Tag Archives: G7

USA: University of Pittsburgh to help Ukrainian lawyers bring the war against Russia into the courtroom


Ukraine’s defense against Russia won’t just be a fight on the battlefield; the conflict will also come to blows in the courtroom. To help, the University of Pittsburgh is bringing about half a dozen Ukrainian lawyers and law students to Oakland to complete the school’s prestigious master’s degree in law.

Pitt’s School of Law launched the Ukrainian Legal Assistance Project in late May to serve as a resource for pro bono legal assistance from the United States and to train Ukrainian lawyers who plan to head back to the country to take the war to the courts.

“Modern warfare has moved to the courtroom, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine has brought international law and international courts and tribunals into a new era of relevance,” a statement on the project’s website reads.

The students will learn how to engage in “lawfare,” the use of law by a country against its enemies, to hold Russia to account for its violations of international law. Charles Kotuby, executive director of Pitt’s Center for International Legal Education, said students will learn how to defend Ukraine and help rebuild it.

“Not only are we training them to be future leaders in their country, but we’re going to be doing real legal work,” he said. “They’re going to be helping their country on a variety of fronts during this war.”

Students will investigate claims of human rights violations and learn how to help Ukraine move forward to become a member of the European Union. That process will require lengthy negotiations and changes to Ukraine’s current legal system. Pitt will match students with global law firms and non-governmental organizations that focus on the legal issues arising from the war in Ukraine.


Pitt is currently helping its accepted students secure visas to come to the United States. According to Kotuby, as many as six students can enroll in the program. He said Pitt plans to seek financial support from Pittsburghers to help the Ukrainian students settle in the city for as long as two years while they study.

“Other students from France and Germany can afford to show up and rent an apartment in Shadyside and study law here. These students can’t,” he said. “This is the type of support that people in this community can really give and can make a massive difference. Not only in these students’ lives but in Ukraine as a whole.”




https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/fr/actualites/guerre-en-ukraine-mise-en-oeuvre-des-sanctions-financieres-ciblees (FRANCAIS)

https://www.advokatsamfundet.dk/nyheder-medier/nyheder/2022/advokatsamfundet-tilbyder-hjaelp-til-ukrainske-advokater/ (DANISH)

Iran: Amirsalar Davoudi released temporarily on bail after spending two years and seven months in detention


On 13 June 2021, human rights defender Amirsalar Davoudi was released on  bail of 20 billion IRR from Rajaie Shahr prison in Alborz province. His temporary release is followed by the decision of Branch 41 of the Supreme Court to accept the human rights defender’s request for retrial, due to irregularities in the legal process of his trial. Consequently, Branch 28 of Tehran’s Revolutionary court has been assigned for the retrial of the human rights defender. The first court session is scheduled for 20 June 2021.

On 16 April 2021, human rights defender Amirsalar Davoudi, currently imprisoned in Rajae Shahr prison, was transferred from solitary confinement to a public ward. The human rights defender had spent three days in solitary confinement following his transfer to the prison from Evin prison on 13 April 2021. The transferring of prisoners without notice or explanation, a tactic which the prison authorities in Iran have resorted to with increasing frequency in the first four months of 2021, continues to be used, despite official recommendations not to travel to some provinces due to COVID-19, and has reportedly exposed those prisoners being transferred to increased risk of contracting COVID-19.

Amirsalar Davoudi is a human rights defender and a member of the Human Rights Commission of the Iranian Bar Association. In his work as a human rights lawyer, Amirsalar Davoudi has represented many detained human rights defenders and political prisoners. The human rights defender is also the founder and director of a Telegram Channel, “Without Retouching,” featuring a variety of critical content about the authorities’ treatment of lawyers in particular and more generally, the human rights situation in Iran.

Amirsalar Davoudi was initially arrested on 20 November 2018 by security agents in his law office. On 28 May 2019 he learned that Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran had sentenced him to a total of 30 years’ imprisonment and 111 lashes, on account of six charges including “insulting the Supreme Leader”,“spreading propaganda against the system” and “forming a group with the purpose of disrupting national security” in relation to his human rights work. The charges were in connection to media interviews he had given and posts he had uploaded to his Telegram channel. According to Art. 134 of the Islamic Penal Code, Amirsalar Davoudi would have served the most severe single sentence, which in his case was 15 years for “forming a group with the purpose of disrupting national security”.





UAE: Open letter to UAE ambassador urging the release of human rights lawyer Mohammed al-Roken



Dear Ambassador,

We are writing to you to call for the urgent release of Dr Mohammed Al-Roken, an outstanding Emirati human rights lawyer, who is unfairly detained for providing legal support to human rights defenders and peacefully exercising his right to freedom of expression.  

Since Dr Mohammed Al-Roken’s arrest on 17 July 2012 and his consequent sentencing on 2 July 2013, he has been subjected to discriminatory treatment. Dr Al-Roken, along with a group of prominent academics and activists, was subjected to a grossly unfair mass trial in which he was sentenced to 10 years. The mass trial coined ‘UAE 94’ saw Dr Al-Roken subjected to various violations; denied rights to legal representation and refused access to court documents until the second hearing.

Violations against Dr Al-Roken have continued inside Al-Razeen prison, where he is detained. Recent revelations show he has been exposed to constant illumination for 24 hours a day, impacting his mental and physical health as persistent light causes sleep deprivation. Previously, Dr Al-Roken has experienced music torture, whereby prison guards blast propaganda music in his cell continuously for hours at unbearably high volumes, causing him to pass out due to high blood pressure. Furthermore, due to his appalling prison conditions and subsequent poor health, Dr Al-Roken has become more at risk of becoming infected with Covid-19, notably as the coronavirus pandemic has spread into numerous UAE prisons.  





G7 bar leaders call upon governments to take action on lawyers at risk, lawtech and climate change


Flags of G7 countries flying against blue sky

Ahead of the G7 summit in Cornwall, the presidents of the G7 bars have signed resolutions calling on their governments to tackle issues including climate change, the ethics of legal technology and undue interference with the independence of the legal profession.

Although consensus proved elusive at the G7 bars summit on 17 May, chaired by Law Society president I. Stephanie Boyce, one resolution on lawyers at risk gained unanimous approval and a second resolution on guaranteeing continuity of justice in a time of crisis also gained widespread approval.

The presidents and executives of the representative bodies have committed to make efforts to urge governments to:

  • protect the rule of law and access justice
  • uphold the independence of the legal profession
  • condemn any attacks on lawyers carrying out their duties

Alongside resolutions focusing on lawyers at risk and continuity of justice, there was also progress on key areas that will impact the future of the legal profession, most prominently climate change and lawtech.


What was discussed on 17 May?

We proposed four resolutions, alongside a fifth resolution from the Conseil National des Barreux (CNB), focusing on areas that are key for both promoting the work of lawyers and assisting wider society:

  • lawyers at risk
  • lawtech and ethics
  • climate change
  • economic recovery
  • continuity of justice

These five areas reflect the concerns of the legal profession and wider agenda of the national G7 meeting, with a focus on leading the global recovery from coronavirus, tackling climate change and championing our shared values.

The strongest agreement between the bars was found on the ‘lawyers at risk’ resolution, with all of the seven bars signing the final statement and agreeing to promulgate the resolutions to their governments via the so-called national ‘Sherpas’ (civil servants and diplomats who help guide the leaders of the G7 countries in the leadup to the summit).



Quelles sont les résolutions adoptées lors du G7 des avocats ?


Quelles sont les résolutions adoptées lors du G7 des avocats ?

Changement climatique, nouvelles technologies ou défense de la pression ont été au cœur des pourparlers ce 17 mai entre les organisations nationales de professionnels du droit.

Calquée sur le G7 des États (programmé du 11 au 13 juin à Cornwall au Royaume-Uni), la 3eédition du G7 des avocats s’est tenue ce 17 mai, en visioconférence. A cette occasion, les présidents et responsables des sept organisations représentant la profession dans les pays du G7, dont le Conseil National des Barreaux représenté par son président Jérôme Gavaudan, ont adopté deux résolutions communes. Reconnu groupe d’engagement officiel au sein du G7, ce message sera porté directement à l’oreille des chefs d’Etat et des gouvernements. 


Protéger les avocats à travers le monde

La seconde résolution porte intégralement sur la défense des avocats en danger (de nombreux praticiens sont encore assassinés ou emprisonnés de par le monde). Le G7 exhorte les gouvernements à soutenir les avocats qui exercent leur profession dans des circonstances difficiles et à promouvoir l’Etat de droit et l’indépendance de la profession, quitte à lui fournir une meilleure protection. “Les avocats de tous les pays peuvent porter la parole des libertés, souligne Jérôme Gavaudan, président du CNB. Le dépassement de la crise sanitaire passe par le droit et donc par l’avocat. Il convient de condamner toute atteinte commise contre les avocats dans l’exercice de leurs fonctions. Nous sommes des acteurs incontournables, avec les gouvernements, du retour à la normale de nos systèmes juridiques et judiciaires.»




Burma: Suu Kyi’s lawyer Khin Maung Zaw fears arrest


Khin Maung Zaw has been tasked with defending her from a pair of obscure charges for possessing unlicensed walkie-talkies and violating coronavirus restrictions

Staying in different lodgings each night to evade arrest, the lawyer representing Aung San Suu Kyi says her trial will help determine whether Myanmar’s people again become “slaves” of the military.

Soldiers raided the civilian leader’s residence and detained her in pre-dawn raids three weeks ago, effectively ending Myanmar’s 10-year experiment with democracy.

The new military regime has pledged to hold elections in a year, but for now the junta wields power over all the country’s political institutions — including its courts.

Khin Maung Zaw has been tasked with defending her from a pair of obscure charges for possessing unlicensed walkie-talkies and violating coronavirus restrictions.

“Myanmar is now at a crucial point of history,” the 73-year-old told AFP by phone from Naypyidaw, the country’s capital, while reflecting on weeks of nationwide protests demanding his client’s release.

“If we lose, we will become slaves of the military junta for 40 or 50 years. We have to win this battle.”

The junta has already taken action to purge the country’s top courts of potential Suu Kyi sympathisers, and Khin Maung Zaw’s brief is thoroughly stacked against him.

Despite several requests, he has still not been given permission to see his client ahead of her March 1 hearing.

“If I don’t get permission to meet with her for the hearing, I will let all the world know that the trial is not fair,” he said.

He has also stepped up his own safety precautions, due to “indirect pressures” passed onto him from relatives.

“At night, I have to stay away from my house and I have to stay in other people’s houses,” he told AFP.





https://www.lexpress.fr/actualites/1/monde/birmanie-l-avocat-d-aung-san-suu-kyi-en-mission-pour-la-defense-de-la-democratie_2145498.html (FRANCAIS)

France/Iran/G7: Iranian Groups In France Protest Zarif Visit, Chanting ‘Kick Him Out’

August 24, 2019

Iranian protesters in Paris against FM Zarif

Hundreds of Iranians held separate rallies in Paris to protest the Islamic Republic Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif’s visit to France.

Two demonstrations were held on Thursday and Friday, August 22-23, in the central areas of the French capital by the members of Mojahedin Khalq Organization (MKO) and royalists along with the secular republicans.

Both protests were organized ahead of the G7 summit, set to begin on Saturday night, August 24, in Biarritz, western France.

During the anti-Islamic Republic gathering by MKO, in Paris’ Square du Trocadéro, the demonstrators chanted fiery slogans against the Islamic Republic’s top diplomat.

“Kick out Zarif,” “Zarif is a Terrorist, Expel him,” read the banners held by the MKO members.

In the meantime, Macron met with world leaders and their representatives ahead of the Group of Seven summit which opens in the south-western French city of Biarritz on Saturday.

President Macron has personally invited renowned Iranian lawyer and human rights defender, Nasrin Sotoudeh, to participate in a G7 council for promoting human rights. Sotoudeh is currently serving a long prison sentence in Iran.

Last February, French President Emmanuel Macron named 35 attorneys, including prominent Iranian lawyer and civil rights activist Nasrin Sotoudeh, to give recommendations to the Group of Seven (G7) nations.

Sotoudeh’s husband, who posted a copy of Macron’s letter on his Facebook page, told the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI), “Today [March 7] a legal representative from the French Embassy in Tehran gave me a letter from French President Emanuel Macron and the Group of Seven (G7).”

The letter was delivered to Khandan a day after it was disclosed that a Revolutionary Court in Tehran had convicted Sotoudeh on national security charges. “I am pleased to invite you to this initiative to advance real equality between women and men around the world,” Macron wrote to Sotoudeh.

Sotoudeh’s seat in the council in France will be vacant and adorned with a bouquet, while she is kept in Tehran’s infamous prison, Evin.


Mohammed Najafi, a Justice Department Lawyer, Ended his Hunger Strike



https://abp.bzh/g7-avocats-2-48620 (FRANCAIS)

https://www.eldiario.es/murcia/disidencias-genero/velo-simbolo_6_935866419.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.adnkronos.com/fatti/cronaca/2019/08/27/nasce-woman-freedom-campagna-per-donne-iraniane_X5DQ3d5XDQfPIssCCDfEYJ.html (ITALIANO)

https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2019/08/28/iran-essere-donne-qui-non-e-facile-cosi-litalia-risponde-alla-repressione/5411643/ (ITALIANO)

https://amnesty-duesseldorf.de/termin/solidaritaetsaktion-fuer-nasrin-sotoudeh/ (DEUTSCH)



Image may contain: Reza Khandan, text and close-up

France/Day of the Endangered Lawyer/Iran: G7 des avocats : les avocats défendent l’État de droit

le 20 août, 2019

G7 des avocats : les avocats défendent l’État de droit

Dans le cadre de la présidence française du G7, s’est tenu à Paris le G7 des Avocats, les 11 et 12 juillet derniers. Les institutions nationales représentatives de la profession d’avocat des pays membres du G7 se sont ainsi réunies pour préparer, de concert, des recommandations à destination de la présidence du G7, en vue de la réunion des chefs d’État et de gouvernement au sommet de Biarritz, du 24 au 26 août prochains.

Alors que la cité basque doit accueillir fin août le sommet du G7 centré sur la lutte contre les inégalités, la société civile est, elle aussi, sous l’impulsion de la présidence française, invitée à y contribuer. Dans ce cadre, les représentants des avocats – porte-paroles des 1,8 million d’avocats des pays du G7 – se sont retrouvés à Paris pour promouvoir l’État de Droit, l’accès à la Justice, les principes fondamentaux de la démocratie et l’indépendance de la Justice. Initié par la présidente du Conseil national des barreaux (CNB), Christiane Féral-Schuhl, étaient ainsi réunis à cette occasion la Japan Federation of Bars Associations (Japon), la Canadian Bar Association (Canada), l’American Bar Association (États-Unis), le Consiglio nazionale Forense (Italie), la Deutscher Anwaltverein (Allemagne), la Law Society of England and Wales (Royaume-Uni) et le Conseil des Barreaux européens (Union européenne).

Au terme de ces deux jours de débats, une résolution commune a ainsi été établie « par les délégations mobilisées à l’intention des gouvernements des pays du G7, synthétisant un ensemble de propositions visant à promouvoir l’État de Droit, l’accès à la Justice, les principes fondamentaux de la démocratie et l’indépendance de la Justice », assure le CNB. « En créant le groupe d’engagement des avocats, c’est le Droit qui prend toute sa place dans les débats du G7 et la reconnaissance de l’engagement de notre profession au sein de la société. Il n’y a pas un seul sujet abordé qui ne fasse appel au Droit que défendent et portent les avocats… La justice est un pilier des états démocratiques et nous sommes fiers que nos premiers travaux réalisés avec nos homologues des pays du G7 permettent à la profession de devenir le 8e groupe d’engagement ! » poursuit l’instance représentative des avocats français. « En créant le groupe d’engagement des avocats, c’est le Droit qui prend toute sa place dans les débats du G7 et la reconnaissance de l’engagement de notre profession au sein de la société. Il n’y a pas un seul sujet abordé qui ne fasse appel au Droit que défendent et portent les avocats… La justice est un pilier des états démocratiques et nous sommes fiers que nos premiers travaux réalisés avec nos homologues des pays du G7 permettent à la profession de devenir le 8e groupe d’engagement ! » a commenté Christiane Féral-Schuhl à cette occasion.

Les propositions portées par les délégations des sept États :

Nous publions ci-après les résolutions communes portées par les sept délégations :

« 1. Nous, les représentants des organisations nationales de la profession d’avocat des pays membres du G7 constitués en tant que groupe d’engagement « Avocats 7 – Lawyers 7 » ;

2. Réunis à Paris les 11 et 12 juillet 2019 à l’occasion du « G7 des Avocats » ;

3. Rappelant le rôle essentiel de la profession d’avocat dans la préservation de l’État de droit, l’accès à  lajustice et les principes fondamentaux de la démocratie, et notamment l’indépendance de la justice.

19. Consacrer le droit à l’assistance d’un avocat et la protection de l’avocat dans l’exercice de ses fonctions et sensibiliser les organisations internationales, les États et les acteurs internationaux de l’importance d’une protection effective des avocats.

20. S’engager à soutenir des actions visant à consacrer la Journée internationale de l’avocat en danger et encourager les autres pays à faire de même. »

Trois déclarations ratifiées ne font pas l’unanimité

En marge de cette réunion, trois autres déclarations ont également été signées.

La première, concernant les opportunités offertes par le numérique et l’intelligence artificielle et déclinée en sept propositions, n’a pas été ratifiée par la délégation américaine.

Une autre déclaration portait sur la libération immédiate de l’avocate iranienne Nasrin Sotoudeh, laquelle a été condamnée dans son pays à 33 ans de prison et à 148 coups de fouet, « inculpée en représailles de son travail pacifique en faveur des droits humains, d’“incitation à la corruption et à la prostitution”, d’avoir commis ouvertement “un acte immoral… en apparaissant en public sans porter le hijab (voile)” et de “troubles à l’ordre public”», comme le souligne Amnesty International, n’a pas été ratifiée ni par la délégation américaine, ni la délégation japonaise. Vivement mobilisés, de nombreux barreaux français ont cette année désigné Nasrin Sotoudeh membre d’honneur de leur barreau.

Enfin, une déclaration commune contre la peine de mort a été ratifiée à cette occasion. Seuls les États-Unis se sont encore une fois abstenus.










Day of the Endangered Lawyer

France/G7: G7 leaders urged to protect lawyers from harm, ensure AI doesn’t oust human decision making

August 12, 2019

Raymond Adlington

Next week bar association presidents from Canada and the other G7 nations will jointly urge their countries’ political leaders to legally protect lawyers and the confidentiality of the lawyer-client relationship, as well as to ensure that the emerging use of artificial intelligence (AI) and algorithms in legal decision making doesn’t harm human dignity, fundamental rights and access to justice.

Canadian Bar Association president Ray Adlington, and his G7 bar association counterparts, met July 11 and 12 in Paris, where they finalized more than a dozen joint recommendations that the group will present to G7 host, French president Emmanuel Macron, Aug. 23, just before the resolutions are delivered to all the G7 political leaders at their summit in Biarritz, France Aug. 24-25.

Adlington, who has spent his year as CBA president promoting diversity and inclusivity within the legal profession as well as pressuring governments to preserve and boost legal aid, said the bar groups from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States are trying to drive progress in many areas of mutual concern.

“We were focused on everything from equality to the death penalty,” he explained. “Many of [the issues] are common — from the issues around equality leading to populism issues in many of our G7 countries, and I don’t think that we in Canada are immune from that; to issues around the role that artificial intelligence and technologies will play in access to justice; legal aid … is [another] common issue across our countries … ; protection of the environment; strengthening responsible business conduct; [and] preserving the rule of law and the right to a fair trial.”

One of the bar groups’ resolutions asks G7 political leaders to demand, and work for, the immediate release and unconditional formal pardon of internationally renowned Iranian human rights advocate Nasrin Sotoudeh, who was sentenced last March and faces decades in prison and 148 lashes “for carrying out her professional duties as a lawyer and her work to defend fundamental rights, especially women’s rights.”

Under the rubric of preserving the rule of law and the right to a fair trial, the bar leaders are urging the G7 countries to enshrine “protection of lawyers in the performance of their duties.”


https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/fr/actualites/g7-des-avocats-signature-dune-declaration-commune (FRANCAIS)

https://www.affiches-parisiennes.com/g7-les-avocats-porteront-20-propositions-9220.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.francebleu.fr/infos/faits-divers-justice/g7-de-biarritz-mobilisation-exceptionnelle-des-avocats-du-barreau-de-bayonne-1565258232 (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lemondedudroit.fr/institutions/65166-g7-avocats-delegations-avocats-sept-pays-membres-adoptent-resolution-commune.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.welingelichtekringen.nl/samenleving/989801/iraanse-vrouwen-protesteren-tegen-hoofddoek-en-riskeren-20-jaar-cel.html (NEDERLAND)