Tag Archives: Ukraine

Ukraine/Kazakhstan/Russia/Moldova: Defence for the defenders: Lawyers and attorneys under attack for participation in politically motivated cases

June 29, 2018

The right to defence is one of the fundamental human rights that is enshrined in a number of international agreements. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims the principle of equality of all before the law, the presumption of innocence, and the right to be examined openly and with all the requirements of justice by an independent and impartial court.

In order to exercise their right to defence, prosecuted persons must have full access to legal services provided by independent lawyers and attorneys. According to the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, everyone has the right to ask any lawyer for help in defending their rights and protecting them at all stages of criminal proceedings.

According to the opinion of the European Court of Human Rightslawyers play a key role in maintaining public confidence in the judicial system and act as intermediaries between the public and courts. Thus, they are an important element of the rule of law.

As noted in paragraph 16 of the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, governments shall ensure that lawyers are able to perform all of their professional functions in an environment free from intimidation and improper interference. Also, lawyers shall not be prosecuted or sanctioned for any acts committed as part of their professional duties.

Unfortunately, in countries where democratic institutions are poorly developed and the rule of law does not work, lawyers and attorneys often become victims of persecution as well as various kinds of pressure and restrictions. This especially concerns those who participate in politically motivated cases.

Lawyers and attorneys are attacked both by state institutions and authorities and by various criminals, against which the state is unable to protect them. This prosecution also involves professional associations that proclaim their aim to protect the rights and interests of lawyers, but are not independent of state bodies.

At the moment, there are no effective mechanisms for monitoring the interference of the state and other entities in the activities of lawyers and attorneys. The solution could consist of adopting a special document that would protect lawyers and attorneys at the international level.

The statutory goals of the Open Dialog Foundation provide for the protection of human rights, democracy, and the rule of law in the post-Soviet space. This report examines cases of harassment and attacks on lawyers and attorneys in countries such as Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine,and Turkey. The latter is not a post-Soviet state, but it is a member of the Council of Europe and therefore has international obligations in the field of standards of law, democratic development, the rule of law, and respect for human rights.

https://en.odfoundation.eu/a/8707,defence-for-the-defenders-lawyers-and-attorneys-under-attack-for-participation-in-politically-motivated-cases

#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer

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Ukraine: Committee on protection of advocate’s rights addressed international partners on violations of advocate`s rights

August 20, 2018

UNBA was addressed by the defence counsel of advocate Bogatyr V.V. on the violation of their professional rights and professional guarantees of advocate Bogatyr V.V. by the officers of the General Prosecutor’s Office of Ukraine.

Committee on protection of advocate’s rights and professional guarantees carried out an inspection of the provided facts and established their credibility.

On the results of the carried-out inspection the Committee on behalf of UNBA addressed the UN Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, International Bar Association (IBA), The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) and Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) in connection to the violations of professional guarantees of advocate Bogatyr Volodymyr Viktorovich and professional rights of his defence counsel.

The appeal to international organisations was sent by the UNBA President Lidiia Izovitova.

In particular, violations consisted of paragraph 13, Part 1 of article 23 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Bar and Practice of Law” and paragraph 1, part 1 of article 481 of Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine, which specify an advocate as a special category of persons, to which a special procedure of criminal proceedings exists, it provides that a written report of a suspected criminal offense by an advocate may be made exclusively by the Prosecutor General of Ukraine, his/her deputy, the prosecutor of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, the region and the cities of Kyiv and Sevastopol.

http://en.unba.org.ua/activity/news/3489-committee-on-protection-of-advocate-s-rights-addressed-international-partners-on-violations-of-advocate-s-rights.html

http://en.unba.org.ua/activity/news/3471-on-july-17-2018-there-was-held-a-special-meeting-of-the-committee-on-protection-of-advocate-s-rights-and-professional-guarantees.html

http://en.unba.org.ua/

Ukraine: THE DNIPROPETROVSK POLICE HAVE ATTACKED A WOMAN LAWYER. VIDEO

August 11, 2018

На Днепропетровщине полицейские напали на женщину-адвоката. Видео

The police lawyer was pushing, grasping hands, beat up, thrown on the pavement and closed her eyes before the doors of the state institutions.

In Krivoy Rog in the performance of professional duties suffered by the lawyer Oksana Ragozin. The incident occurred on August 9 in the investigation Department GU of the national police building on the Danube, where it arrived together with his client, reports the press service of the Committee for the protection of the rights of advocates of the bar Council of Dnipropetrovsk region, reports the online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to the Correspondent.

Provided that the lawyer together with the defendant came to the investigation Department of police submitted the documents and checked into the visitor log. But the police pushed her out of the building, throwing on the pavement and closed the door. At the same time, her client was forced into the police building.

“The police lawyer was pushing, grasping hands, beat up, thrown on the pavement and closed her eyes before the doors of the state institutions”, – stated in the Committee.

Reportedly, the police knew exactly what was in front of them a lawyer, because they had filed the relevant documents confirming its status. Ragozin also showed a document confirming his / her authority in the case.

https://bobrtimes.com/the-dnipropetrovsk-police-have-attacked-a-woman-lawyer-video/86174/

Azerbaijan/Kazakhstan/Ukraine: Side Event: Defenceless defenders: addressing the attacks on lawyers in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Ukraine

June 22, 2018

This side event at the Human Rights Council takes place on Tuesday, 26 June, 14:00-15:00, room XXVII of the Palais des Nations.  It is organized by the ICJ and the International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute (IBAHRI).

In recent years, lawyers have increasingly been targeted across the world including Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Attempts to impede the work of lawyers through arbitrary disbarments and other disciplinary procedures, criminal or administrative proceedings, physical attacks or intimidation have become an unfortunate new normality in many lawyers’ work.

Lawyers are too often identified with their clients’ cause or specifically targeted in violation of their right to freedom of expression. This side event will discuss challenges faced by lawyers in defending human rights in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.

Moderator: Róisín Pillay, ICJ Europe and CIS Programme Director

Speakers:

  • Helene Santos, Senior Fellow–UN Liaison Officer in Geneva for the IBAHRI
  • Fariz Namazov, Lawyer, Member of the Azerbaijan Bar Association
  • Hanna Boryak, Lawyer, Chair of the Committee for the Protection of Advocates’ Rights and advocacy at the Ukrainian National Bar Association
  • Iurii Grygorenko, Lawyer, member of the Committee for the Protection of Advocates’ Rights and Advocacy at the Ukrainian National Bar Association
  • Temur Shakirov, ICJ Senior Legal Adviser Europe and CIS Programme

https://www.icj.org/side-event-defenceless-defenders-addressing-the-attacks-on-lawyers-in-azerbaijan-kazakhstan-and-ukraine/

#HRC38 | Side Event at UN Geneva on « Defenceless #defenders: addressing the attacks on #lawyers in #Azerbaijan#Kazakhstan and #Ukraine » organised by the International Commission of Jurists and International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute

(Red Internacional de Derechos Humanos 26/6/18)

Ukraine/CCBE: Расширенное создание

13/02/18

№ 7 (1051)

Парламентская ассамблея Совета Европы (ПАСЕ) приняла рекомендацию с призывом к Комитету министров подготовить и принять документ под названием «European Convention on the Profession of Lawyer» (Европейская конвенция о профессии юриста). Об этом сообщается на сайте Совета адвокатур и юридических обществ Европы (CCBE). Инициатива разработать такой документ была высказана еще в конце 2016 года, но сейчас она получила большую поддержку. Западные адвокаты требуют учесть при принятии документа практику Европейского суда по правам человека, а также основоположные акты International Bar Association и CCBE. Возможность присоединиться к документу должны иметь и государства, не входящие в Совет Европы.

Необходимость разработки конвенции вызвана как нарушениями прав адвокатов, так и попытками на законодательном уровне пересмотреть границы их свободы. Резонансные события вроде Panama Papers, как отмечает Рутвен Геммель (Ruthven Gemmell), президент CCBE, показали, что «гарантии и профессиональные обязательства могут быть поставлены под сомнение из-за недоразумений и изменения политических приоритетов». Речь, в частности, идет об инициативах по сужению границ адвокатской тайны. Также опасения вызывают упрощенные судебные процедуры, в том числе заочные. «Нельзя отрицать, что политики должны проявлять инициативу и добиваться борьбы с нарушениями, но это не должно причинять ущерб принципам юридической профессии», — считает глава профессиональной организации.

Сделать обязательным

Представление о целях разрабатываемой конвенции дает отчет «The case for drafting a European convention on the profession of lawyer» от 15 декабря 2017 года, подготовленный в рамках Комитета ПАСЕ по правовым вопросам и правам человека.

Конвенция должна придать обязательную силу тем принципам, которые и так стали общепризнанными. Существующие документы, в том числе Рекомендация № R (2000) 21 Комитета министров государствам-членам о свободе осуществления профессии адвоката (Рекомендация), не были в полной мере эффективными в вопросах защиты адвокатов. Недостаточная эффективность Рекомендации подтверждается нарушениями прав адвокатов как в нашей стране, так и в Боснии и Герцеговине, Польше, Молдове, Грузии и Турции. Наибольшее возмущение вызывают факты убийств адвокатов без надлежащего расследования, допрос адвокатов по делам их клиентов и злоупотребление дисциплинарными производствами.

Предполагается, что ряд положений Рекомендации будет перенесен в конвенцию. Кроме того, острым является вопрос об обеспечении применимости норм. «Нужен механизм защиты на европейском уровне, хотя и в более простой, более быстрой и более непосредственной форме, чем Конвенция о защите прав человека и основоположных свобод», — говорится в документе «Вклад CCBE в предлагаемую Европейскую конвенцию о профессии юриста» (CCBE contribution on the proposed European Convention on the Profession of Lawyer) от 15 сентября 2017 года. Из данного отчета можно узнать о возможной структуре и содержании конвенции.

http://pravo.ua/article.php?id=100116785

(This article, in Russian, deals with lawyers’ rights and the recent draft of the European Convention on the Profession of Lawyer.)

http://www.ccbe.eu/fileadmin/speciality_distribution/public/documents/Events/20180124_Side_Event/EN_Why-a-European-Convention-on-the-profession-of-lawyer-is-needed.pdf (ENGLISH)

https://dyyad.blogspot.fr/2018/02/dyyads-proposal-on-drafting-of-european.html (ENGLISH)

https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/law/endangered-lawyers-council-of-europe-body-votes-on-convention/5064492.article (ENGLISH)

Ukraine: New Footage Shows Final Hours Of Slain Ukrainian Lawyer

January 17, 2018

Iryna Nozdrovska is seen in a photograph that was placed near her coffin in her hometown of Demydiv on January 9.

Iryna Nozdrovska’s trip home on December 29 should have been routine: a short walk from her Kyiv office to a subway station, then a 31-minute ride north before taking a bus to the village of Demydiv, where it stops 150 meters from her home.

But the crusading human rights lawyer never made it.

Her body was found on New Year’s Day floating in the shallow Kozka River just a kilometer down the road. She had been stabbed multiple times in what police described as a “violent death” and “revenge killing.”

On January 17, the Interior Ministry and police released security-camera footage showing the last images and movements of Nozdrovska, who was 38.

The video, published on the personal Facebook page of Interior Ministry spokesman Artem Shevchenko, shows Nozdrovska walking in a heavily policed government district at about 3:40 p.m., before arriving at the Khreshchatyk metro station two minutes later. Nozdrovska, wearing a brown winter coat, does not appear to be in distress in the footage.

https://www.rferl.org/a/new-footage-shows-slain-ukrainian-lawyer-final-hours-nozdrovska/28981055.html

https://www.unian.info/politics/2346818-weeks-milestones-breakthrough-of-national-police-groysmans-economy-and-elements-of-influence.html

http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/477161.html

https://www.ukrinform.net/rubric-polytics/2380510-uk-calls-for-thorough-investigation-into-case-of-nozdrovska.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iryna_Nozdrovska

Ukraine: Abroskin says suspected killer of rights defender Nozdrovska has no regrets

January 9, 2018

The man detained on Jan. 8 on the suspicion of murdering lawyer and human rights defender Iryna Nozdrovska says he has no regrets, Ukrainian National Police first deputy head Viacheslav Abroskin said.

“There was absolutely no confession. We identified the suspect exclusively by means of the aggregate of material evidence. In the course of the post-detention interview, I personally spoke with the individual we implicate in this crime. This man made no confession and has no intention to express his regret,” Abroskin said on Facebook on Jan. 9 morning.

https://www.kyivpost.com/ukraine-politics/abroskin-says-suspected-killer-rights-defender-nozdrovska-no-regrets.html

http://www.nydailynews.com/newswires/news/world/funeral-held-ukrainian-lawyer-found-stabbed-river-article-1.3746500

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/europe/ukraine-claims-it-has-caught-killer-of-campaigning-lawyer-1.3350161

https://www.rferl.org/a/mourners-pay-respects-ukraine-slain-lawyer-iryna-nozdrovska/28964743.html

https://www.ukrinform.net/rubric-society/2379014-president-thanks-police-for-solving-lawyer-nozdrovskas-murder.html

https://tsarizm.com/news/2018/01/09/ukrainian-attorneys-killer-arrested/

https://www.kyivpost.com/ukraine-politics/nozdrovskas-daughter-believes-murder-case-overseen-people.html

http://www.ccbe.eu/fileadmin/speciality_distribution/public/documents/HUMAN_RIGHTS_LETTERS/Ukraine_-_Ukraine/2018/EN_HRL_20180110_Ukraine_Concerns-regarding-the-murder-of-lawyer-Iryna-Nozdrovska.pdf

http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/476357.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iryna_Nozdrovska

http://www.abogacia.es/2018/01/09/comunicado-del-observatorio-para-la-abogacia-en-riesgo-por-el-asesinato-de-la-abogada-ucraniana-iryna-nozdrovska/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.ukrinform.es/rubric-crime/2378562-el-hombre-detenido-por-el-asesinato-de-nozdrovska-recibe-la-notificacion-de-sospecha.html (ESPANOL)

http://www.ukraine-journal.de/mordfall-nozdrovska-mutmasslicher-morder-fur-2-monate-in-untersuchungshaft/ (DEUTSCH)