Tag Archives: Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan/Council of Europe/ICJ: Baku to host international conference on “Role and Independence of lawyers: Comparative Perspectives”

November 13, 2018

An international conference on the topic of “The role and independence of lawyers: comparative perspectives” organized by the Azerbaijani Bar Association, the Council of Europe and the International Commission of Jurists will be held on November 15-16.

Report informs citing the Association that heads of the foreign ministries of 15 foreign countries, senior officials of international organizations, as well as heads of the supreme governing bodies of Azerbaijan will take part in the event.

https://report.az/en/domestic-politics/baku-to-host-international-conference-on-role-and-independence-of-lawyers-comparative-perspectives/

https://www.coe.int/fr/web/human-rights-rule-of-law/-/conference-on-the-role-and-independence-of-lawyers-comparative-perspectives-

http://www.gocatalog.az/info/Detailed_News.aspx?id=52656&lng=en

https://www.azerbaycan24.com/en/baku-to-host-international-conference-on-role-and-independence-of-lawyers-comparative-perspectives/

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Follow LIVE tomorrow as from 9.15am (#Baku: GMT +4) the international conference on “The role and#independence of #lawyers: comparative prospectives” starting tomorrow morning. It is organised by the Council of Europe jointly with the International Commission of Jurists and the Bar Association of Azerbaijan. International experts and prominent lawyers representing the leadership of national bar associations from a wide range of countries will be present as well as Mr Christophe Poirel, Director of Human Rights, Council of Europe and Mr Azer Jafarov, Deputy Minister of Justice of Azerbaijan and others. #StayTuned, follow and share: https://bit.ly/2DlQbHV

(Council of Europe – Directorate General Human Rights and Rule of Law Facebook, 14/11/18)

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UK/Colombia/Egypt/China/Honduras etc: Occupational hazards

October 22, 2018

Turkey arrest

Lawyers all over the world risk losing their liberty – and worse – when they seek to uphold fundamental human rights. Jonathan Rayner reports

 

THE LOW DOWN
Across the world in places once deemed ‘safe’, the rule of law is under pressure to give way to populism and authoritarianism – meaning lawyers’ clients and their own support for justice are putting them personally at risk. In Colombia, 120 lawyers were murdered in 2017. President Erdogan’s crackdown in Turkey has seen 22 advocates put on trial for ‘terrorism’, and the list of countries where similar incidences are occurring is long – including China, Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Venezuela, Morocco, Peru, the Philippines, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Saudi Arabia, Myanmar and Kenya. Yet international solidarity between lawyers is strong, and many are organising to protect and support persecuted colleagues in a battle for justice that can feel like it must be fought street-by-street.

 

English lawyers, and this is perhaps to over-dramatise matters, have been at imminent risk of violent death since 1591. That was the year that Shakespeare wrote Henry VI part two and placed the words, ‘The first thing we do, let’s kill all the lawyers’, into the mouth of a rebellious Dick the Butcher. Some 427 years later, the Day of the Endangered Lawyer 2018 was marked by lawyers in 35 European and other cities worldwide. They were showing solidarity with their persecuted Egyptian counterparts, the same way that in the previous two years they had demonstrated their support for imperilled lawyers in China and Honduras.

Egypt, China, Honduras – three nations on three different continents. The threat to lawyers, although small in the UK, is global. Dick the Butcher’s rantings have been supplanted by something altogether more sinister: extra-judicial executions, state-sanctioned wrongful imprisonment and harassment, electronic surveillance and an autocratic disregard for the rule of law. Sir Patrick Elias, president of the Alliance for Lawyers at Risk and a retired Appeal Court judge, says the problem is widespread: ‘It flourishes wherever there are dictatorships.’

https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/features/occupational-hazards/5067998.article?fbclid=IwAR3Xzxsrzp_0Hvxfx1KKtHcYLywlN9bgLaNQk3zf-hhJURnuvojCS7RwuDQ

#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer

The Systematic Repression of Lawyers in Central Asia and Eastern Europe

September 12, 2018

Image result for Freedom House

OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Meeting 2018
Warsaw, Poland
September 12, 2018
Working Session 4

The Systematic Repression of Lawyers in Central Asia and Eastern Europe

Freedom House is gravely concerned by an apparent systematic crackdown on the legal profession by a number of OSCE participating States. Since 2017, restrictive legislative changes and punitive measures targeting individual lawyers were especially egregious in Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Crimea. The intense persecution of the legal profession undermines individuals’ essential right of equal access to justice, especially those who openly call for government accountability, such as human rights defenders, journalists, social and political activists. Often, legal action is the only available recourse for individuals and associations to seek redress for violations of their fundamental rights and freedoms.

Due to governments’ threats both to lawyers and their would-be clients, the number of lawyers able to take on human rights cases is dwindling. Without a strong, independent judiciary and lawyers free from harassment, however, governments cannot claim to be fulling their obligations to protect the fundamental human rights of their citizens. Attacking the legal profession appears to be the final step in dismantling a system in which citizens can find recourse against unjust treatment by their own governments within the existing legal framework.

In Azerbaijan, the national parliament amended the ‘Code of Civil and Administrative Procedure’ and the ‘Bar Act’ in October 2017 to state that only members of the Azerbaijan Collegium of Advocates can represent clients in court, substantially cutting the proportion of lawyers to the population to one of the lowest rates in the region.[1]Furthermore, authorities summarily disbar prominent human rights lawyers and deny accreditation to junior advocates. Lawyers including Khalid Baghirov, Aslan Ismayilov, Alaif Hasanov, Elchin Namazov, Yalchin Imanov, Farhad Mehdiyev, Muzaffar Bakhshaliyev, Annaghi Hajibeyli, Aliabbas Rustomov, and Intigam Aliyev have all had their bar membership suspended or revoked shortly after raising human rights concerns on behalf of clients or criticizing the government.[2] Junior lawyers are unable to join the Collegium of Advocates due to its bias against lawyers connected to human rights cases. Samed Rahimli, known for taking on political contentious cases, describes his interviewers from the Collegium of Advocates as being openly hostile towards him and accusing him of trying to destroy the collegium. This systematic persecution of human rights lawyers has left the country with only six practicing human rights lawyers, according to Intigam Aliyev, a human rights lawyer previously jailed for his work.[3]

https://freedomhouse.org/article/systematic-repression-lawyers-central-asia-and-eastern-europe

https://freedomhouse.org/

https://www.ibanet.org/Human_Rights_Institute/Work_by_regions/Europe/Tajikistan-film.aspx

https://www.balcanicaucaso.org/eng/Areas/Azerbaijan/Azerbaijan-journalists-and-human-rights-activists-left-defenceless-190307

https://www.rferl.org/a/brother-of-former-ablyazov-lawyer-jailed-on-graft-charges-in-kazakhstan/29559028.html

Azerbaijan: ICJ intervenes before the European Court of Human Rights in a case concerning restrictions of lawyer’s rights

September 26, 2018

International Commission of Jurists

Today, the ICJ has presented a third party intervention before the European Court of Human Rights in Alayif Hasan oglu Hasanov v. Azerbaijan case.

In its submissions, the ICJ stresses that, while lawyers must perform their professional functions in conformity with ethical standards, the systems and procedures in respect of conditions of service, including in respect of admission to the profession and discipline, must not enforce such obligations in a way that impairs the exercise of human rights by lawyers or their capacity to effectively represent their clients.

The ICJ presented the submissions based on the jurisprudence of this Court as well as international standards governing the legal profession.

In particular, the submission addressed permissible restrictions of lawyers’ rights to respect for private (including professional) life under article 8 ECHR and to freedom of expression under article 10 ECHR, as well as the procedural safeguards required to apply such restrictions under article 6 ECHR.

https://www.icj.org/azerbaijan-icj-intervenes-before-the-european-court-of-human-rights-in-a-case-concerning-restrictions-of-lawyers-rights/

https://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home

https://lawyersforlawyers.org/en/oral-statement-on-upr-outcome-2/

https://www.coe.int/en/web/commissioner/view/-/asset_publisher/ugj3i6qSEkhZ/content/commissioner-mijatovic-intervenes-before-the-european-court-of-human-rights-in-the-case-of-emin-huseynov-v-azerbaijan

Azerbaijan: Intigam Aliyev c. Azerbaïdjan (CEDH)

le 20 septembre, 2018

Un avocat et défenseur des droits de l’homme accusé d’exploitation d’entreprise illégale, de détournement de fonds et de fraude fiscale, fait condamner 5 fois l’Azerbaïdjan.

(L’Observatoire des Avocats Facebook, 20/09/18)

Dépêches JurisClasseur – Actualités

Mercredi 26 Septembre 2018

Public 26-09-2018 Acharnement judiciaire contre un avocat militant des droits de l’homme La CEDH a jugé le 20 septembre 2018 que la détention d’un avocat défenseur des droits de l’homme accusé d’exploitation d’entreprise illégale, de détournement de fonds et de fraude fiscale visait à le réduire au silence et à le punir pour ses activités. Elle ne poursuivait aucun des buts légitimes prévus par la Convention EDH. Le parquet général d’Azerbaïdjan a ouvert une enquête contre l’un de ses ressortissants, un avocat. L’enquête porte sur des irrégularités présumées dans les activités financières d’un certain nombre d’organisations non gouvernementales, dont l’association du ressortissant visé par l’enquête. Des poursuites pénales furent engagées contre ce dernier pour exploitation d’entreprise illégale, fraude fiscale de grande ampleur et abus de pouvoir aggravé. Il est arrêté et placé en détention. Tous ses recours contre sa mise en détention furent écartés. Son domicile ainsi que le bureau qu’il occupait dans son association furent perquisitionnés et divers documents et objets furent saisis, dont des dossiers concernant des requêtes introduites devant la Cour. Les tribunaux internes rejetèrent les plaintes de l’intéressé selon lesquelles ces mesures étaient illégales. ll fut reconnu coupable et condamné à une peine de prison, avant d’être libéré. Il a introduit une requête devant la CEDH. Son procès fait l’objet d’une requête distincte. L’avocat azerbaïdjanais a soulevé plusieurs violations de la Convention EDH. Il a allégué que son état de santé était incompatible avec la détention et qu’il avait été privé de soins médicaux appropriés pendant son placement en détention (article 2 sur droit à la vie et article 3 sur l’interdiction des traitements inhumains et dégradants) ; s’est plaint de ses conditions de détention et de transfert vers le tribunal ; conteste la perquisition de son domicile et de son bureau (article 8 sur le droit au respect de la vie privée et familiale) ; considère que son arrestation et sa détention avaient porté atteinte à son droit découlant de l’article 11 (liberté de réunion et d’association) ; affirme que ses droits avaient été restreints à des fins autres que celles prévues par la Convention (article 18 sur la limitation de l’usage des restrictions aux droits). Dans son arrêt de chambre, la CEDH a estimé qu’il y a eu : – violation de l’article 3 (interdiction de la torture) de la Convention EDH relativement aux conditions de la détention provisoire du requérant, et non-violation de l’article 3 relativement aux soins qui lui ont été prodigués en détention et aux conditions de sa détention ultérieure ; – violation de l’article 5 § 1 (droit à la liberté et à la sûreté) du fait de l’absence de raisons plausibles de le soupçonner d’avoir commis une infraction pénale pour justifier sa détention ; – violation de l’article 5 § 4 (contrôle de la détention) à raison de l’absence de contrôle juridictionnel adéquat de la légalité de sa détention ; – violation de l’article 8 (droit au respect de la vie privée et des communications) du fait de la perquisition de son bureau et de son domicile ; – violation de l’article 18 (limitation de l’usage des restrictions aux droits) en ce que la Cour estime que les mesures prises contre le requérant visaient à le réduire au silence et à le punir pour ses activités de défense des droits de l’homme et ne poursuivaient aucun des buts légitimes prévus par la Convention. La Cour juge en particulier que cette affaire s’inscrit dans une « tendance troublante à l’arrestation et à la détention arbitraires de personnes critiques du gouvernement, de militants de la société civile et de défenseurs des droits de l’homme ». Elle appelle le Gouvernement à adopter des mesures pour protéger ces personnes en veillant à ce qu’elles ne fassent plus l’objet de poursuites en représailles à leurs activités ni d’un recours abusif au droit pénal.

Sources : CEDH, 20 sept. 2018, n° 68762/14, A. c. Azerbaïdjan

https://www.dalloz-actualite.fr/flash/violation-des-droits-d-un-avocat-defenseur-des-droits-de-l-homme#.W7YPB2gzbIU

http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng?i=001-186126   (ENGLISH)

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/case/case-history-intigam-aliyev (ENGLISH)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intiqam_Aliyev (ENGLISH)

https://www.meydan.tv/en/site/news/30563/ (ENGLISH)

http://oc-media.org/echr-rules-jailing-of-azerbaijani-rights-lawyer-politically-motivated/ (ENGLISH)

Azerbaijan: Statement in Support of Azerbaijani Human Rights Lawyer Elchin Sadigov

September 17, 2018

Civil Rights Defenders and International Partnership for Human Rights are gravely concerned to hear of new disciplinary proceeding launched against the Azerbaijani human rights lawyer Elchin Sadigov by the Bar Association of Azerbaijan. The proceedings are the latest step in the Azerbaijani state’s campaign to deny a livelihood to any lawyers willing to take politically sensitive cases and to dismantle protections for civil society in general.

The proceedings were launched at the request of a deputy prosecutor, who had removed Sadigov from the case of Yunus Safarov, a Russian citizen accused of the attempted murder of the head of the Ganja city executive authority. According to the prosecutor’s claim, Sadigov advised his client to manufacture claims of torture and inhumane treatment in order to create grounds for a case for the European Court of Human Rights.

The complaint seems to be based on confidential attorney-client discussions, apparently obtained through extralegal surveillance, and states the prosecutor “could not find any proof about the allegations about the inhuman treatment and torture [of Safarov].” As photographs of Safarov’s bloodied body circulated on social media shortly after his arrest in July, the independent media outlet Meydan TV quoted several sources naming the specific individuals who allegedly tortured Safarov, and the Azerbaijani justice system has a well-documented and long history of systemic torture and ill-treatment, the allegations are clearly ungrounded.

Following the recent disbarment or suspension of the other prominent human rights lawyers Yalchin Imanov, Fakhraddin Mehdiyev, Asabali Mustafayev, Irada Javadova, and Nemat Kerimli, Sadigov’s suspension or removal from the bar would leave the country of 10 million people with only five active human rights lawyers.

https://crd.org/2018/09/17/statement-in-support-of-azerbaijani-human-rights-lawyer-elchin-sadigov/

https://www.fidh.org/en/region/europe-central-asia/azerbaijan/statement-in-support-of-azerbaijani-human-rights-lawyer-elchin

https://www.irfs.org/news-feed/lawyer-elchin-sadigov-reports-being-threatened-and-harassed/

http://oc-media.org/azerbaijani-human-rights-lawyer-emin-aslan-jailed-for-30-days/

https://iwpr.net/global-voices/inside-azerbaijans-prisons-anatomy-corruption

http://webtv.un.org/meetings-events/watch/azerbaijan-upr-report-consideration-24th-meeting-39th-regular-session-human-rights-council/5837555997001/?term#t=42m15s

🇦🇿Watch new video. 20 Sep 2018 – As Azerbaijan underwent its 3rd Universal Periodic Review (UPR) cycle, and the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted the Azerbaijan’s UPR outcomes, the International Bar Association‘s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI) expressed concerns related to the lack of independence of lawyers in the country. The IBAHRI is particularly concerned by the ongoing harassment of lawyers working on human rights cases.

During the Azerbaijan UPR, the IBAHRI urged the Government of Azerbaijan to end the harassment of lawyers and ensure that the principle of independence of the legal profession is im.plemented in practice. A number of lawyers who have faced attacks were named including: 𝐘𝐚𝐥𝐜𝐡𝐢𝐧 𝐈𝐦𝐚𝐧𝐨𝐯, disbarred for raising the issue of torture of his imprisoned client; and 𝐍𝐞𝐦𝐚𝐭 𝐊𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐦𝐥𝐢 whose lawyer’s licence was suspended because of the critical statements he made to the media concerning a case on which he was working. 𝐄𝐥𝐜𝐡𝐢𝐧 𝐒𝐚𝐝𝐲𝐠𝐨𝐯 was also mentioned because his confidential conversation with his client was surreptitiously taped, and then moves were made to use the content against him when the Azerbaijani Prosecution addressed the Azerbaijani Bar Association with a request to consider his lawyer’s licence.

(International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute Facebook, 21/09/18)

Ukraine/Kazakhstan/Russia/Moldova: Defence for the defenders: Lawyers and attorneys under attack for participation in politically motivated cases

June 29, 2018

The right to defence is one of the fundamental human rights that is enshrined in a number of international agreements. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims the principle of equality of all before the law, the presumption of innocence, and the right to be examined openly and with all the requirements of justice by an independent and impartial court.

In order to exercise their right to defence, prosecuted persons must have full access to legal services provided by independent lawyers and attorneys. According to the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, everyone has the right to ask any lawyer for help in defending their rights and protecting them at all stages of criminal proceedings.

According to the opinion of the European Court of Human Rightslawyers play a key role in maintaining public confidence in the judicial system and act as intermediaries between the public and courts. Thus, they are an important element of the rule of law.

As noted in paragraph 16 of the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, governments shall ensure that lawyers are able to perform all of their professional functions in an environment free from intimidation and improper interference. Also, lawyers shall not be prosecuted or sanctioned for any acts committed as part of their professional duties.

Unfortunately, in countries where democratic institutions are poorly developed and the rule of law does not work, lawyers and attorneys often become victims of persecution as well as various kinds of pressure and restrictions. This especially concerns those who participate in politically motivated cases.

Lawyers and attorneys are attacked both by state institutions and authorities and by various criminals, against which the state is unable to protect them. This prosecution also involves professional associations that proclaim their aim to protect the rights and interests of lawyers, but are not independent of state bodies.

At the moment, there are no effective mechanisms for monitoring the interference of the state and other entities in the activities of lawyers and attorneys. The solution could consist of adopting a special document that would protect lawyers and attorneys at the international level.

The statutory goals of the Open Dialog Foundation provide for the protection of human rights, democracy, and the rule of law in the post-Soviet space. This report examines cases of harassment and attacks on lawyers and attorneys in countries such as Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine,and Turkey. The latter is not a post-Soviet state, but it is a member of the Council of Europe and therefore has international obligations in the field of standards of law, democratic development, the rule of law, and respect for human rights.

https://en.odfoundation.eu/a/8707,defence-for-the-defenders-lawyers-and-attorneys-under-attack-for-participation-in-politically-motivated-cases

#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer