Daily Archives: 29/08/2019

OIAD/France: Un observatoire pour les avocats en danger

le 9 août, 2019

Image result for observatoire international des avocats en danger

De longue date, les avocats parisiens ont su mettre en avant leur engagement pour le respect des droits de la défense et la protection de leurs confrères. En France bien sûr, mais aussi à l’étranger avec une tradition d’échanges avec les avocats du monde entier. Un travail qu’accomplit aujourd’hui l’Observatoire international des avocats en danger.

Il semble inconcevable d’imaginer un système juridique qui fait valoir les droits de tous les justiciables sans se représenter le rôle de l’avocat. Si son intégrité et son indépendance paraissent être le minimum requis pour qu’il puisse exercer son métier, ces fondamentaux ne sont hélas pas toujours respectés à travers le monde. Avocats assassinés, emprisonnés ou persécutés, les exemples d’atteinte violente à la profession ne manquent pas, de la Turquie à la Chine en passant par l’Égypte, le Mexique ou l’Inde. À ce sujet, le rapport 2018 de l’Institut des droits de l’Homme des avocats européens (IDHAE) ne dénombrait d’ailleurs pas moins de 379 avocats « en danger parce qu’ils tentent de faire leur métier ».

Une thématique sur laquelle le barreau de Paris s’engage également : le 22 mai dernier était organisée une présentation débat autour du rapport de Human Rights Watch : « Des avocats traduits en justice : poursuites abusives et érosion du droit à un procès équitable en Turquie », à la maison du Barreau à Paris. Une rencontre qui faisait écho à un autre événement mis en place par les avocats parisiens le 24 janvier, la Journée internationale de l’avocat en danger, qui était justement consacrée à la situation turque cette année. Le 11 avril dernier encore, c’était Shirin Ebadi qui était accueillie. Avocate et juge iranienne, Prix Nobel de la paix, elle a dû fuir son pays en 2009 en raison de son combat pour les des droits de l’Homme et vit depuis en exil. Toutes ces actions sont menées sous la bannière de l’Observatoire international des avocats en danger (OIAD), une initiative lancée conjointement avec le CNB et deux barreaux étrangers en 2015 pour défendre les avocats menacés au cours de l’exercice de leur métier. L’Observatoire effectue un travail de veille et d’information pour tenter d’enrayer les atteintes au droit à la défense à travers le monde. Avec une structure qui se veut inclusive et ouverte à tous les barreaux, il a déjà été rejoint par 30 d’entre eux en qualité de membre actif.

Entretien croisé avec Basile Ader, vice-bâtonnier du barreau de Paris, et Anne Souleliac, administratrice de l’OIAD.

Un observatoire pour les avocats en danger

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/fr/

Kenya: DPP opposes bid to drop confession in Willie Kimani murder case

August 28, 2019

Director Public Prosecutions Noordin Haji.

The Director of Public Prosecutions has opposed an application by one of the accused persons in the Willie Kimani murder for review of the order allowing his confession to be used as evidence.

Peter Ngugi had urged judge Jessie Lessit to review her earlier ruling allowing his confession.

The court had called for a trial within a trial to determine whether his confession would be allowed as evidence. The judge ruled that the confession was admissible and would be used.

Ngugi who got a new lawyer after firing the previous one now wants the court to review its own ruling on the confession and not admit it as evidence.

He argues that the confession was taken in Swahili and translated into English which he does not understand.

However, the DPP has asked the court to dismiss Ngugi’s application arguing that they followed all the necessary procedures in writing the confession.

The prosecution says the LSK and Kenya National Commission of Human Rights were involved in the process as required under confession guidelines.

Deputy DPP Nicholas Mutuku said there is no law that allows Lessit to review her own ruling.

Lawyer Ben Sihanya also opposed the application by Ngugi, saying no authority had been cited to justify a request for review.

The confession statement in question details how all the accused persons conspired to kill lawyer Kimani, his client and a taxi driver in 2016.

Four police officers Fredrick Leliman, Leonard Maina, Stephen Chebulet and Silvia Wanjiku are accused of killing the three in cold blood.

The bodies were found stashed in gunny bags in a river in Ol-Donyo Sabuk, Machakos county.

A diver who found the bodies told the court of his two-day horrific experience.

John Mwaniki said the bodies were tied at their waists, while their heads had been tied with plastic bags.

https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2019-08-28-dpp-opposes-bid-to-drop-confession-in-willie-kimani-murder-case/

https://hivisasa.com/posts/99807813-willy-kimanis-murder-witness-asks-court-to-review-his-confession

https://www.nation.co.ke/news/Willy-Kimani-murder-informer-recants-his-confession/1056-5251194-od55laz/index.html

For each disappeared, more activists stand up! Stop enforced disappearances against human rights defenders

Image may contain: 1 person, text

Willie Kimani was a prominent Kenyan human rights #lawyer.

He went missing on 23 June 2016, and was found dead on 1 July 2016.

We demand that the government of #Kenya ensure #JusticeForWillieKimani. We demand #JusticeForActivists.

#InternationalDayoftheDisappeared

Read more: https://bit.ly/2ZlsD20

(Pan-African Human Rights Defenders Network Facebook, 29/08/19)

India: Litigants suffer as lawyers continue stir

August 28, 2019

Litigants suffer as lawyers continue stir

Litigants are a disturbed lot as district court lawyers have been on strike since August 17. As a result, cases are being adjourned.

Notably, in their bid to express resentment over the spat between lawyer Navdeep Singh Jeeda and police constable Ranjit Singh at Ghorewala Chowk on August 17 morning, the lawyers are observing strike since that day.

Gurpreet Singh, a resident of Bathinda city, said, “Owing to the ongoing strike by the lawyers, the advocate handling my property dispute case a few days back refused to take up my case. As a result, the judge adjourned the hearing for the next date. Now, I have to visit the district courts again.”

A group of litigants said there must be a provision that even if there was a strike, the lawyers must take up important cases for hearing so that litigants did not have to suffer.

Meanwhile, the District Bar Association today convened a meeting in which it was decided that from Wednesday the lawyers would stage protest from 10.30 am to 1.30 pm and after that the court working would go as per routine in second half of the day.

District Bar Association president Kanwaljit Singh Kuti said, “From Wednesday we have decided to stage protest from 10.30 am to 1.30 pm and later attend courts in second half”.

https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/bathinda/litigants-suffer-as-lawyers-continue-stir/823973.html

https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/five-days-after-clash-with-bathinda-lawyer-traffic-cop-booked/story-rbCNiKcijB3loRdVc7NBVL.html

https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/jalandhar/lawyers-boycott-work-seek-action-against-cops/821460.html

Afghanistan: human rights defenders under increased attack – new briefing

August 28, 2019

Afghanistan’s human rights community are facing face intimidation, harassment, threats and violence amid intensifying attacks from both the authorities and armed groups, Amnesty International said in a new briefing released today (28 August).

While violence escalates in Afghanistan – last year saw the highest levels of civilian deaths on record – human rights defenders and activists have been largely ignored by the Afghan government and the international community.

In the briefing, Defenceless Defenders: Attacks on Afghanistan’s Human Rights Community, Amnesty reveals how the Afghan government has repeatedly failed to investigate attacks on activists, sometimes accusing them of ‘fabricating’ their claims and even telling them to take up arms to defend themselves.

Violence, threats and killings

In the briefing, Amnesty details how human rights defenders and activists have been intimidated, harassed, threatened, shot at, and killed in attacks that the Afghan authorities have failed to investigate and prosecute.

•           Hasiba* is a lawyer who defends women who have suffered domestic violence, are seeking divorce, or who face criminal charges. Since 2017, Hasiba has received repeated threats of violence, including acid attacks. The police registered her case, but took no further action, forcing her to close her law firm for seven months.

https://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/afghanistan-human-rights-defenders-under-increased-attack-new-briefing

Human Rights Defenders Face Increased Attacks in Afghanistan

https://www.tolonews.com/afghanistan/afghanistan%E2%80%99s-human-rights-activists-under-attack-ai

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-afghanistan-women-lawyers/afghanistans-female-lawyers-risk-danger-to-help-women-branded-cheap-and-filthy-idUSKBN19P0L4

Shocking Attack on American University of Afghanistan, ALEP’s Partner in Kabul

https://wpde.com/news/nation-world/afghan-official-wedding-attacks-death-toll-rises-to-80

https://mapdow.com/les-attaques-degenerent-contre-les-defenseurs-des-droits-de-lhomme-de-lafghanistan-rapport/ (FRANCAIS)

India: Bhima Koregaon: One Year After Arrests of Activists, Bombay HC Begins Daily Trials

August 28, 2019

The lawyers argued the accused deserve to be released as the police have failed to produce any direct evidence against them.

Daily hearings for arrests of activists began.

A year after the arrests of several activists and human rights lawyer in connection with the Bhima Koregaon incident, the Bombay High Court on August 27 began daily hearings of the bail pleas filed by lawyer Sudha Bharadwaj and activists Vernon Gonsalves and Arun Ferreira, who were arrested on August 28, 2018 along with Telugu poet Varavara Rao and activist Gautam Navlakha.

An event is organised every year on January 1 at Bhima Koregaon in Pune to mark the the Battle of Bhima Koregaon victory, in which Mahar (leather workers) community soldiers, as part of the British Army, had defeated a numerically superior force of the Peshwa Baji Rao II in 1818.

The three accused had approached the High Court after the sessions court rejected their bail application. Senior Advocate Mihir Desai and Advocate Yug Mohit Chaudhary – both representing Bharadwaj and Gonsalves, told Justice Sarang Kotwal, that the bail applications of their clients have been filed on different grounds despite the fact the reasons cited for arrest were similar.

The lawyers argued that the three accused deserve to be released as the Pune police failed to produce any direct evidence against them. They further submitted that the arrests have been made on flimsy grounds.

https://www.newsclick.in/bhima-koregaon-activists-daily-hearings-begin-supreme-court

https://www.livelaw.in/news-updates/bhima-koregaon-no-material-against-vernon-gonsalves-147541

https://www.thehindu.com/news/states/one-year-later-process-has-become-punishment-say-activists-family-members/article29283395.ece

https://www.devdiscourse.com/article/law-order/649571-why-have-you-kept-war-and-peace-at-home-bombay-hc-asks-arrested-activist

https://scroll.in/latest/935470/bhima-koregaon-case-bombay-hc-judge-asks-accused-to-explain-why-he-had-war-and-peace-at-home

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/bhima-koregaon-case-bombay-high-court-questions-accused-on-why-he-read-war-and-peace-1592826-2019-08-29

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/bhima-koregaon-surendra-gadling-sudhir-dhawale-1590675-2019-08-23

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/koregaon-bhima-violence-accused-to-be-examined-in-inquiry-panels-courtroom-at-old-zilla-parishad-premises-5925493/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2018_Bhima_Koregaon_violence