPT-PA), Rivelino Zarpellon has also been working on the case of the Pau D’Arco Massacre, where 10 rural workers were killed by police officers in May 2017. He was present during the plea bargain testimonies of two of the police officers involved in the massacre. Late last year, excerpts of the video of the testimonies were leaked and circulated in Whatsapp groups. Rivelino Zarpellon, who appears  in the leaked videos, began receiving threats shortly afterwards and he heard rumours that his name was on a list of “people marked to die”. The Federal Human Rights Defenders Program (PPDDH) was made aware of the threats and at the end of 2017 Rivelino Zarpellon was temporarily relocated outside of his hometown of Xinguara.

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/case/escalating-threats-against-lawyer-rivelino-zarpellon-state-para

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/pt/case/escalating-threats-against-lawyer-rivelino-zarpellon-state-para (PORTUGUES)

Brazil: 110 magistrados estão sob ameaça no País, diz CNJ

20/05/18

Pesquisa do Conselho Nacional de Justiça mostra que seis em cada mil juízes e desembargadores sofrem retaliações; riscos são maiores pela atuação na 1ª instância

Levantamento do Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ), obtido pelo Estado, aponta que 6 em cada mil magistrados estão sob ameaça no Brasil. Os riscos na atuação profissional são maiores para os juízes de primeira instância – a média sobe para 7 em cada mil – e menores para desembargadores, quando o índice cai para 2 por mil. Ao todo, 30 dos 82 tribunais citados na pesquisa relataram casos de ameaças, contabilizando 110 magistrados em situação de risco no ano passado.

+ AMB relaciona episódios de ameaças a juizes à ‘agressividade social

+ Juízes da Lava Jato ganharam escolta

O estudo do CNJ constatou ainda que 97% das ameaças decorrem da atuação dos magistrados e que o potencial agressor é conhecido em 65% dos casos. E não são apenas os juízes criminais que sofrem ameaças, ofensas e tentativas de intimidação – as áreas de atuação que trazem mais riscos são as Varas de Família, do Trabalho e os casos de violência doméstica.

+ Para Cármen, Justiça vive o seu momento ‘mais difícil e mais turbulento’

“É preciso estar atento, porque ser juiz não é uma profissão qualquer, é uma profissão onde o magistrado vai lidar com a vida das pessoas, decidir a vida delas, e uma das partes do processo sempre perde. É uma arena onde vão disputar bens e direitos e por conta disso é normal que haja reação da parte desagradada”, disse a delegada da Polícia Federal Tatiane da Costa Almeida, diretora do Departamento de Segurança Institucional do Poder Judiciário do CNJ.

O departamento – integrado exclusivamente por mulheres – foi instalado em maio de 2017 pela presidente do CNJ e do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF), ministra Cármen Lúcia, que definiu o tema como uma das prioridades de sua gestão. Um dos desafios, segundo ela, é disseminar uma “cultura de segurança” entre os juízes e desembargadores, que muitas vezes não tomam os devidos cuidados e minimizam o problema.

“Às vezes um juiz criminal, até pelo fato de estar julgando vários crimes, consegue enxergar riscos e ser mais desconfiado, mas, via de regra, o juiz não está tão preocupado com a própria segurança”, alerta Tatiane.

http://politica.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,110-magistrados-estao-sob-ameaca-no-pais-diz-cnj,70002315945

https://www.jota.info/coberturas-especiais/liberdade-de-expressao/liberdade-de-expressao-mpf-14052018

http://politica.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,juizes-da-lava-jato-ganharam-escolta,70002315961

https://www.otempo.com.br/capa/brasil/pelo-menos-110-ju%C3%ADzes-est%C3%A3o-sob-amea%C3%A7a-no-brasil-aponta-estudo-do-cnj-1.1613474

https://www.brasil247.com/pt/247/brasil/355498/Ju%C3%ADzes-da-Lava-Jato-vivem-sob-escolta.htm

https://g1.globo.com/politica/blog/matheus-leitao/post/2018/05/20/cnj-diz-que-juizes-sao-ameacados-mp-paulista-investiga-caixa-2-de-alckmin-jornais-de-domingo-20.ghtml

http://www.cnj.jus.br/

https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conselho_Nacional_de_Justi%C3%A7a

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Justice_Council (ENGLISH)

(N.B. 110 judges involved with the anti-corruption Lava Jato investigation are threatened and they must now be escorted to and from their work by the police.)

International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute ANNUAL REVIEW 2017

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The International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) has launched its 2017 Annual Review, providing an overview of the IBAHRI’s major activities over the year.

2017 was a difficult year for human rights: since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted 70 years ago, it appears that we are now reaching a point where the universal acceptance of human rights is being eroded. Increasingly polarised political spheres and growing support for populist governments are resulting in policies that scapegoat minorities, attack the under-represented and persecute those who oppose these governments.

In this atmosphere, protection of human rights, the rule of law and an independent legal profession are more important than ever. This makes the work of the IBAHRI more important than ever. Since its establishment in 1995, the IBAHRI has endeavoured to defend fundamental human rights through the promotion and protection of the independence of the legal profession, and by providing members of the global legal community with the tools needed to do the same.

 

As part of its ongoing projects in the Americas, the IBAHRI provided torture-prevention training to legal professionals, including judges and public defenders, across Brazil and Mexico. In El Salvador, the IBAHRI brought a high-level delegation of experts on the rights to justice, truth and historical memory to meet with legal professionals, the executive, armed forces, CSOs and academia with a view to achieving justice effectively and realising the rights of those who suffered human rights abuses as a result of the 12-year civil war. Additionally, the IBAHRI continued to monitor the emblematic trial of Venezuelan Judge María Lourdes Afiuni, and sent open letters to President Donald Trump of the United States, which criticised the President and his administration for actions the IBAHRI felt were ‘diametrically opposed to the defence of human rights’.

In Asia Pacific, the IBAHRI worked with the newly established Independent Lawyers’ Association of Myanmar to continue its work in the country, and has been running a trial observation programme to ensure those responsible for the death of prominent lawyer U Ko Ni are brought to justice. In Timor-Leste, the IBAHRI has consolidated its presence in the country by seeking to strengthen the legal profession and supporting the creation of its first national bar association.

The IBAHRI launched a mentorship programme for junior Azerbaijani lawyers that linked them with more experienced senior lawyers, and held a Law Student Conference in Baku, among other activities intended to advocate for the rights of legal professionals in the country. We also facilitated attendance at various OSCE Meetings for lawyers in GeorgiaKazakhstan and Tajikistan as part of the IBAHRI’s ongoing work in Europe and Central Asia.

https://www.ibanet.org/Human_Rights_Institute/Human-Rights-Institute-Annual-Review-2017.aspx

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/

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In Tajikistan, reforms undertaken by the Qualifications Committee set up by the Ministry of Justice drastically decreased the number of practising lawyers.

Read more about the situation of Tajik lawyers and the work the IBAHRI has done in partnership with the Tajikistan Barristers’ Union here:https://tinyurl.com/y7rhftx4

(International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute Facebook, 9/5/18)

Brazil: Car Wash Justice Reports Threats Against His Family

March 28, 2018

Justice Edson Fachin in Brasília

Rapporteur of Car Wash Operation (Lava Jato) in the Brazilian Supreme Federal Court (STF), Justice Edson Fachin stated he and his family have received threats and said he is worried about their safety.

In an interview to Globonews published on Tuesday (27), the Supreme Court Justice said he has been discussing the matter with Court President, justice Cármen Lúcia, and with a Federal Police Chief who works in the court, and said he asked security measures to be taken.

“My concerns are not only the trials, but also the safety of my family members. I have dealt with this issue and with threats against members of my family.”

He stated, “not all instruments have been put in place yet.” “I have been actually worried about this and hoping we don’t have to change another lock on a door which has already been forced open.”

http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/internacional/en/brazil/2018/03/1962568-car-wash-justice-reports-threats-against-his-family.shtml?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=newsEN

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Car_Wash

http://politica.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,fachin-afirma-que-familia-tem-recebido-ameacas,70002244878 (PORTUGUES)

http://politica.estadao.com.br/blogs/fausto-macedo/trezentos-procuradores-e-juizes-vao-ao-supremo-por-prisao-em-2a-instancia/ (PORTUGUES)

http://www.fabiocampana.com.br/2018/04/4-200-procuradores-e-juizes-ja-assinaram-a-nota-a-favor-da-prisao-em-segunda-instancia/ (PORTUGUES)

https://noticias.uol.com.br/politica/ultimas-noticias/2018/04/02/juizes-e-procuradores-entregam-ao-stf-abaixo-assinado-a-favor-de-prisao-na-2-instancia.htm (PORTUGUES)

https://oglobo.globo.com/brasil/mst-ataca-predio-de-carmen-lucia-em-bh-com-tinta-vermelha-22566054 (PORTUGUES)

https://g1.globo.com/rj/rio-de-janeiro/noticia/predios-da-justica-federal-no-rio-sao-pichados-apos-manifestacao-em-favor-do-ex-presidente-lula.ghtml (PORTUGUES)

https://www.oantagonista.com/brasil/estado-democratico-de-direito-em-risco-diz-ajufe/ (PORTUGUES)

https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/2018/04/criticas-de-lula-sao-ofensa-irresponsavel-e-delirio-diz-associacao-de-procuradores.shtml (PORTUGUES)

http://acervofolha.blogfolha.uol.com.br/2018/03/16/assassinato-da-juiza-patricia-acioli-em-2011-pouco-mudou-a-seguranca-do-rio/ (PORTUGUES)

https://noticias.uol.com.br/politica/ultimas-noticias/2018/04/13/tem-que-fechar-o-supremo-tribunal-federal-diz-deputado-do-pt.htm (PORTUGUES)

http://ajufe.org/imprensa/noticias (PORTUGUES)

Venezuela: Venezuela: violations de Caracas soumises à la CPI

le 13 octobre, 2017

L’ancienne procureure générale du Venezuela Luisa Ortega, en exil, va donner un dossier à la CPI sur des exécutions extrajudiciaires et d’autres violations menées par son gouvernement. Elle a rencontré vendredi à Genève le Haut commissaire aux droits de l’homme.

Ce document pour la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) sera accompagné “d’un ensemble d’expertises” qui prouvent ces exécutions, a-t-elle dit à quelques journalistes après sa discussion avec Zeid Raad al-Hussein. Après s’être réfugiée fin août en Colombie, Luisa Ortega, entrée en dissidence, avait entamé une tournée à travers l’Amérique latine, au Brésil, au Costa Rica et au Mexique.

Elle avait présenté des indications à charge sur la corruption présumée du gouvernement. Son successeur a expliqué qu’il n’ouvrirait pas d’investigations contre le président Nicolas Maduro sur ces allégations. Luisa Ortega avait été congédiée de ses fonctions début août par la nouvelle Assemblée constituante controversée, acquise au chef de l’Etat.

De son côté, M. Zeid a dénoncé en septembre devant le Conseil des droits de l’homme de possibles “crimes contre l’humanité” dans ce pays, accusations qualifiées de “mensonges” par le gouvernement. Il a demandé un mécanisme international d’investigations sur les violences de ces derniers mois entre le régime et les opposants qui ont fait au total au moins plus de 120 victimes.

https://www.swissinfo.ch/fre/venezuela–violations-de-caracas-soumises-%C3%A0-la-cpi/43594620

http://www.rfi.fr/ameriques/20171013-une-etats-unis-retirent-unesco

http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/have-evidence-against-maduros-graft-luisa-ortega/article19856054.ece (ENGLISH)

http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/ousted-venezuelan-prosecutor-leaks-odebrecht-bribe-video-50449258 (ENGLISH)

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/12/world/americas/venezuela-odebrecht-maduro-corruption.html (ENGLISH)

https://www.wsj.com/articles/former-venezuelan-attorney-general-presenting-corruption-evidence-to-u-s-1507949458 (ENGLISH)

http://www.panorama.com.ve/politicayeconomia/Luisa-Ortega-Diaz-se-reunio-con-alto-comisionado-de-la-ONU-20171013-0040.html (ESPANOL)

http://www.elcolombiano.com/internacional/venezuela/exfiscal-luisa-ortega-habla-de-venezuela-KI7468804 (ESPANOL)