Daily Archives: 11/12/2018

Egypt: Egyptian Lawyer Arrested for Possessing Yellow Vests

December 11, 2018

Montaza prosecution handed lawyer Mohamed Ramadan 15-day detention order for having five yellow vests pending case 16576/2018.
Ramadan, known as Abu Baibars, was arrested yesterday and was held at the National Security headquarter in Alexandria.
He is charged with possessing yellow vests to use in demonstrations against the Egyptian regime copycatting the protests that erupted in France, said Mohamed Hafez, lawyer at the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression.
Hafez confirmed that Ramadan did not have any yellow vests on him.
“possessing yellow vests is not a crime itself; there are no laws criminalizing having or wearing yellow shirts. These actions show that the current regime is terrified of repeating what has happened in France,” Hafez said.

https://afteegypt.org/en/breaking_news-2/2018/12/11/16810-afteegypt.html?fbclid=IwAR2tXx_J_pFfnZcGdEqbK1sSO_CVjgPcVohxAABphdWRfU6kbULnv3J-j7c

https://madamasr.com/en/2018/12/11/news/u/rights-lawyer-mohamed-ramadan-detained-on-charges-including-possession-of-yellow-vests/?fbclid=IwAR3jVtD3Ih4iWAjC9HHMBiajkp26GJ2R7l64Qyr71NoI-SyytPVqaT7v0o4

https://egyptianstreets.com/2018/12/11/egypt-bans-the-sales-of-yellow-vests-suspecting-that-egyptians-might-copy-the-french/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-46522605

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-egypt-arrest/egyptian-lawyer-held-for-wearing-yellow-vest-as-sales-restricted-activist-idUSKBN1OA28V

https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/en/case/mohamed-ramadan-sentenced-under-counter-terrorism-law

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/12/egypt-restricts-sale-yellow-vests-fear-protests-181212063903872.html

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/egypt-jails-lawyer-15-days-possessing-five-yellow-vests-27414294

https://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Egyptian-lawyer-detained-after-wearing-yellow-vest-574104

https://lso.ca/about-lso/initiatives/human-rights-monitoring-group/public-statement-egypt-december-2018?lang=en-ca

https://www.icj.org/egypt-authorities-must-end-the-arbitrary-detention-of-human-rights-lawyer-mohamed-ramadan/?fbclid=IwAR2KarHfma3yoDPOyPYE0UNYrueMyXpxbaYAuS0BSr3VkyH40-wGcGO_hJI

https://www.letelegramme.fr/monde/egypte-la-vente-de-gilets-jaunes-controlee-par-la-police-11-12-2018-12159206.php (FRANCAIS)

https://www.atlantico.fr/node/3561041 (FRANCAIS)

https://www.lci.fr/international/restrictions-des-ventes-de-gilets-jaunes-en-egypte-par-peur-de-la-contagion-2107216.html (FRANCAIS)

https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/en-egypte-un-avocat-arrete-pour-detention-de-gilets-jaunes?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook&Echobox=1544632648&fbclid=IwAR0PonoWCPbs08TdeV8vIK1ybYuG0Xd7ebTqhz1Kpo6mzmqaGbvxgUaLJAg (FRANCAIS)

https://lso.ca/a-propos-du-barreau/initiatives/groupe-de-surveillance-des-droits-de-la-personne/public-statement-egypt-(november-2018) (FRANCAIS)

CCBE/European Convention on the Profession of Lawyer: Milestone document anniversary marked

December 11, 2018

The 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been marked this week as a milestone document in the history of human rights.

Drafted by representatives with varied legal and cultural backgrounds, the declaration sets out a common framework for all signatories concerning human rights after the atrocities experienced during the Second World War.

 

The year 1948 was the first time in history that countries came together to protect fundamental human rights.
Inherent dignity

According to its preamble, the declaration recognises the “inherent dignity” and the “equal and inalienable rights” of humankind, stressing that “human rights should be protected by the rule of law”.

The Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) said this week that adequate protection of fundamental freedoms and human rights – whether economic, social and cultural, or civil and political – requires that everyone has effective access to legal services provided by independent lawyers.The CCBE is working in support of threatened lawyers worldwide, and makes an annual human rights award each year.

Violations

The CCBE also regularly writes to national authorities when lawyers are victims of human-rights violations. This year, the CCBE has already sent more than 50 letters to 31 countries where lawyers have gone missing, have been assaulted, harassed or even murdered.

The CCBE also supports the work currently carried out by the Council of Europe on a proposed European convention on the profession of lawyer and welcomed the recommendation adopted in January by the parliamentary assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), inviting the committee of ministers to draft such a convention.

Binding instrument

The CCBE considers that such a binding instrument is needed in order to respond to attacks against the role of lawyers, which have grown over recent years.

Such a convention would strengthen the rule of law and, thereby, the protection of the profession of lawyer, whose mission is fundamental in the administration of justice and the safeguarding of fundamental rights.

 

https://www.lawsociety.ie/gazette/Top-Stories/milestone-document-anniversary-marked/

http://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/Xref-XML2HTML-EN.asp?fileid=24466&lang=en

https://www.lawsociety.ie/gazette/Top-Stories/ccbe-concern-over-rule-of-law-backsliders/

https://www.ccbe.eu/

https://www.lemondedudroit.fr/institutions/61135-prix-droits-homme-2018-ccbe-miko%C5%82aj-pietrzak.html (FRANCAIS)

Spain/Brazil: Spain starts Brazil extradition bid for gunman in 1977 attack

December 11, 2018

Spain starts Brazil extradition bid for gunman in 1977 attack

(Carlos Garcia Julia pictured in 1977 and the memorial to the attack outside the lawyers office in Calle Atocha. Photo: Wikimedia CC)

Spanish prosecutors on Monday demanded the extradition of a Spanish man convicted over the 1977 killing of five leftists in Madrid, after his arrest in Brazil last week.

Prosecutors at Madrid’s High Court want to ask Brazil to extradite Carlos Garcia Julia, who was detained in Sao Paulo, Brazil’s biggest city, on December 5th.

But their request still has to be approved by Spain’s High Court and then by the Spanish government.

Garcia Julia was among a group of gunmen linked to a far-right organisation who, on January 24, 1977, attacked a law firm working for labour unions.

They killed four Communist lawyers and an administrative staff member in the attack, on Madrid’s central Calle Atocha. Garcia Julia was among those convicted in 1980 of the killings.

In 1991, a judge granted Garcia Julia parole and allowed him to move to Paraguay but he disappeared shortly after.

He is believed to have moved around Latin America before finally settling in Brazil where he was reportedly working as an Uber driver using a fake name.

 

https://www.thelocal.es/20181211/spain-starts-brazil-extradition-bid-for-gunman-in-1977-attack

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/07/carlos-garcia-julia-arrested-brazil-sao-paulo-1977-atocha-attack

https://www.euroweeklynews.com/2018/12/07/terrorist-caught-high-profile-fugitive-captured-after-24-years-on-the-run/#.XA_acWhKjIU

http://dayoftheendangeredlawyer.eu/backgrounds/

https://www.lavanguardia.com/politica/20181210/453480217266/fiscalia-extradicion-matanza-atocha-carlos-garcia-julia.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.lavanguardia.com/politica/20181208/453417223341/carlos-garcia-julia-matanza-de-atocha-policia-nacional-audiencia-nacional-brasil-detenido.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.abc.es/espana/abci-detenido-brasil-garcia-julia-autores-matanza-abogados-atocha-201812061956_noticia.html (ESPANOL)

https://www.elespanol.com/espana/politica/20181206/detenido-brasil-carlos-garcia-julia-material-atocha/358715051_0.html (ESPANOL)

http://www.rtve.es/alacarta/videos/telediario/detenido-brasil-carlos-garcia-julia-uno-autores-matanza-atocha/4876676/ (ESPANOL)

https://brasil.elpais.com/brasil/2018/12/06/internacional/1544121325_227433.html (PORTUGUES)

https://internacional.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,condenado-na-matanca-de-atocha-na-espanha-carlos-garcia-julia-e-preso-no-brasil,70002636076 (PORTUGUES)

https://politica.estadao.com.br/blogs/fausto-macedo/terrorista-do-massacre-de-atocha-sera-extraditado-para-a-espanha/ (PORTUGUES)

https://noticias.uol.com.br/ultimas-noticias/efe/2018/12/10/promotoria-quer-que-espanha-peca-ao-brasil-extradicao-de-carlos-garcia-julia.htm (PORTUGUES)

#DayoftheEndangeredLawyer

South Africa: BLF attack on advocate a threat to justice and rule of law – NADEL

December 11, 2018

The National Association of Democratic Lawyers (NADEL) condemns the attack on a Johannesburg Advocate at the Johannesburg High Court.

It was reported in the media that a female advocate was attacked by a mob of members of the political party Black First Land First(BLF). It was reported that the advocate was cornered and then beaten in an elevator including being punched in the face. She managed to escape her attackers when the elevator stopped. The mob then went to court looking for her.

We expect that this violent, criminal incident will be thoroughly investigated by the authorities. The perpetrators must face the full might of the law.

The courthouse and courtroom represents the ideals of justice, democracy and the rule of law especially in our constitutional dispensation. The attack on the advocate is therefore also an attack on the very principles of justice, democracy and the rule of law.

In a democracy the rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order and limits the political exercise of power. The rule of law is critical for democracy rooted in equal rights and accountability to flourish. The rule of law is dispensed through our judiciary housed in our courthouses.

Threats and violence against lawyers, legal professionals and members of the judiciary also represent a significant threat to the rule of law.

This attack cannot be viewed as a single incident or in a vacuum. There has been an increase in the number of violent incidents in our courts.

http://www.politicsweb.co.za/politics/attack-on-advocate-a-threat-to-justice-and-rule-of

https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/law-society-condemns-attack-on-female-advocate-20181211

https://ewn.co.za/2018/12/08/mngxitama-defends-blf-members-who-attacked-jhb-lawyer

https://www.politicsweb.co.za/politics/blf-leader-to-be-reported-to-sahrc-over-kill-white

Peru: Criminalización del abodado del IDL Juan Carlos Ruíz Molleda y el médico ambientalista Fernando Osores Plenge

LLAMADO URGENTE – EL OBSERVATORIO

PER 002 / 1218 / OBS 140

Criminalización

Perú

10 de diciembre de 2018

El Observatorio para la Protección de los Defensores de Derechos Humanos, programa conjunto de la Organización Mundial Contra la Tortura (OMCT) y de la FIDH, solicita su intervención urgente ante la siguiente situación en Perú.

Descripción de la situación:

El Observatorio ha recibido información de la Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos de Perú (CNDDHH) sobre la criminalización de los Sres. Juan Carlos Ruíz Molleda, abogado de derechos humanos que trabaja en el Instituto de Defensa Legal (IDL)[1] y Fernando Osores Plenge, médico ambientalista comprometido con la denuncia de los impactos sobre el derecho a la salud provocados por la contaminación ambiental.

Según la información recibida, el 8 de noviembre tuvo lugar la audiencia de control de la acusación que el Ministerio Público ha presentado en contra de los Sres. Ruíz Molleda y Osores Plenge por la supuesta comisión del delito de uso de documento público falso en agravio del Ministerio de Salud. La audiencia fue inicialmente suspendida hasta el 30 de noviembre y con posterioridad ha sido nuevamente aplazada hasta el 20 de diciembre.

Tras pasar por varias instancias del poder judicial peruano, el 11 de junio de 2018 la Fiscalía emitió su requerimiento acusatorio en contra de los Sres. Ruíz y Osores, en el que solicitaba la imposición de pena privativa de libertad de dos años, la pena accesoria de 30 a 90 días multa, así como el pago de una reparación civil de 6 mil soles (1 565 Euros). Según las mismas informaciones, la acusación del Ministerio Público presentaba serias falencias a nivel probatorio y además únicamente se basaba en una parte de la documentación puesto que no tomaba en consideración como parte de su valoración jurídica importantes elementos que habían sido aportados por la defensa en su solicitud de sobreseimiento[2].

El proceso en su contra se inició el 2 de octubre de 2015 con una denuncia penal presentada por elMinisterio de Salud (MINSA) y el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) en la que se les acusaba de lo siguiente: delitos contra la fe pública en sus modalidades de falsedad ideológica (artículo 428 del Código penal), falsificación de documento público y uso de documento público falso (artículo 427), y falsedad genérica (artículo 438); así como el delito de grave perturbación de la tranquilidad pública (artículo 315-A del Código Penal). Varios de estos delitos fueron posteriormente descartados por el Ministerio Público falta de elementos de convicción.

http://www.omct.org/es/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/peru/2018/12/d25158/

https://www.abogacia.es/2018/11/30/el-observatorio-para-la-abogacia-en-riesgo-apoya-al-abogado-peruano-juan-carlos-ruiz-frente-a-la-criminalizacion-de-su-actividad-profesional/

http://derechoshumanos.pe/2018/11/observatorio-internacional-de-abogados-expresa-preocupacion-por-persecucion-penal-del-abogado-juan-carlos-ruiz/

https://www.servindi.org/actualidad-noticias/10/12/2018/omct-lanza-alerta-sobre-criminalizacion-contra-juan-carlos-ruiz-y

https://laley.pe/art/6649/el-principio-de-legalidad-como-pretexto-para-incumplir-el-convenio-169-de-la-oit

Tunisia: Tunisie: Les avocats en grève

le 7 décembre, 2018

Tunisie: Les avocats en grève 

Les avocats entameront, ce lundi 10 décembre, une grève dans tous les tribunaux de la Tunisie, et ce, pour protester contre les mesures contenues dans l’article 34 de la loi de finances, a annoncé, ce vendredi, le Conseil de l’Ordre des avocats. A ce titre, l’ordre des avocats appelle les députés à faire tomber l’article en question. (photo d’illustration)

https://www.espacemanager.com/tunisie-les-avocats-en-greve.html

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-national-tunisie/459771/ordre-des-avocats-decide-de-prolonger-la-greve

https://tunivisions.net/16783/la-colere-des-avocats-se-poursuit-en-prolongeant-leur-greve-les-11-12-et-13-decembre-dans-tous-les-tribunaux/#.XA91g5M-Ils.facebook

https://avocat.org.tn/fr/article-953-pr%C3%A9paration-du-gr%C3%A9ve-g%C3%A9n%C3%A9rale-10-12-2018

https://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2018/12/10/tunisie-le-batonnier-des-avocats-affirme-la-reussite-de-la-greve-contre-larticle-34-du-projet-de-loi-de-finances/

https://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2018/12/10/kasserine-les-avocats-en-colere/

https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-greve-generale-des-avocats-pour-protester-contre-des-dispositions-de-la-loi-de-finances-2019/

http://www.webdo.tn/2018/12/07/tunisie-lundi-10-decembre-greve-des-avocats/

https://www.nessma.tv/fr/article/les-avocats-en-greve-lundi-prochain-8935

https://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-national-tunisie/459971/l-ordre-des-avocats-conteste-la-constitutionnalite-de-la-ldf-2019

https://www.nessma.tv/fr/article/le-batonnier-appelle-a-ne-pas-promulguer-la-loi-de-finances-2019-8642

http://www.businessnews.com.tn/la-mare-des-avocats,520,84469,3

https://www.universnews.tn/politique/les-avocats-et-lunion-des-professions-liberales-descendent-a-la-kasbah-slogan-dominant-nous-ne-sommes-pas-vos-delateurs-qawwada/?fbclid=IwAR2C2PEJ8Ea9JFIwxh8ZJgbvadSuODe3C-fF0dg1xOa_6hxfTxoBCLsT7ws

 

Iran: Iranian court sentences 2 lawyers 5 years period in jail

December 10, 2018

Qasem Sholeh Sa’di

Iranian lawyers Arash Keykhosravi and Qasem Shole Saadi who had been detained on August 18 because of demonstrations in front of Iran Majlis (parliament) have been sentenced to 5 years in prison.

Talking to the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) on Monday, Abouzar Nasrollahi, the lawyer of Arash Keykhosravi stated he has been sentenced to 5 years imprisonment for contributing to act against national security and to 1 year in jail for carrying out advertising campaign against the government.

He continued to say that Shole Saadi has also been sentenced for the same accusations.

The judgments can be protested against and should be ratified by an appeal court.

https://menafn.com/1097809673/Iranian-court-sentences-2-lawyers-5-years-period-in-jail

http://www.omct.org/human-rights-defenders/urgent-interventions/iran/2018/12/d25159/?fbclid=IwAR3ZBLOD9DeoI1VlYmTS6JfDlTAiNfOYVlzFa2M9sqwXA0mbbsGXwlGBWCA

https://iran-hrm.com/index.php/2018/12/10/iranian-lawyers-sentenced-to-prison-by-notorious-judge/

http://time.com/5476422/iran-sentences-human-rights-lawyers/

https://iranhumanrights.org/2018/08/fourth-human-rights-lawyer-slapped-with-national-security-charges-in-iran/

https://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/nation-world/world/article222940000.html

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46547845

https://iranhumanrights.org/2018/12/political-prisoner-on-hunger-strike-in-iran-has-died-another-in-grave-danger/

https://www.cjnews.com/news/canada/irwin-cotler-mps-call-for-sanctions-against-iranian-officials

https://www.europapress.es/internacional/noticia-oleg-sentsov-carga-contra-putin-citarlo-ceremonia-sajarov-eurocamara-20181212150359.html (ESPANOL)