Tag Archives: Italy

Afghan lawyers and judges in danger

24/01/23

Today, January 24, marks the Day of the Endangered Lawyer. As a Canadian lawyer I want to draw attention to the challenges facing some members of the legal profession in Afghanistan. Since the Taliban government assumed power in the country more than a year ago, the risk of retaliation and danger have only increased for many lawyers and judges, particularly women, advocates say.

For Nasrin (whose name has been changed to protect her identity), leaving Afghanistan was the last resort.

She had spent decades developing pioneering legislation and policies as a judge and legal advocate. When the Taliban took over in August 2021, everything changed. Facing death threats, she ultimately left. “I didn’t have any choice,” she told me. “I left my country, my house.” Now she and other legal activists are warning about the ever-increasing risks that lawyers and judges in the country still face and the need for countries like Canada to step up their efforts to help at-risk Afghans.

“If a woman wants to be a leader, like head of a court … it’s a very big position, but it is very dangerous,” Nasrin says.

Judges like Nasrin, as well as prosecutors, have been threatened with reprisals from the people they tried and the Taliban themselves. She is in contact with colleagues in the legal profession who remain in Afghanistan, and says the situation is worse than a year ago, as lawyers and judges fear for their safety.

“The first line is judges, the second line is defence lawyers and prosecutors … they are searching to find them,” she says.

The development of the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (AIBA) in 2008 was part of a broader effort to build a non-governmental body that would regulate the legal profession and provide resources to support lawyers and access to legal services. But in November 2021, it was dismantled by armed Taliban soldiers and the Ministry of Justice gained possession of the AIBA’s database, containing contact information of members. The organization is now relaunching itself in exile, from Brussels.

[…]

https://www.thelawyersdaily.ca/articles/43037/afghan-lawyers-and-judges-in-danger

https://amu.tv/en/33506/

International Day Of The Endangered Lawyer: “We Strongly And Unequivocally Condemn The Repressive Tendencies Of The Taliban Government In Afghanistan Towards Lawyers”- Maikyau

https://lso.ca/gazette/news/day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-2023?lang=en-ca

https://charidy.com/AfghanWomen (PLEASE CONTRIBUTE!)

https://zoom.us/rec/play/WXkxEyYXv5ZAen7O2varh9Ki_B7qCitqQjoNfZxmRrIZ6cITp1qWQ2dVYg1gYRYVLDVbuCHwW8XY1E3J.ZdDtRYfefnwmvALj

https://www.irishlegal.com/articles/afghan-women-judges-were-hunted-by-taliban-before-relocating-to-ireland

https://intr2dok.vifa-recht.de/receive/mir_mods_00014968

https://www.americanbar.org/advocacy/rule_of_law/blog/just-security-article-lawyers-under-threat/

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/global-rescue-effort-tries-to-help-afghans-female-judges-escape-the-taliban-regime

https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/news/outrage-as-afghan-judge-denied-permission-to-enter-uk/5114917.article

https://punchng.com/nba-president-demands-end-to-extrajudicial-killings/

https://acrobat.adobe.com/id/urn:aaid:sc:EU:08f72d25-58c0-446c-888a-b56489eeb4da?viewer%21megaVerb=group-discover#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer

https://www.darivoa.com/amp/lawyers-in-Afghanistan-face-threats/6933046.html (DARI)

https://www.pashtovoa.com/a/us-special-envoy-for-afghan-women-says-will-stand-with-afghan-lawyers/6933080.html (PASHTO)

https://www.lextimes.fr/actualites/avocats-en-danger/treizieme-edition-consacree-lafghanistan (FRANCAIS)

https://www.tdg.ch/de-nombreuses-avocates-sont-menacees-de-mort-par-les-talibans-911401131682

https://lso.ca/gazette/nouvelles/journee-de-l%E2%80%99avocat-en-danger-2023

https://www.lexisnexislegalawards.co.uk/website/9292/shortlist/

Day of the Endangered Lawyer 24th January 2023 13th edition – AFGHANISTAN

24/01/23

The 24th of January marks the annual International Day of the Endangered Lawyer. On 24 January 1977, 4 lawyers and a co-worker were murdered in Madrid. Since 2010, this date is remembered as The Day of the Endangered Lawyer with the purpose of increasing awareness about lawyers across the globe who are being harassed, silenced, pressured, threatened, persecuted and tortured because of their profession.

The 2023 edition aims to shed some light on the challenges faced by lawyers in Afghanistan.

The fall of the Taliban regime in November 2001 prompted the reconstruction, reform and modernisation of the war-torn Afghan judicial system and the legal profession. In 2008, the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (“AIBA”) was established. The AIBA administered the licensing and regulation of lawyers, promoted excellence and equal opportunity in the legal profession, trained future lawyers, and advanced the rule of law and social justice.

When the Afghan government fell in August 2021, two decades of progress were erased and the country’s judicial system collapsed. In November 2021, the Taliban’s Ministry of Justice issued a decree depriving the AIBA of its independence and its authority to grant licences to lawyers. Taliban forces started targeting lawyers who had previously worked on “sensitive” cases (e.g., cases involving the defence of human rights, including women’s rights, and other similar matters).

According to the AIBA, 7 lawyers have been killed since the dissolution of AIBA and 146 lawyers have been arrested or investigated.

[…]

https://www.aija.org/news/art311#:~:text=The%2024th%20of%20January%20marks,Day%20of%20the%20Endangered%20Lawyer.

https://www.jurist.org/commentary/2023/01/lawyers-and-the-legal-profession-face-extinction-in-afghanistan/

https://www.nycbar.org/media-listing/media/detail/day-of-the-endangered-lawyer-afghanistan-2023

https://tribune.com.pk/story/2397118/collapse-of-afghanistans-legal-system-is-human-rights-catastrophe-un-experts

https://www.lawsociety.ie/news/news/Stories/afghan-judges-speak

https://www.hilltimes.com/story/2023/01/23/progressive-afghan-women-in-dangerous-limbo-while-we-wring-our-hands-uselessly/361577/

https://www.cba.org/News-Media/Press-Releases/2023/Statement-from-the-CBA-President-Steeves-Bujold-on?lang=en-ca

https://www.camerepenali.it/cat/11783/giornata_internazionale_dellavvocato_minacciato_2023_24012023_-_focus_sull_afghanistan.html (ITALIANO)

https://www.cba.org/News-Media/Press-Releases/2023/Statement-from-the-CBA-President-Steeves-Bujold-on (FRANCAIS)

Afghanistan: Male judges and prosecutors left behind in ‘forgotten crisis’

17/01/23

The Taliban’s increasingly draconian policies in Afghanistan, the return to Sharia law and attacks on women’s rights have rightly drawn the world’s attention. However, almost 18 months after the Taliban seized power, there are growing calls to ensure that Afghan men, including those working in the legal profession, are also safe from harm.

Imogen Canavan, a Legal Consultant at the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law, has worked closely with the IBA and the International Association of Women Judges to evacuate vulnerable Afghans since August 2021. As part of these efforts, hundreds of female judges deemed to be at risk were evacuated alongside their families and have since been resettled in Canada, Australia, Germany, the UK, Ireland, New Zealand and Iceland.

While Canavan says these efforts are to be hugely commended, she’s increasingly concerned for the safety of male judges in Afghanistan who are now being forced to impose Sharia Law. ‘One of the focuses for me as a consequence of this work has been the male judges, because I feel like they’re a much bigger group,’ she says. ‘There are about 200 female judges, but there are about 2,000 male judges. What we see in terms of security risks for them is mostly kidnappings of the eldest son. They usually want the judge to present themselves to the Taliban in exchange for the son. Then often we anticipate that this would be likely to result in killing or certainly torture. There’s extortion as well.’

Safiya was an Afghan national working in the UK last August when the Taliban seized Kabul. Though she had no previous links to the legal profession, she, like Canavan, found herself fully immersed in the evacuation efforts. Safiya has watched in horror at how women have been steadily removed from nearly all areas of public life in Afghanistan, but says many male judges could be even more at risk than their female counterparts. ‘A lot of very well-known male judges were left behind,’ she says. ‘That’s the thing that upset me the most because all these men at the top of their field were getting in touch with me, but there was no evacuation mechanism for them. They’re the ones that are most in need now.’

Canavan says it was also a mistake that prosecutors weren’t deemed at risk enough to be evacuated by governments and humanitarian organisations in the wake of the Taliban takeover. ‘They are being attacked with knives and guns and their homes are being burnt down,’ she says. ‘Like legal academics, this group has not been prioritised, has been left behind and nobody’s thinking about them.’

[…]

https://www.ibanet.org/Afghanistan-Male-judges-and-prosecutors-left-behind

Click to access ILAC_Afghanistan_Report_2023-2.pdf

https://news.un.org/en/story/2023/01/1132662

https://www.lawsociety.ie/gazette/top-stories/2023/january/afghan-judges-to-speak-at-dublin-event

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/the-taliban-appear-to-be-making-kill-lists

https://news.un.org/fr/story/2023/01/1131517 (FRANCAIS)

https://www.barreaubruxelles.be/component/k2/item/1079-24-janvier-2023-conference-de-presse

Over 680 Law Professors, Activists Urge UN Action Over Iran Protests

24/10/22

A group of over 680 lawyers and senior law professors as well as activists from more than 20 countries urged immediate UN action to stop the violent suppression of Iran’s protesters. 

In a letter to the United Nations Secretary General António Guterres on Sunday, they called for measures to end widespread human rights violation by the Islamic Republic’s authorities, asking the body to urgently form an independent committee and call for a special session of the UN Human Rights Council to create a UN investigative and accountability mechanism on Iran government and religious authorities.

In addition to prominent activists, the signatories are law professionals, academicians, and attorneys from countries including Iran, Netherlands, Canada, US, UK, Israel, France, Denmark, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, and Australia. 

They said their letter is also aimed at raising awareness and sensitizing law professionals across the globe about what is going on in Iran, urging them to break their silence.

The law professionals also asked the UN to document human rights violation cases committed by the Islamic regime of Iran during the past few weeks, since the current wave of antigovernment protests started following the death in custody of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini. “Documentation is very important because it helps us identify patterns of violations and demand accountability of the perpetrators for systematic and premeditated abuses against peaceful protests.”

https://www.iranintl.com/en/202210249066

https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/lawyers-cut-hair-for-irans-amini-in-bars-general-assembly-177933

https://www.democracynow.org/2022/10/20/iranian_nobel_peace_prize_laureate_shirin

https://physicstoday.scitation.org/do/10.1063/PT.6.2.20221019a/full/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-63361813

https://www.lyonmag.com/article/126486/iran-les-avocats-de-lyon-se-mobilisent-ce-lundi (FRANCAIS)

https://www.le-tout-lyon.fr/repression-en-iran-les-avocats-du-barreau-de-lyon-en-soutien-au-peuple-115282.html

https://www.bfmtv.com/lyon/replay-emissions/bonsoir-lyon/les-avocats-rassembles-en-soutien-a-l-iran_VN-202210240662.html

https://www.sudinfo.be/id563032/article/2022-10-24/des-avocats-vervietois-manifestent-contre-les-violences-faites-aux-femmes-en

https://patrick-henry.avocats.be/?q=node/617

https://live.comune.venezia.it/node/52134 (ITALIANO)

https://www.camerepenali.it/cat/11653/la_solidariet%C3%A0_alle_colleghe_ed_ai_colleghi_iraniani.html

https://www.ordineavvocatimilano.it/it/news/giornata-europea-degli-avvocati-25-ottobre-2022/p100-n1606

Italy: Solidarietà all’Avv. Nadia Fiorani

30/08/22

La nota dell’Osservatorio Avvocati Minacciati e della Camera Penale di Piacenza.

La Camera Penale di Piacenza e l’Osservatorio Avvocati Minacciati UCPI  si esprimono, con un comunicato congiunto, in merito a quanto sta accadendo a Piacenza all’Avv. Nadia Fiorani.

La Collega, dal momento in cui ne è stata resa nota la nomina quale difensore d’ufficio del 27enne arrestato nei giorni scorsi a Piacenza e accusato di stupro, è stata bersaglio di numerosi commenti offensivi sui social networks. La Collega riferisce inoltre di aver ricevuto varie e-mail in cui viene attaccata ed insultata in relazione al suo ruolo: tali circostanze non solo la stanno indignando ma altresì le creano uno stato di timore per la propria incolumità, impedendole di svolgere il proprio compito in serenità.

I commenti e le comunicazioni hanno sostanzialmente il seguente tenore: “ci si dovrebbe vergognare a difendere un soggetto del genere, a cui non dovrebbe garantirsi difesa”… “lei stessa meriterebbe di essere vittima del medesimo crimine”, “anche un avvocato, pagato da noi, e donna!” e così via.

Prescindendo totalmente dal merito del processo, con il presente comunicato intendiamo manifestare la piena solidarietà alla Collega vittima di questi riprovevoli attacchi -purtroppo, sempre più frequenti, in un generale clima ostile in cui parte dell’opinione pubblica e i “leoni da tastiera” sono sempre più giustizialisti e spietati-, nonché ribadire alcuni fondamentali princìpi che guidano e caratterizzano la professione dell’avvocato.

Ricordiamo che “Il rispetto della funzione professionale dell’avvocato è una condizione essenziale dello Stato di diritto e di una società democratica. (….)” (Codice Deontologico degli Avvocati Europei, art.1.1.)

Inoltre, “Le autorità pubbliche assicurano che gli avvocati a) siano in grado di svolgere tutti i loro doveri professionali senza ostacolo, intimidazione, molestia o indebite interferenza” (Nazioni Unite, Principi Fondamentali relativi al Ruolo dell’Avvocato, principio 16). Secondo il successivo principio 18,  “Gli avvocati non saranno identificati con i loro clienti né con le cause dei loro clienti nell’esercizio delle loro funzioni”.

[…]

https://camerepenali.it/cat/11566/solidariet%C3%A0_allavv_nadia_fiorani.html

https://www.agi.it/cronaca/news/2022-08-24/hater-insulti-minacce-avvocato-uomo-stupro-piacenza-17840837/

https://www.ilpiacenza.it/attualita/minacce-inaccettabili-la-solidarieta-di-tarasconi-all-avvocato-fiorani.html

https://www.liberta.it/news/cronaca/2022/08/24/insultata-denigrata-e-minacciata-parla-lavvocato-del-27enne-arrestato/

https://www.reggionline.com/minacce-allavvocato-del-27enne-arrestato-lo-stupro-piacenza/

UK/Russia/Ukraine: Lawyer-bashing has a new target

27/04/22

Lawyer-bashing has long been a national pastime, with attacks regularly mounted by the press and politicians on ‘fat cat’ defence barristers and ‘activist’ legal aid lawyers for having the nerve to, er, do their job. 

But a new target has emerged – the alleged ‘enablers’ of oligarchs, whose cash was generally welcomed in London until Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

So it was that a panel of eminent investigative journalists queued up at the Frontline Club in London on Tuesday evening to pour scorn on claimant media lawyers as the pressure continues to build.

Some firms are ‘becoming the servants of the super-rich’ and using litigation to try and ‘silence a journalist for years’, said Clare Rewcastle Brown, whose work exposing corruption in Malaysia led to her being sued in London and elsewhere.

Paul Caruana Galizia, a reporter at Tortoise Media whose mother Daphne Caruana Galizia was murdered in Malta in 2017, said London lawyers are offering a ‘one-stop oligarch shop’ and, in certain cases, effectively ‘acting for an organised crime group’.

Even an officer of the court joined in, with Adelaide Lopez – a senior associate at Wiggin who recently represented journalist Catherine Belton – saying that ‘naming and shaming … is probably going to be more effective than anything the SRA is going to do’. Ouch.

Asked whether the Solicitors Regulation Authority has the ‘capacity or the competence’ to enforce potential new measures to stop so-called ‘lawfare’, Lopez and fellow lawyer Charlie Holt – UK campaigns manager for English PEN – answered in unison: ‘No.’

Perhaps even Gazette readers who deplore the criticism of lawyers for the clients they represent can agree on that one. 

https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/obiter/lawyer-bashing-has-a-new-target/5112297.article

https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/news/defence-counsel-backs-naming-and-shaming-oligarch-solicitors/5112287.article

https://www.bloombergquint.com/gadfly/banning-oligarch-lawyers-isn-t-the-answer-change-british-law

https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/why-dont-we-just-cancel-all-the-oligarch-lawyers/2022/04/26/4c388a90-c52f-11ec-8cff-33b059f4c1b7_story.html

https://www.barandbench.com/news/ukraine-v-russia-who-are-ukraines-lawyers-before-the-international-court-of-justice

(UKRAINIAN)

Colombia: Day of the Endangered Lawyer – Wrap up

24/01/22

May be an image of 1 person and text that says "24 January 2022 INTERNATIONAL DAY OF THE LAWYER IN DANGER COLOMBIA"

Along with the workaday perils of practising law that they share with their male counterparts, such as being gunned down in the street, Colombia’s women lawyers face threats that are particular to them. They could be raped, for example, or suffer another form of sexual assault that aims to intimidate and discourage them from doing their job – which is representing and protecting the vulnerable through the rule of law. Also, women lawyers’ children may be threatened with violence or press ganged into a guerrilla army, where the only subject on the curriculum – Marxist precepts apart – is how to kill.

These are some of the stark truths to emerge from this year’s Day of the Endangered Lawyer (24 January) panel discussion chaired by Law Society international human rights adviser Doctor Marina Brilman. Previous discussions have looked at other countries where the rule of law no longer holds sway, such as Azerbajan, Turkey, Pakistan and Egypt. This year’s focus is on the South American republic of Colombia, where the 2016 peace agreement was supposed to have ended the 60 year conflict between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the state.

The conflict claimed around 262,000 lives, displaced 6.9m people, saw around 18,000 children forced to join armed groups and many thousands more people ‘disappeared’, raped or tortured. The optimism engendered by the agreement has failed to bear fruit, as the three Colombian lawyers on the panel report.

Dora Lucy Arias Giraldo is a member of Colombia’s leading human rights lawyers’ collective. She begins: ‘The Colombian constitution states that it is the duty of lawyers to promote human rights and represent the vulnerable. And yet the government, working through its own intelligence organisations, has an active strategy of diminishing and weakening our operations through attacks on our children and sexual violence against our (women lawyers’) bodies.’ She concedes: ‘There are protection measures in place regarding gender, but they are under-funded – a particular problem when trying to bring powerful economic players to justice.’

Ana Maria Rodriguez, who is also a human rights lawyer, warns that Colombia’s ‘entire existence as a social justice state’ is under threat. She points to recent ‘reforms’ that were designed specifically to weaken the remit of both public prosecutors and the ombudsman, while increasing the power of the executive to turn a blind eye to government corruption.

[…]

https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/commentary-and-opinion/day-of-the-endangered-lawyer/5111266.article

https://www.americanbar.org/news/abanews/aba-news-archives/2022/01/statement-of-aba-president-reginald-turner-re-day-of-the-endange/

https://france3-regions.francetvinfo.fr/auvergne-rhone-alpes/rhone/lyon/journee-internationale-des-avocats-en-danger-le-barreau-de-lyon-denoncent-la-situation-de-leurs-conferes-colombiens-2431921.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.leprogres.fr/societe/2022/01/24/journee-de-l-avocat-en-danger-a-lyon-une-tradition-de-defense-des-droits-de-l-homme

https://www.camerepenali.it/cat/11306/24_gennaio_2022_-_giornata_dell_avvocato_minacciato.html (ITALIANO)

May be an image of text that says "HANDS ELAWYERS CONVEGNO MB Golombia DIFENDERE minacciati OGNI COSTO Colombia nel mondo WEBINAR Venerdì gennaio 2022, ZOOM Saluti Federica SANTINON Presidente Presidente Renato Avv. STELLA Dott.ssa Avvocati Venezia Fondazione Feliciano Benvenuti NOLI Avv. Tiziana CESCHIN, Consigliera Campus Human Introduce delega diritti umani Consiglio Presiede Federico CAPPELLETTI Consigliere Coordinatore Commissione Avvocati Venezia dell'Ordine Intervengono Dott.ssa generale Colombia" Colombia testimonianza Ilruolo Droits processi Diritti Presidente Trarieux" Go-responsabile Osservatorio Avvocati CANESTRINI Committee European Criminal Italia Association Video-testimonianza Premio Rommel formativi CASTELLANOS, avvocato CONILPATROCINIODI colombiano, fini della ormazione obbligatoria Avvocati con riconoscimento lin. 3 obbligatorie. Prenotazione obbligatoria attraverso portale della Fondazione Feliciano EyBA"

Colombia: Day of the Endangered Lawyer – select tweets

24/01/22

Image

Colombia/UK etc: At risk for upholding the law: Day of the Endangered Lawyer

24/01/22

Lawyers are being arbitrarily arrested, prosecuted and convicted, as well as forcibly disappeared and even killed in countries across the world because of their work upholding the rule of law, the Law Society of England and Wales said to mark the day of the endangered lawyer on 24 January.

Law Society president I. Stephanie Boyce said: “We honour the courage and commitment of lawyers around the world who put their lives at risk so that people’s rights are protected and those who violate them are held accountable.

“Today we think particularly of our colleagues in Afghanistan who helped build the justice system and bring stability to the country under the former government. Since the Taliban took power some have tragically been killed because of the work they did, a few managed to escape, but far too many are in hiding, at risk from not only the Taliban but also from terrorists and criminals they convicted since released from prison.

“The Law Society stands in solidarity with legal professionals around the world. We will continue to work to support them and to contribute to building strong, fair justice systems everywhere.”

https://www.lawsociety.org.uk/contact-or-visit-us/press-office/press-releases/at-risk-for-upholding-the-law

https://www.uianet.org/en/actions/12th-day-endangered-lawyer-focus-colombia

https://www.naiz.eus/en/info/noticia/20220124/colombia-entre-los-paises-mas-peligrosos-para-los-abogados (ESPANOL)

(FRANCAIS)

https://www.avocatparis.org/actualites/journee-internationale-de-lavocat-en-danger-en-colombie

https://protect-lawyers.org/es/colombia/

www.defendre.eu/pdf/RapportObservatoireCOLOMBIE240122.pdf

https://actu.fr/auvergne-rhone-alpes/lyon_69123/lyon-pourquoi-les-avocats-vont-ils-manifester-en-robe-devant-le-nouveau-palais-de-justice_48090635.html

https://lesaf.org/journee-de-lavocat-en-danger-mobilisons-nous-massivement-sur-les-reseaux-sociaux-le-24-janvier-a-11h-en-publiant-une-photo-de-vous-avec-le-protectcolombianlawyer/

(ITALIANO)

https://www.jrf.org.tw/articles/2208%E2%80%8B (MANDARIN)

https://www.icab.cat/ca/actualitat/noticies/noticia/Les-Comissions-de-Defensa-i-de-Justicia-Penal-Internacional-de-lICAB-sadhereixen-al-manifest-del-Dia-de-lAdvocacia-Amenacada-2022/ (CATALON)

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May be an image of 3 people, people standing and text that says "JOURNÉE DE L'AVOCATEN DANGER APPEL À MANIFESTER LUNDI 24 JANVIER 2022 À 13H DEVANT L'AMBASSADE DE COLOMBIE Cette année, pour la deuxième fois la Journée de l'Avocat en Danger est dédiée la Colombie, où la persécution des avocats continue, empêchant nos confrères d'exercer librement leur profession. a. AVOCATS.BE"
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May be an image of 1 person, outdoors and text that says "24 de enero de 2022 DIA DE LA ABOGACÍA EN RIESGO COLOMBIA"

Turkey: Lawyers from around the world announce support for Progressive Lawyers Association

05/01/22

The three-day hearing of the ÇHD case began today at the Silivri Prison Complex in İstanbul.

Several lawyers’ groups from around the world, including France’s National Bar Council and bar associations of Berlin, Amsterdam, Brussels and Bologna have announced support for the Progressive Lawyers Association, whose members have been on trial for seven years.

“We wholeheartedly and without reservation support you in your request for acquittal and immediate release,” the groups said in the letter.

The ÇHD İstanbul Chair read out a letter sent by the organizations at today’s (January 5) hearing of the ÇHD case.

The hearing of 22 lawyers from the ÇHD and the People’s Law Bureau (HHB) will take place at the Silivri Prison Complex Courtroom between today and January 7.

Two of the defendants, ÇHD Chair Selçuk Kozağaçlı and lawyer Barkın Timtik, have been remanded in custody for five years.

The prosecutor who was on September 15 appointed to the case that has been continuing for seven years and submitted their opinion as to the accusations on November 17, demanding the punishment of Kozağaçlı for “managing an illegal organization” and the other defendants for “being a member of an illegal organization.”

Full text of the letter by the lawyers’ groups:

“With this letter, we would like to support you in the hearings of January 5, 6 and 7, 2021, which will take place before the 18th Chamber of the High Criminal Court of Istanbul.

“We have observed the hearings of this trial between 2013 and 2021 and have conducted fact-finding missions on several occasions. It is clear from our observations and investigations that the trial against you is essentially political, has not met the guarantees of a fair trial, and has directly undermined the independence of lawyers.

[…]

https://bianet.org/english/law/255800-lawyers-from-around-the-world-announce-support-for-progressive-lawyers-association

https://www.ludovictrarieux.org/uk-page3.callplt2020.htm

https://bianet.org/bianet/insan-haklari/255773-adil-yargilanma-hakki-icin-yaninizdayiz (TURKCE)

https://penceretv.com/guncel/chd-baskani-kozagacli-ve-timtike-yine-tahliye-cikmadi-159410h

https://www.karar.com/guncel-haberler/chd-davasinda-kozagacli-ve-timtikin-tutukluluguna-devam-karari-1646213

https://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/droits-de-l-homme-les-deux-soeurs-timtik-distinguees-par-des-avocats-europeens-20200924 (FRANCAIS)