June 6, 2018
Police in the Indian state of Maharashtra on Wednesday arrested five Dalit activists on charges of inciting violence earlier this year, drawing criticism from community leaders.
The arrests of the Dalit writers and activists – Sudhir Dhawale, Shoma Sen, Mahesh Raut, and Surendra Gadling – were made in connection to clashes between unprivileged caste Dalits and privileged caste groups in Bhima Koregaon, central Maharashtra, and ensuing protests in January. Two people were killed in the violence.
Dalits, who have suffered thousands of years of exclusion and extreme poverty, are at the bottom of India’s Hindu caste hierarchy.
Shivaji Pawar, additional commissioner of police in Pune, told Al Jazeera the “probe is at a primary stage”.
“They have been arrested under the Unlawful Activities Act and charges under the Indian penal code,” Pawar said.
In January, Dalits from across Maharashtra took to the streets to protest against a January 1 attack on the community during the 200th-anniversary celebrations of the Battle of Bhima-Koregaon.
During that battle in 1818, unprivileged-caste Dalits sided with British colonial forces to defeat privileged-caste rulers.
The police are probing the connection of those arrested on Wednesday to “inflammatory speeches” at an event in Pune on December 31, 2017.
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Condemn the arbitrary arrests of Shoma Sen, Sudhir Dhawale, Surendra Gadling, Rona Wilson, and Mahesh Raut by the Maharashtra Police!
Women against Sexual Violence and State Repression (WSS) is outraged at the arbitrary arrest of its valued member, Professor Shoma Sen along with other leading Dalit and human rights activists, in an alarming crackdown on civil liberties activists throughout the country.
Today, on 6th June 2018 at 6 am in the morning, Professor Shoma Sen, Advocate Surendra Gadling, cultural activist Sudhir Dhawale, human rights activist Rona Wilson and anti-displacement activist Mahesh Raut were arrested from different locations in Nagpur, Bombay and Delhi by the Maharashtra police. Professor Shoma Sen – Head of the English Department in Nagpur University and a long time Dalit and women’s rights activist, Advocate Surendra Gadling — General Secretary of the Indian Association of Peoples’ Lawyers (IAPL), Sudhir Dhawale — editor of the Marathi magazine Vidrohi and founder of the Republican Panthers, Rona Wilson – human rights activist and Secretary of Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners (CRPP) and Mahesh Raut — anti-displacement activist working with Gram Sabhas in the mining areas of Gadhchiroli and a former Prime Minister’s Rural Development Fellow — are all reportedly arrested in connection with the Bhima-Koregaon riots that took place in January 2018. These arrests follow intense harassment of these activists; and many of them had their houses raided earlier this year in April by the Maharashtra police along with raids at the homes of Kabir Kala Manch (KKM) activists Rupali Jadhav, Jyoti Jagtap, Ramesh Gaichor, Sagar Gorkhe, Dhawala Dhengale in Pune and Republican Panther activist Harshali Potdar
These arrests are in response to the assertion of Dalit, Adivasi, OBC, Muslim unity during the Bhima Koregaon Shaurya Din Prerna Abhiyan organised by the ‘Elgaar Parishad’ in Shaniwarwada in Pune on 31st December 2017. The Abhiyan was organised at the eve of bi-centenary of the battle between Peshwas and the British near the village of Koregaon on the Bhima River. The British regiment largely consisting of people from the Mahar community had stood up against the Peshwas and this is seen as a fight against the Brahmanical forces historically perpetuating caste discrimination against some of the most marginalised people of the country. Today, this battle is being witnessed again under the regime of Brahmanical Hindutva fascism of the current government that is crushing the voices of marginalised once again through its coercive forces. This year, the Abhiyan was attacked by right wing organisations in the state of Maharashtra, and attackers were brandishing saffron flags, with the active support of the state police. This resulted in the death of one and injuries on several people. The leaders inciting the violence went on to file cases of violence against the organisers of the programme along with several unnamed persons resulting in immediate mass arrests of dalits, activists and participants, all over the state of Maharashtra by the state police.
In the wake of the violence, on 3rd January, several dalit, OBC, Muslim and Maratha organisations and leaders joined hands and called for a united Maharashtra Bandh calling for unity and condemning brutal violence and divisive politics of Hindutva forces. Led by Prakash Ambedkar, grandson of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and leader of Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh, the bandh was observed by people all over the state of Maharashtra. During the mass peaceful bandh, the Maharashtra police detained and arrested over 5000 people, mainly dalits, from across the state. Of the thousands arrested, several were taken from their homes, including children, while the mainstream media completely blacked out the entire operation of the state government and the police. This reveals deep rooted casteism, Brahmanical and feudal arrogance of the state as well as its extreme fear of the assertion of the most marginalised people of the country. By filing cases against several thousand people, the state attempted to intimidate and coerce the people into silence.
Those who attacked the Bhima-Koregaon Abhiyan were treated differently. Despite Sambhaji Bhide, leader of Shiv Pratishthan Hindustan and one of the main persons who orchestrated and incited violence, being charged under Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act and Arms Act after widespread protests from across the country, he walks free and gloats about his actions openly while receiving the blessings of politicians and ideologues of Hindutva. Milind Ekbote of Hindu Ekata Aghadi was arrested in March 2018, but was out on bail a month later. The efforts to raid the homes of several activists, taking away their phones, pen drives, hard drives, and laptops of the activists of the Elgaar Parishad has deprived them of the evidence that proves the involvement of people like Sambhaji Bhide. Several activists who were not at the Elgaar Parishad programme are now being picked up and arrested in order to portray them as Naxals. This narrative suits the interests of the state that is bent on protecting the Hindutva brigade while attacking the dalits, adivasis, Muslims and women of this country. This is further illustrated after the death of Pooja Sakal, a young dalit woman, was found dead in mysterious circumstances in a well near her home in Koregaon. Instead of investigating this death, the police along with the caste Hindus of the village have worked hard to ostracise the entire dalit population from Koregaon’s dalit basti.
Now, the string of arrests shows the targeted attacks on the people speaking for the rights of dalits, adivasis, Muslims and women. The arbitrary arrests also indicate a concerted attempt by the Indian State to break the backbone of the Dalit Movement against the unjust caste system. From the dilution of the hard-won SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act to the arrest of Dalit activists such as Chandrashekhar Azad ‘Ravan’ of the Bhim Army under the draconian National Security Act (NSA), it is clear that the Indian State is conducting a vicious witch-hunt of all the activists who are raising their voice against caste atrocities. On the other hand, instead of taking action against the perpetrators of the violence during Bhima Koregaon Abhiyan, the state machinery is focused on targeting activists, professors, and lawyers who have condemned the violence of the Hindutva leaders as well as the police. These raids come at a time when the people of the country from Thoothkudi to Kalinganagar, Gadchiroli to Delhi have risen up united against the anti-people policies of the state. The crushing of such voices of dissent is a direct attack on the democracy of this country and intends to intimidate people into silence. Today, we must come together, condemn the arrests of these activists and reaffirm our resolve to speak out boldly against the fascist state.
WSS unequivocally stands in solidarity with Professor Shoma Sen and all the others arrested today, and demands
· The immediate and unconditional release of Professor Shoma Sen, Advocate Surendra Gadling, Sudhir Dhawale, Rona Wilson and Mahesh Raut
· An end to the vindictive harassment and state repression of all those activists and intellectuals who organized or spoke at the Elgaar Parishad
· A high-level investigation into the widespread violence organized against Dalit, OBC and Muslim communities in the aftermath of the Bhima-Koregaon commemoration.
· Immediate arrest of Sambhaji Bhide on serious charges of rioting, attempt to murder and under the SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act, and cancellation of bail of Milind Ekbote.
Women against Sexual Violence and State Repression (WSS)
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