Daily Archives: 07/05/2022

Switzerland: Prison et expulsion pour le détenu complotiste qui menaçait son avocat  

07/05/22

Condamné à 30 mois de prison, un voleur a attribué sa peine à son avocat, qu’il soupçonnait de collusion avec la procureure. Il lui a envoyé une lettre de menaces et d’insultes.

Cambrioleur multirécidiviste attiré surtout par les ordinateurs, les portables et les bijoux, Omar* a sévi dans plusieurs localités vaudoises, notamment à Lausanne, entre 2019 et 2020. L’année passée, cet Arabe avec un faux passeport français et sans permis de séjour en Suisse a été condamné par le Tribunal de Lausanne à 40 mois de prison pour vol en bande et par métier, dommages à la propriété, contrainte, violation de domicile, tentative de violation de domicile… 

«Je fait avec toi grand probleme fills de p…»

Omar* n’a pas digéré cette peine qu’il trouvait trop lourde. Et il en voulait particulièrement à son avocat, qu’il croyait de mèche avec la procureure qui instruisait l’affaire. C’est donc depuis sa cellule de prison à Orbe qu’il a rédigé un courrier pour l’avocat dont il ne voulait plus. Décidé à trouver un nouveau défenseur, il l’a abreuvé d’insultes et l’a menacé avec virulence. «Monsieur, malgré tout mes refus qui tu a mon avocat et tu veut pas lâche mon dossier tu veut violé mes droits (…) je manquer avec toi le respect ta à un fills de pute et tu a un batar qui j’ai jamais vue dans ma vie je prle avec toi vulgair et je men fou la conséquence (…) je niqué ta race conard fills de pute sa fait sept mois tu colaborer avec la procureure et tu veut encore discuté avec moi je te jure si tu a pas lâché mon dossier je fait avec toi grand probleme fills de pute.» 

Des menaces qui ont produit un effet

L’avocat a fini par se retourner contre son propre client en déposant une plainte pénale. Condamné en première instance, Omar a saisi le Tribunal cantonal. La Cour cantonale a revu à la baisse la condamnation pour vol par métier. Car la participation d’Omar n’a pas pu être prouvée dans un cas de vol. La peine de 40 mois du tribunal de première instance a été réduite à 30 mois. Mais le Tribunal est d’avis que le courrier envoyé à l’avocat était «à l’évidence une menace sérieuse». Selon la Cour, les menaces d’Omar ont eu un effet, puisque l’avocat a demandé à être relevé de son mandat de défenseur d’office. Ce qui constitue une preuve de la contrainte exercée par le détenu.

[…]

https://www.20min.ch/fr/story/prison-et-expulsion-pour-le-detenu-complotiste-qui-menacait-son-avocat-936039344065

Statement of the New York City Bar Association re: the Taliban Takeover of the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association

06/05/22

The New York City Bar Association[1] joins the international community in condemning in the strongest possible terms the Taliban’s recent takeover of the Afghanistan Independent Bar Association and related ongoing developments.[2]

The Afghanistan Independent Bar Association (“AIBA”) was established in 2008 under Afghanistan’s Advocates Law as a statutory body to oversee the licensing and regulation of lawyers independent of the executive branch, to promote professional excellence and equal opportunity in the legal profession, and to champion the rule of law and social justice.[3] The AIBA’s by-laws are among the most progressive of any bar association in the world. For example, the AIBA is believed to be the only bar association worldwide to have self-imposed gender quotas for bar leadership, including a quota for women on all executive committees, as well as a requirement of at least one woman vice-president.[4] Similarly, the AIBA by-laws require all AIBA members to take on at least three pro bono cases a year.[5] From its inception, the AIBA has been independent, non-governmental, and non-political.[6]

In the wake of Afghanistan’s fall to the Taliban in mid-August 2021, the AIBA had been viewed as the country’s sole remaining bulwark of fundamental human rights, due process, judicial independence, the rule of law, and democratic values.[7]

However, on November 22, 2021, the Taliban Ministry of Justice published a decree stripping the AIBA of its independence, including its authority to license lawyers, and merging it into the Ministry.[8] The same decree states that only Taliban-approved lawyers will be permitted to appear in the courts and declares that lawyers must be “honest and loyal to the Islamic Emirate” (the Taliban), must have not worked with the prior government (i.e., the internationally-recognized government), and must have taken part in the “jihad” of the past 20 years – criteria that, in effect, would appear to exclude all non-Taliban figures.[9]

On November 23, 2021, the day after the decree issued, an estimated 50 armed Taliban stormed the AIBA’s offices in Kabul, threatening the lawyers and staff with violence before ordering them off the premises[10] and installing a new president who has ties to the Taliban Ministry of Justice but no relevant experience.[11] Days later, on December 5, 2021, armed Taliban raided an AIBA news conference planned to protest the Taliban takeover and to highlight the importance of the AIBA’s independence, forcing AIBA members to flee for their lives.[12] The situation has continued to deteriorate since then.[13]

Particularly alarming is the fact that, as a result of its takeover of the AIBA, the Taliban now have access to the AIBA’s database of the personal and professional records of more than 2500 lawyers and judicial system employees.[14] These records include detailed, highly-sensitive information on matters such as individuals’ home addresses, family members, and client files – leaving lawyers, prosecutors, and judges (particularly women) even more exposed to the very real possibility of reprisals at the hands of convicted prisoners who were freed by the Taliban and at the hands of the Taliban itself.[15] The Taliban have similarly seized control of the AIBA’s bank accounts and funds.[16]

More recently, the Taliban Ministry of Justice has announced that Afghan lawyers will be required to re-certify under a new qualification process established by the Ministry.[17] Male lawyers who have applied to renew their licenses under the new process report that they have been required to take an oral examination in which the questions are drawn from religious subjects and have nothing to do with the law.[18] To date, the Taliban have failed to issue even a single law license to any woman lawyer.[19]  Although, like their male colleagues, women lawyers have applied to renew their licenses, their requests are not being processed and they have been told to wait until a decision is made as to whether they will be permitted to continue to practice.[20]

[…]

https://www.nycbar.org/media-listing/media/detail/taliban-takeover-of-the-afghanistan-independent-bar-association

https://www.ibanet.org/IBA-appeals-to-UN-for-support-on-Taliban-take-over-of-AIBA

https://www.helloasso.com/associations/fonds-de-dotation-du-conseil-national-des-barreaux/formulaires/2 (FRANCAIS)

https://eye.newsletter.cnb.avocat.fr/m2?r=wAXNA6-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