Tag Archives: Argentina

Iranian Lawyers Warn Judiciary Over Defendant’s Rights Abuses


A group of 45 Iranian lawyers and law professors has published an open letter objecting to the deprivation of fundamental rights for defendants amid a deadly government crackdown following months of unrest over the death of a young woman while in police custody for how she was wearing a head scarf.

Signed by Mohsen Borhani, Houshang Pourbabaei, Soheila Rajabpour, Farideh Gheirat, Javad Kashani, and Ali Mojtahedzadeh, the letter, addressed to the country’s judiciary and published on January 18, emphasizes that the right to freely choose a lawyer — which many of the thousands detained during the unrest have complained about — is recognized by the constitution and failing to honor such basic rights in security and political cases presents “a legal dilemma and challenge.”

Iran has been rocked by the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini in unrest marked by unprecedented shows of defiance by women and schoolgirls in what appears to be the biggest threat to the Islamic government since the 1979 revolution.

The brutal government crackdown on public demonstrators and dissent has seen several thousand people arrested and most of them forced to use lawyers from a list approved by Iran’s judiciary chief. The lawyers on the list are court-approved and have either collaborated with the state security establishment or do not have the resources to defend their clients, according to the Center for Human Rights In Iran (CHRI).

More than 500 people have been killed in the crackdown, according to rights groups. Several thousand more have been arrested, including many protesters, as well as journalists, lawyers, activists, digital rights defenders, and others.

Some lawmakers have demanded a harsh response to the unrest, saying heavy penalties, including death sentences, are warranted for protesters.

CHRI said on January 10 that at least 44 lawyers had been arrested since September to block their ability to seek justice for arbitrarily arrested activists and protesters. Eighteen remain in detention, and the rest have been released on bail but potentially will still face charges, CHRI said in a news release.







Argentina: Judicial harassment against human rights lawyer Nadia Schujman


The human rights lawyer Dr. Nadia Schujman has been suffering judicial persecution and a smear campaign due to her previous work as Director of the Police Control Agency of the Santa Fe province, in Argentina. In a process marked by irregularities, lack of transparency and lack of due diligence, Schujman is being accused of illegal surveillance and illegal association together with other eight employers of the Ministry of Security of Santa Fe.

Dr. Nadia Schujman is a human rights lawyer and woman human rights defender, working for more than 20 years for the rights to memory and truth in crimes against humanity, committed during the civil-military dictatorship in Argentina. Dr. Schujman provides legal assistance and representation to victim’s families and survivors of human rights violations in the country, and has also played an important role in various national and regional human rights campaigns on memory, justice and reparation. She is currently part of the legal team in the civil society organization H.I.J.O.S1. In 2019, Dr. Schujman attended Front Line Defenders’ flagship event, the Dublin Platform, in Dublin, Ireland.

In addition to her legal work related to human rights violations committed during the dictatorship period, since 2009 Dr. Schujman held different roles in the Human Rights Secretariat of Santa Fe. In January 2020, she was named the Director of the Police Control Agency for almost two years. Dr. Schujman lead investigations about abuses, violations and irregularities committed by police officers, including some cases also related to local politicians and other public officials, until she resigned the position in November 2021.



https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/es/statement-report/statement-argentina-judicial-harassment-against-human-rights-lawyer-nadia-schujman (ESPANOL)




Argentina/Iran/Israel: Justin Webster Sheds Light on the Alberto Nisman Case in New Documentary Series

September 23, 2019


On Jan. 14, 2015 prosecutor Alberto Nisman went on TV to accuse Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of negotiating the impunity of Iranians accused of the Buenos Aires’ 1994 AMIA bombing, the biggest terrorist attack in the Western hemisphere before 9/11.

“There was an alliance with terrorists, negotiation with a state that bought the terrorists and the terrorists themselves,” said a dapper Nisman, in the interview which appears in the early stretch of Justin Webster’s deeply-caring, meticulous “The Prosecutor, the President and the Spy,” a six-hour doc series which world premiered Monday at Spain’s San Sebastian Film Festival.

Four days later, and on the eve of testifying in court, where he promised decisive proof of the collusion, Nisman was found dead in his bathroom with a single shot to the head. His death reverberated around the world.

Immediately, Kirchner is accused of ordering Nisman’s murder. She denounces the man described in “The Prosecutor” as Argentina’s Rasputin, the fearsome Antonio Horacio “Jaime” Stiuso, a spy with close links to the CIA and Mossad, of conspiring against her.

Produced by Barcelona’s Justin Webster Productions and Fasten Films, Berlin’s Gebrueder Beetz Filmproduktion and backed by Movistar+, ZDFinfo and DR,  “The Prosecutor, the President and the Spy” is “a story of ambition, corruption and espionage which unfolds, with rival narratives of good and evil, of suicide or murder, and of truth itself, around a body found in a bathroom, with enormous international resonance,” its makers say.

“The Prosecutor” will be “an earthquake” in Argentina, predicts San Sebastian Festival director José Luis Rebordinos.

It is also Webster’s most original and most ambitious series to date – building on “Death in Leon,” the Emmy-winning “Six Dreams” and HBO España’s “The Pioneer” – marking the full emergence of an auteur and the creative and industrial potential of a form of story-telling with which he admits he’s obsessed: Cinematic non-fiction series.

Justin Webster Sheds Light on the Alberto Nisman Case in New Documentary Series

Senate committee commemorates 25th anniversary of Jewish center bombing in Argentina



https://www.clarin.com/espectaculos/tv/caso-alberto-nisman-muerte-llego-festival-san-sebastian-serie-fiscal-presidenta-espia_0_bNSwCcNJ.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/internacionales/501930-atentados-argentina-iran-impunidad/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.losandes.com.ar/article/view?slug=el-senado-no-quiere-tratar-el-pedido-de-desafuero-a-cristina (ESPANOL)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)

Argentina/Iran/Israel: Latin American Jews still don’t have justice 25 years after the AMIA massacre

July 15, 2019


In any crime against a community, certain things must happen to provide some measure of healing and redemption.

But as we approach the 25th anniversary of the horrific bombing of the AMIA Jewish center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, these necessary steps have not taken place.

Despite years of activity and rhetoric, justice has not been achieved for the victims, their families and Latin American Jewry — 85 people were killed and 300 injured. Argentines have not been brought together in solidarity with the Jewish community, and the government has not instilled a measure of confidence that such a devastating event will be prevented from ever happening again.

Because of this reality, a feeling exists all these years later that the terror is being relived constantly rather than being put behind them.

Early on, it became clear that Iran, through its terrorist proxy Hezbollah, was responsible for the bombing. Hezbollah had been active in the anarchic border among Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil known as the Triple Frontier.

Interpol made clear that it suspected high-level officials in the Iranian regime as being the masterminds of the plot. In 2007, red alerts were issued for former Foreign Minister Ahmad Vahidi and other Iranian officials. Disappointingly, Interpol did not issue similar alerts for former officials such as Ali Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar Velayati and Hadi Soleimanpour, the ex-ambassador to Argentina.

Meanwhile, different Argentine governments and judiciaries mismanaged or politicized the matter and never truly followed up to bring those responsible to justice.

The investigation reached a low during the presidency of Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner between 2007 and 2013. A special prosecutor, Alberto Nisman, was appointed and, according to reports, he allegedly found Kirchner and other members of her government guilty of complicity with the Iranians to cover up the Iranian role in the bombing. The day before Nisman was scheduled to issue his findings, he was found dead in his apartment.

Kircher’s government quickly claimed it was a suicide, but it soon became apparent that Nisman had been murdered.

Latin American Jews still don’t have justice 25 years after the AMIA massacre



Argentina, Iran, and the Enduring Mystery Surrounding the Death of a Special Prosecutor












The Men Responsible for the AMIA Bombing Are Known—and Still at Large


http://elmed.io/matanza-de-la-amia-25-anos-de-impunidad/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.france24.com/es/20190711-fernandez-declara-juicio-pacto-argentina-iran (ESPANOL)

https://www.infobae.com/politica/2019/07/10/chicanas-y-una-diferencia-con-cristina-kirchner-en-torno-a-la-denuncia-de-nisman-la-declaracion-de-alberto-fernandez-sobre-el-pacto-con-iran/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.lavoz.com.ar/politica/caso-nisman-unico-imputado-como-participe-del-crimen-diego-lagomarsino-trabaja-como-perito- (ESPANOL)

https://www.lanacion.com.ar/editoriales/hezbollah-y-el-terrorismo-nid2267464 (ESPANOL)

https://fr.timesofisrael.com/un-responsable-de-wahington-promet-daccroitre-la-pression-sur-liran/ (FRANCAIS)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)


June 19, 2019

The AMIA terror attack on the social services hub of the Argentine Jewish community remains the largest terrorist attack in Latin America.

RESCUE WORKERS search for survivors and victims in the rubble left after a powerful car bomb destroy

Next month will mark the 25th anniversary of the bombing of the AMIA building in Buenos Aires, which took the lives of 85 people and injured more than 300. The attack on the social services hub of the Argentine Jewish community remains the largest terrorist attack in Latin America. Memorial services marking a quarter century since the attack will begin this month.

To this day, justice has not been served to the victims and their families.

For three years in the wake of the attack, the judge heading the inquiry produced 22 arrests – mostly Buenos Aires provincial policemen – and a trial that, in the end, amounted to nothing more than a diversionary wild goose chase. A representative of our organization attended every day of the nearly three-year trial.

But the stench of a cover-up hovered over those proceedings. Not-guilty verdicts were handed down for those brought to trial, and the judge was later impeached for attempting to bribe a witness to give testimony incriminating police officers and for his general mishandling of the case. He was summarily removed from his post.

But what did come out of early scrutiny of the attack was the unmistakable hand of the Iranian regime. At first, it was studied speculation, but by 2006, two prosecutors in the case officially put the finger on Tehran. Operatives connected to the Iranian embassy in Buenos Aires were identified, but at that point, they all had made their way out of the country.

The case was turned over to two new prosecutors, Alberto Nisman and Marcelo Martínez Burgos, who in 2007 brought the matter to Interpol. They had requested that “red notices,” or arrest warrants, be issued to nine suspects, including former Iranian president Ali Rafsanjani, former Iranian foreign minister Ali Akbar Velayati and former Iranian ambassador to Argentina Hadi Soleimanpour. Interpol’s executive committee let those three officials off the hook, choosing instead to issue notices for the other six suspects.

Years passed, but Nisman, now working alone, pressed ahead. In 2015, he was ready to release evidence that a deal had been negotiated at the highest levels of the two governments, which would see Tehran deliver oil to Argentina in exchange for food, weapons and a pledge to convince Interpol to drop the red notices on the terrorist suspects.

On the eve of this information being shared in the Argentine Congress, Nisman was found dead, from what the authorities called a suicide. Doubt immediately surfaced, given the nature of the charges Nisman was about to bring. Subsequently, the mysterious circumstances of Nisman’s death have become clarified, and evidence points to him having been murdered.






Argentine Foreign Minister Reiterates Justice Call for Victims of 1994 AMIA Jewish Center Bombing



https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/investigaran-a-echegaray-por-las-filmaciones-de-alberto-nisman-dias-antes-de-su-muerte-nid2258198 (ESPANOL)

https://www.perfil.com/noticias/politica/investigan-ricardo-echegaray-videos-alberto-nisman-ezeiza.phtml (ESPANOL)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)

Argentina/Iran/Israel: Buenos Aires Jewish Center Bombing, 25 Years (and No Convictions) Later

March 6, 2019

At 9:53 a.m. on July 18, 1994, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, a suicide bomber in a Renault van detonated more than 600 pounds of explosives near the entrance to AMIA (Argentine Israelite Mutual Association in English), a five-story center that has, for generations, provided and sponsored a variety of crucial services for the largest Jewish community in Latin America. 

The terrorist killed himself and 85 people who were in or near the Jewish center and injured hundreds. In the nearly 25 years since, there have been trials, accusations, public demonstrations, private lawsuits, volumes of testimony, videotaped bribery, at least one suspicious death and countless articles about Argentine malfeasance and the suspected involvement of Iranian, Hezbollah and Hamas officials. To date, no one has been convicted. 

“Justice” and “impunity” were key words in a symposium about the incident, held on Feb. 21 at Southwestern Law School in Los Angeles. The event, “25 Years After Argentina’s AMIA Bombing: Justice vs. Impunity,” featured American and Argentine speakers, mostly attorneys, many of whom have been personally involved in unsuccessful attempts to fully learn the facts and hold the perpetrators and their allies responsible, whether in Iran, Lebanon, Syria or Argentina. 

The first half of the symposium took place in a large classroom. Around 50 people attended. Each presentation was followed by critiques from experts and questions from the audience. One of the presenters was Gastón Chillier, an Argentine attorney and human rights activist, who spoke from Buenos Aires via Skype. He summed up the current state of the investigation, saying, “As of this day, Argentines do not know what happened.” 












https://www.elciudadanoweb.com/el-periodista-pablo-duggan-presenta-su-libro-quien-mato-a-nisman/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.lanacion.com.ar/politica/la-corte-dejo-firme-prision-cristina-kirchner-nid2226329 (ESPANOL)

https://www.clarin.com/politica/amia-confirmaron-esteche-seguira-preso-juicio-oral_0_4-g7qicVV.html (ESPANOL)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)

https://www.juedische-allgemeine.de/juedische-welt/freispruch/ (DEUTSCH)

https://internacional.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,perito-do-caso-nisman-e-encontrado-morto-em-buenos-aires,70002759728?utm_source=estadao%3Afacebook&utm_medium=link&fbclid=IwAR00MDHPk6EBSOBrT21Vy6nenOg2KjLVoObAkbU2UeK50mn6q2tyHtPQElk (PORTUGUES)

Argentina/Israel/Iran: Marking Fourth Anniversary of Alberto Nisman’s Murder, Israel Unveils Memorial to Argentine Prosecutor Who Sought Justice for Iran-Linked Bombing of Buenos Aires Jewish Center

January 18, 2019

Israeli and Jewish leaders on Friday marked the fourth anniversary of Argentine federal prosecutor Alberto Nisman’s murder by unveiling a memorial plaque in his honor at the Ben Shemen forest in central Israel.

Nisman’s body was discovered in the early morning of Jan. 19, 2015 — hours before he was due to unveil a complaint against the former government of President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner over its alleged collusion with Iran in effectively exonerating the Islamic Republic of responsibility for the 1994 bombing of the AMIA Jewish center in Buenos Aires, in which 85 people were murdered and more than 300 wounded.

Nisman had been investigating the AMIA atrocity since 2005, with his efforts resulting in the global law enforcement agency Interpol issuing six “red notices”  in 2007 for the Iranian and Lebanese Hezbollah operatives believed to have planned the attack.

Kirchner’s government falsely maintained that Nisman’s assassination was a suicide until an independent police investigation in May 2017 established beyond doubt that the prosecutor had been murdered. More recent efforts within Argentina to bring Kirchner — who is now a senator — to trial over both the alleged AMIA cover-up with Iran and Nisman’s murder have so far failed.











https://www.clarin.com/politica/homenaje-alberto-nisman-israel-piden-aclarar-muerte-atentado-amia_0_f4qCOyU_o.html (ESPANOL)

https://radiomitre.cienradios.com/abogado-las-hijas-nisman-sostuvo-lagomarsino-estar-preso/ (ESPANOL)

http://ciberfogon.com.ar/un-ex-director-del-mossad-vinculo-a-iran-con-el-asesinato-de-alberto-nisman/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.diariodemocracia.com/nacionales/197360-homenajes-cuarto-aniversario-fallecimiento-fiscal-/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.enlacejudio.com/2019/01/18/israel-kkl-inaugura-monumento-en-memoria-del-fiscal-asesinado-alberto-nisman/ (ESPANOL)

https://elpais.com/internacional/2019/01/17/argentina/1547746280_821100.html?id_externo_rsoc=TW_CC (ESPANOL)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)



Argentina/Israel/Iran: Jewish National Fund and KKL to Unveil Special Monument in Memory of Alberto Nisman

January 13, 2019

The KKL-JNF (Keren Kayemet L’Israel-Jewish National Fund) will inaugurate a monument in memory of Alberto Nisman, the Special Prosecutor murdered while investigating the 1994 car bombing of the Buenos Aires Jewish Center by Hezbollah terrorists.

Among those attending the ceremony will be: Knesset Chairman, MK Yuli Edelstein, Argentinean Ambassador to Israel, H.E. Mr. Mariano Caucino, KKL-JNF World Chairman, Mr. Daniel Atar, KKL-JNF Vice Chairman, Mr. Hernán Felman, and AMIA President, Mr. Agustin Igdal Zbar

On the fourth anniversary of his tragic death, Keren Kayemet L’Israel-Jewish National Fund (KKL-JNF; http://www.kkl-jnf.org/) will unveil the monument built in Alberto Nisman’s honor in a formal ceremony with officials from both Israel and Argentina.

The ceremony will take place on Friday, January 18th, 2019, at 10:00 at the Israel-Argentina Friendship Forest, Ben Shemen Forest (http://www.kkl-jnf.org/tourism-and-recreation/forests-and-parks/ben-shemen-forest.aspx).

Alberto Nisman was the leading prosecutor in charge of the investigation into the terrorist attack on the AMIA (Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina) Jewish community center in Buenos Aires in 1994 which claimed the lives of 85 people,  and he accused the Argentinian authorities of having covered up Iran’s involvement in it.

In 2015, just hours before he was due to testify before the Argentinian Congress, he was found dead at his home. Although the mystery of his death has never been solved, the presumption is that he was shot in the head in the course of a murderous assault that was disguised to look like suicide.

“He felt a personal, not just a professional responsibility to defend the Jewish People,” said Judge Sandra Arroyo Salgado, Nisman’s former partner. “He gave his life in the quest for justice for the victims of terrorism.”






https://www.infobae.com/sociedad/2019/01/13/este-viernes-inauguraran-un-monumento-en-homenaje-al-fiscal-alberto-nisman-en-israel/ (ESPANOL)

https://www.perfil.com/noticias/politica/el-gobierno-israeli-asegura-que-nisman-fue-asesinado-por-su-investigacion.phtml (ESPANOL)

https://www.rosario3.com/noticias/Por-que-Pablo-Duggan-dice-que-el-homicidio-de-Nisman-es-una-falsa-noticia–20190115-0021.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.clarin.com/politica/departamento-murio-nisman-venta-encuentran-comprador_0_fYBrXLkRK.html (ESPANOL)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (FRANCAIS)



Para el fiscal de Cámara, Nisman “ha sido víctima del delito de homicidio”. Y pidió que la causa pase al fuero federal.


El fiscal Ricardo Sáenz dictaminó hoy que Alberto Nisman fue “víctima del delito de homicidio”.Además, el fiscal general de la Cámara del Crimen pidió que la investigación de su muerte pase a al fuero federal.

Para Sáenz, “el objeto procesal de esta causa hasta el momento, lo constituye la hipótesis de que Alberto Nisman ha sido víctima del delito de homicidio”.

Saénz presentó su dictamen en la Sala VI de la Cámara del Crimen, integrada por los jueces Marcelo Lucini, Mario Filozof y Rodolfo Pociello Argerich,

Si la Cámara avala el cambio en su audiencia del próximo 18 de marzo, la causa pasará a los tribunales de Comodoro Py,






https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-46639187 (ENGLISH)

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/06/argentinian-lawyer-alberto-nisman-was-murdered-police-report-finds (ENGLISH)

https://www.haaretz.com/world-news/americas/wife-of-argentinian-prosecutor-withdraws-from-suit-into-his-death-due-to-threats-1.6769522 (ENGLISH)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (ENGLISH)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Alberto_Nisman (ENGLISH)

https://www.nouvelobs.com/topnews/20181221.AFP0041/argentine-l-ex-presidente-kirchner-sera-bien-jugee-pour-un-vaste-systeme-de-corruption.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lanacion.com.ar/2205109-justicia-2018-el-ano-en-el-que-finalmente-hubo-avances-sustanciales-en-las-causas-de-corrupcion (PORTUGUES)

Argentina/Israel/Iran: Uno de los acusados en el caso que investiga la muerte de Alberto Nisman pidió su sobreseimiento


El fiscal Alberto Nisman

A tres años y nueve meses de la muerte del fiscal Alberto Nisman, uno de los policías que debía custodiarlo en las horas previas al deceso pidió ser sobreseído por prescripción, revelaron a Infobae fuentes judiciales. Se trata de Néstor Durán, integrante de la dupla de efectivos que debía cuidar al funcionario judicial el sábado 17 de enero de 2015 y el menos comprometido de los policías procesados en el expediente.


Fue, además, quien acompañó en el ascensor a Diego Lagomarsino, el técnico informático que está acusado de haber sido partícipe necesario en el supuesto homicidio del fiscal. Lagomarsino llevaba en su mochila una pistola Bersa calibre 22 que, según dijo, le había pedido el propio Nisman. Fue el arma que se activó para disparar el tiro en la sien que dio muerte al entonces titular de la UFI AMIA.


A diferencia de sus otros tres compañeros, Durán no está acusado del encubrimiento del crimen sino del incumplimiento de sus deberes como funcionario público. Ese delito tiene una pena máxima de dos años de prisión. Y, por eso, su defensa entendió que la acusación en su contra había quedado prescripta en enero de 2017, dos años después de la muerte del fiscal Nisman.


Sin embargo, el juez federal Julián Ercolini rechazó la petición de sobreseimiento por el paso del tiempo. Recordó que Durán fue funcionario público en la Policía Federal (en su rol de sargento) hasta diciembre de 2017 cuando Ercolini lo procesó y el Ministerio de Seguridad decidió desafectarlo. “Precisamente, la prescripción se interrumpe en casos de funcionarios públicos y por eso no correría esta solicitud”, resaltaron las fuentes a Infobae.






https://argentinareports.com/arrest-connection-hezbollah/2064/ (ENGLISH)

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-46639187 (ENGLISH)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alberto_Nisman (ENGLISH)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Alberto_Nisman (ENGLISH)