Daily Archives: 12/08/2019

France/G7: G7 leaders urged to protect lawyers from harm, ensure AI doesn’t oust human decision making

August 12, 2019

Raymond Adlington

Next week bar association presidents from Canada and the other G7 nations will jointly urge their countries’ political leaders to legally protect lawyers and the confidentiality of the lawyer-client relationship, as well as to ensure that the emerging use of artificial intelligence (AI) and algorithms in legal decision making doesn’t harm human dignity, fundamental rights and access to justice.

Canadian Bar Association president Ray Adlington, and his G7 bar association counterparts, met July 11 and 12 in Paris, where they finalized more than a dozen joint recommendations that the group will present to G7 host, French president Emmanuel Macron, Aug. 23, just before the resolutions are delivered to all the G7 political leaders at their summit in Biarritz, France Aug. 24-25.

Adlington, who has spent his year as CBA president promoting diversity and inclusivity within the legal profession as well as pressuring governments to preserve and boost legal aid, said the bar groups from Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States are trying to drive progress in many areas of mutual concern.

“We were focused on everything from equality to the death penalty,” he explained. “Many of [the issues] are common — from the issues around equality leading to populism issues in many of our G7 countries, and I don’t think that we in Canada are immune from that; to issues around the role that artificial intelligence and technologies will play in access to justice; legal aid … is [another] common issue across our countries … ; protection of the environment; strengthening responsible business conduct; [and] preserving the rule of law and the right to a fair trial.”

One of the bar groups’ resolutions asks G7 political leaders to demand, and work for, the immediate release and unconditional formal pardon of internationally renowned Iranian human rights advocate Nasrin Sotoudeh, who was sentenced last March and faces decades in prison and 148 lashes “for carrying out her professional duties as a lawyer and her work to defend fundamental rights, especially women’s rights.”

Under the rubric of preserving the rule of law and the right to a fair trial, the bar leaders are urging the G7 countries to enshrine “protection of lawyers in the performance of their duties.”

https://www.thelawyersdaily.ca/business/articles/14387/g7-leaders-urged-to-protect-lawyers-from-harm-ensure-ai-doesn-t-oust-human-decision-making-

https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/fr/actualites/g7-des-avocats-signature-dune-declaration-commune (FRANCAIS)

https://www.affiches-parisiennes.com/g7-les-avocats-porteront-20-propositions-9220.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.francebleu.fr/infos/faits-divers-justice/g7-de-biarritz-mobilisation-exceptionnelle-des-avocats-du-barreau-de-bayonne-1565258232 (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lemondedudroit.fr/institutions/65166-g7-avocats-delegations-avocats-sept-pays-membres-adoptent-resolution-commune.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.welingelichtekringen.nl/samenleving/989801/iraanse-vrouwen-protesteren-tegen-hoofddoek-en-riskeren-20-jaar-cel.html (NEDERLAND)

Uganda/Rwanda: Uganda’s security came for Rwandans, then for lawyers

August 12, 2019

On Wednesday, 31 July 2019, armed men picked up Patrick Mugisha, a partner at Mwesige Mugisha & Co. Advocates, from his chambers in Muyenga, a Kampala suburb. Mugisha was reported missing and a victim of abduction. It turned out that for almost a week he had been held without charge at one of ISO’s notorious illegal ungazetted detention centres in Kyengera, another Kampala suburb.

The Uganda Law Society immediately went to battle for its colleague. On 3 August 2019, its president, Mr Simon Peter Kinobe, wrote a strongly-worded letter and appeared on different television channels to denounce ISO, reminding its director-general Col Kaka Bagyenda of the constitutional violation against abductions, and even of the fact ISO has no arresting powers:

“As Uganda Law Society, we cannot continue to look on as a few individuals descend our country into chaos without reprisal. We cannot be observers in the perpetration of impunity with no call to action. We accordingly call upon all lawyers to action, to prosecute both criminally and in civil court the director of ISO Col Frank Kaka Bagyenda for these acts of impunity and, to demand the immediate unconditional release of our advocates illegally arrested and detained by the said ISO. Should ISO fail to comply with our demands to unconditionally release the detained citizens by Wednesday the 7th Day of August 2019, we shall have no choice but to further escalate the matter,” he wrote.

Mr Kinobe accused Col Kaka of “acting with impunity by kidnapping, intimidating, harassing and arresting lawyers without any reason,” Mr Kinobe warned, as he denounced the illegal holding of the lawyer, “beyond the statutory period of 48 hours,” before giving Col Kaka “up to August 7th to release the lawyer or they prosecute him!”

https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/ugandas-security-came-rwandans-then-lawyers

He has no mandate! Law Society president takes on ISO boss over illegal detentions

https://www.ntv.co.ug/news/national/Kidnapped-Lawyer-Patrick-Mugisha-says-he-was-being-held-by-ISO/4522324-5224926-ss38bm/index.html

https://www.protect-lawyers.com/it/avvocato/patrick-mugisha/ (ITALIANO)

India: LAWYER HACKED TO DEATH

August 11, 2019

 

A 28-year-old lawyer was hacked to death over a land dispute near Murappanad on Sunday.

Police said Velmurugan was murdered over a land dispute with S. Selvam, 28. The latter had invited Velmurugan to his house at Chennelpatti to discuss the problem.

On his invitation, Velmurugan went to his house around 9.30 a.m. and did not come out after the discussion.

Meanwhile, Murappanad police received information that Velmurugan had been murdered. They soon started searching Chennalpatti area. When the police reached Selvam’s house, it was locked. They broke into the house and found that Velmurugan had been hacked to death.

During preliminary inquiry, the police found that Selvam had murdered Velmurugan with the help of two of his friends and he fled the house. The police are searching for the accused.

Lawyer hacked to death

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Madurai/lawyer-hacked-to-death/article28984233.ece

France: Réforme des retraites : les avocats manifesteront le 16 septembre 2019

le 19 juillet, 2019

Afin de protester comme les propositions de Jean-Paul Delevoye, haut-commissaire de la réforme des retraites, le Conseil national des barreaux (CNB) appelle les avocats à se mobiliser le 16 septembre dans le cadre d’une manifestation nationale contre la réforme des retraites.

La présidente du CNB, Christiane Féral-Schuhl, avait prévenu que si les demandes de la profession concernant la réforme des retraites n’étaient pas satisfaites, qu’elle appellerait les avocats à une manifestation nationale. C’est chose faite. Les avocats de France sont invités à manifester contre la réforme des retraites le 16 septembre 2019.

En effet, Jean-Paul Delevoye, haut-commissaire de la réforme des retraites, a présenté le 18 juillet 2019 ses propositions pour la réforme des retraites.
Il a confirm” la fusion de tous les régimes dans un seul système universel par points.

« Ainsi, contrairement aux demandes insistantes et répétées de la profession depuis 18 mois, aucune exception, aucun aménagement n’a été clairement annoncé par le haut-commissaire concernant le régime de retraite autonome des avocats », indique le CNB dans un communiqué du 19 juillet.

Par conséquent, le CNB appelle tous les avocats, tous les salariés des cabinets d’avocats, tous les élèves-avocats et tous les étudiants en droit, mais également l’ensemble des professions libérales, à venir en nombre manifester à Paris le lundi 16 septembre à 12h00.

https://www.lemondedudroit.fr/institutions/65286-reforme-retraites-avocats-manifesteront-16-septembre2019.html

https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/fr/actualites/reforme-des-retraites-tous-mobilises

https://www.cnb.avocat.fr/fr/communiques-de-presse/reforme-des-retraites-mobilisation-nationale-de-tous-les-avocats-le-16-septembre

https://www.dalloz-actualite.fr/flash/reforme-du-regime-de-retraite-des-avocats-aura-du-mal-conserver-notre-petit-village-gaulois

https://www.capital.fr/votre-retraite/reforme-des-retraites-le-cri-dalarme-des-independants-1345747

https://www.lemonde.fr/politique/article/2019/07/26/premieres-inquietudes-categorielles-autour-de-la-reforme-des-retraites_5493704_823448.html

https://www.boursorama.com/patrimoine/actualites/reforme-des-retraites-les-medecins-liberaux-crient-au-hold-up-48adf2bdf2d82e358acd658d08acdd51

http://www.lefigaro.fr/conjoncture/reforme-des-retraites-le-calendrier-du-dossier-le-plus-explosif-du-quinquennat-20190726

https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/08/09/le-rapport-delevoye-sur-les-retraites-ne-prend-pas-en-consideration-les-particularites-de-la-profession-d-avocat_5497912_3232.html

https://www.linternaute.com/argent/guide-de-vos-finances/1400357-reforme-des-retraites-ces-sujets-qui-promettent-une-rentree-agitee/

https://www.jim.fr/e-docs/sort_de_la_carmf_la_fmf_appelle_a_la_mobilisation__178950/document_actu_pro.phtml

Hong Kong: Academics plead with university not to sack professor

August 12, 2019

Prof Tai’s appeal is scheduled for August 15, but pro-Beijing groups are calling on the University of Hong Kong to remove him from his position as an associate professor of law. (stock photo)

Hundreds of international academics have signed an open letter in support of a jailed Hong Kong law professor being held in solitary confinement, urging his university not to dismiss him from his job.

 

Benny Tai Yiu-ting, one of nine founders of the 2014 Umbrella movement, was sentenced to 16 months in prison in April over public nuisance charges related to his role in the mass protests that lasted for 79 days.

Prof Tai’s appeal is scheduled for August 15, but pro-Beijing groups are calling on the University of Hong Kong to remove him from his position as an associate professor of law. More than 300 academics have signed the letter in support of Prof Tai, released today.

“Professor Tai has expressed his willingness to accept criminal punishment in service of his convictions, he should not be additionally published by losing his academic position,” they say in the letter to Xiang Zhang, president of the University of Hong Kong.

Terry C Halliday, a research professor at the American Bar Foundation, warned that a dismissal would also be a “disaster” for the university’s global reputation.

The university is expected to schedule a disciplinary hearing after Prof Tai’s appeal, having said in April it would follow up on the court’s decision in accordance with its internal procedure.

Another jailed founder of the 2014 movement, Chan Kin-Man was an associate professor of sociology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, but retired at the end of 2018 before he was tried. He is also serving a 16-month sentence.

Prof Tai was sent to solitary confinement after joining the city-wide strike by refusing to work in the prison last Monday.

 

https://www.independent.ie/world-news/asia-pacific/academics-plead-with-university-not-to-sack-professor-38394853.html

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/08/12/british-academics-call-university-hong-kong-not-dismiss-jailed/

https://www.hongkongfp.com/2019/08/08/jailed-hong-kong-democracy-leader-benny-tai-sent-solitary-confinement-strike-action/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benny_Tai

https://www.law.hku.hk/faculty/staff/tai_benny.php

http://www.epochtimes.com/gb/19/8/9/n11442207.htm (CHINESE)

https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benny_Tai (FRANCAIS)

#BennyTai