Daily Archives: 03/08/2016

China: Des militants et des avocats des droits humains devant la justice chinoise un an après leur arrestation

le 3 août, 2016

Le militant Hu Shigen, à son arrivée au tribunal de Tianjin, mercredi 3 août 2016, sur des images de la télévision d’Etat CCTV.

Un an après la vague de détentions de plus de 250 avocats des droits de l’homme, les premières condamnations tombent. Mercredi 3 août était jugé Hu Shigen par la seconde cour intermédiaire de Tianjin, dans l’est de la Chine, qui l’a condamné à une peine de sept ans et demi de prison pour avoir « nui à la sécurité nationale et porté atteinte à la stabilité sociale ». Ce militant de longue date avait déjà été condamné en 1994 pour avoir « organisé un groupe contre-révolutionnaire ». Il est membre de la même Eglise protestante souterraine qu’un autre défenseur des droits dont le procès doit s’ouvrir dans la semaine, Guo Hongguo.

La veille, le juriste engagé Zhai Yanmin, employé du cabinet Fengrui, avait été condamné à une peine de trois ans de prison, suspendue pendant quatre années de mise à l’épreuve. Il était accusé de « subversion du pouvoir de l’Etat » pour avoir brandi des banderoles et crié des slogans lors de quatre manifestations depuis 2014, afin d’attirer l’attention sur des affaires sensibles. La cour l’a notamment jugé coupable d’avoir « exagéré des affaires dans le but dedéstabiliser le gouvernement chinois », selon le verdict cité par l’agence officielle, Chine nouvelle.

Un quatrième inculpé doit également passer devant les juges dans les prochains jours. Il s’agit de Zhou Shifeng, le patron du cabinet Fengrui, qui s’est illustré en défendant aussi bien des membres du mouvement religieux Falungong, honni par Pékin, que des paysans expulsés de leurs terres.

http://www.lemonde.fr/asie-pacifique/article/2016/08/03/des-militants-et-des-avocats-des-droits-humains-devant-la-justice-chinoise-un-an-apres-leur-arrestation_4977929_3216.html

China: Confessions, Closed Trials Mock Justice

August 3, 2016

A lone reporter monitors what is supposedly the live court transcript displayed at a press centre near the Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate People's Court On August 2.

The trials of Beijing Fengrui Law Firm director Zhou Shifeng and activists Hu Shigen, Zhai Yanmin, and Gou Hongguo, which are being held this week at Tianjin No. 2 Intermediate People’s Court, are a miscarriage of justice, Human Rights Watch said today. Chinese authorities should immediately drop all charges against the lawyers, legal assistants, and rights activists detained in connection with the sweep of July 9, 2015. The trials, held between August 2 and 5, have not been open and public as claimed by Chinese authorities.

On August 2 the court tried, convicted, and sentenced Zhai for “subversion” within five hours. The court handed down a term of three years in prison but commuted it to four years’ suspended sentence. On August 3, also within hours, the court convicted Hu for “subversion” and sentenced him to seven and a half years in prison.

On August 1, state media and pro-Beijing press in Hong Kong reported that Tianjin authorities had also released on bail Wang Yu, one of the most prominent Fengrui lawyers, and broadcast a confession by her that appeared coerced. Her whereabouts remain unknown.

“These cases lay bare Chinese authorities’ shameless manipulation of the legal system to silence rule of law advocates and critics,” said Sophie Richardson, China director at Human Rights Watch. “Authorities have lied about an open trial, and faked Wang Yu’s release. The only hard truth here is China’s appalling backsliding on rights.”

https://www.hrw.org/news/2016/08/03/china-confessions-closed-trials-mock-justice

http://www.ndtv.com/world-news/china-activist-jailed-for-more-than-seven-years-1439915

http://ecodiario.eleconomista.es/politica/noticias/7745305/08/16/Un-lider-religioso-segundo-activista-condenado-por-China-en-dos-dias.html (SPANISH)

http://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2016/08/03/chinese-activist-krijgt-75-jaar-cel-a1514496 (DUTCH)

https://www.publico.pt/mundo/noticia/china-condena-mais-um-activista-pelo-crime-de-subversao-1740195 (PORTUGUESE)

http://vi.rfi.fr/chau-a/20160803-trung-quoc-ket-an-mot-nha-tranh-dau-hon-7-nam-tu (VIETNAMESE)

China: Chine : «Les déclarations de Wang Yu vont servir à accabler les autres avocats»

le 3 août, 2016

Wang Yu, en mars 2014, à Pékin.

Bertrand Favreau, du barreau de Bordeaux, explique les circonstances très troubles dans lesquelles la défenseuse des droits humains, emprisonnée depuis un an, a refusé de recevoir le prix international Ludovic-Trarieux.

Le prix international des droits de l’homme Ludovic-Trarieux,«hommage des avocats à un avocat», avait été promis cette année à Wang Yu, une Chinoise de 46 ans raflée lors du «vendredi noir», grande campagne contre les défenseurs des droits de l’homme menée en Chine le 7 juillet 2015 pour «subversion». Lundi, une télévision a diffusé une «interview» dans laquelle elle dit refuser le prix, dans des circonstances très proches de la réapparition d’une autre juriste, Zhao Wei, il y a deux semaines. Bertrand Favreau, avocat bordelais qui a fondé l’institution en 1984, explique pourquoi le jury a décidé de décerner quand même à Wang Yu la récompense de 20 000 euros.

Pourquoi le jury a-t-il choisi Wang Yu ?

Sa candidature avait déjà été proposée en 2015 par une association d’avocats pour la défense des droits humains basée à Hongkong, mais son dossier était arrivé trop tard. Elle n’était pas encore en prison à l’époque, mais son travail correspondait aux critères de sélection. Wang Yu, qui défend, entre autres, la cause féminine et la minorité ouïghoure, a déjà fait deux ans et demi de prison pour une sombre accusation de la police des chemins de fer. Elle a été de nouveau arrêtée le 9 juillet 2015 avec des dizaines d’autres. Lors des audiences, c’est une avocate qui n’hésitait pas à s’opposer, se faisant sortir manu militari par les gardes de la cour pour avoir invoqué des «textes séditieux», comme la déclaration des droits humains ou les pactes sur les droits civils. Elle souffre aussi dans sa chair. Son fils, âgé de 17 ans, arrêté alors qu’il partait faire ses études à l’étranger, est placé en résidence surveillée en Mongolie depuis un an.

http://www.liberation.fr/planete/2016/08/03/chine-les-declarations-de-wang-yu-vont-servir-a-accabler-les-autres-avocats_1470025

Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights double standards exposed

August 3, 2016

Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights (ZLHR have come under attacked for representing arrested war veterans leaders but turned a blind eye on Paul Siwela and John Gazi who where facing treason charges.

The lawyers, last week jumped to represent war veterans spokesperson Douglas Mahiya.

They managed to secure a $300 bail for Mahiya.

The lawyers have also taken upon themselves to represent the associations secretary-general Victor Matemadanda, national Vice Chairperson Headman Sibanda and Hoyini Samuel Bhila, ZNLWVA’s Vice Chairperson for Harare province after the two handed themselves to detectives at Harare Central Police Station’s Law and Order Section.

ZLHR defended its move with the group’s chairperson Beatrice Mtetwa insisting the organisation was apolitical.

Mtetwa said her organisation was apolitical, adding that they would readily deploy lawyers from the independent stable to defend people who are apparently being persecuted for their political positions.

http://bulawayo24.com/index-id-news-sc-national-byo-93566.html

Egypt: Lawyers Syndicate demands Malek Adly be allowed to receive visitors

August 1, 2016

malek adly

Head of the Lawyers Syndicate Sameh Ashour requested on Sunday that Minister of Interior Magdy Abdel Ghaffar allow Malek Adly’s defence lawyers to visit him in prison.

Ashour demanded that prison regulations be applied to Adly and that the defendant be allowed to exercise.

In a statement, Ashour said the law must be implemented without bias against any defendant in prison, no matter their identity or the nature of the charges. Earlier this month, Ashour filed a similar request to the minister of interior and the deputy general, after Adly’s health had reportedly deteriorated due to mistreatment and isolation in his cell.

Adly’s defence team withdrew from the detention renewal session on Sunday after their request to assign an independent judge to the case was denied. This was to show their full legal support of the detained lawyer.

Adly was arrested in early May for opposing the maritime demarcation deal between Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which would have transferred the sovereignty of two Red Sea Islands, Tiran and Sanafir, to Saudi Arabia.

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2016/08/01/lawyers-syndicate-demands-malek-adly-allowed-receive-visitors/

China: China sentences longtime activist to nearly 8 years on subversion charge

August 3, 2016

Tianjin Court

A former literature professor who spent 16 years in prison after China’s 1989 crackdown on democracy protests was convicted of subversion Wednesday and sentenced to 7½ years behind bars.

Hu Shigen, a writer and member of underground Christian churches, was tried by the No. 2 Intermediate People’s Court in Tianjin, a city southeast of Beijing. He is among hundreds of people who were detained last year in a broad crackdown on civil society advocates and human rights lawyers.

Hu, two other activists and a prominent lawyer are being tried this week in Tianjin. On Tuesday, activist Zhai Yanmin was convicted on subversion charges but was given a suspended prison sentence.

Hu, who is now in his early 60s, was born into a poor family and worked in a car factory before going on to study Chinese literature at Peking University in the late 1970s. He became a lecturer at what is now Beijing Language and Culture University in the 1980s.

http://observador.pt/2016/08/03/julgamentos-de-advogados-dos-direitos-humanos-prosseguem-na-china/

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/aug/03/christian-church-leader-hu-shigen-jailed-chinese-human-rights-crackdown

http://www.scmp.com/news/china/policies-politics/article/1998638/second-activist-sentenced-subversion-charges-after-huge

http://www.thestandard.com.hk/breaking-news.php?id=77841

http://zeenews.india.com/news/world/leading-chinese-human-rights-activist-hu-shigen-sentenced-to-over-7-years-in-jail_1914580.html

http://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-rights-idUSKCN10E0VT

https://theinitium.com/article/20160803-dailynews-hu-shigen/ (CHINESE)

http://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1507039 (CHINESE)

http://journalmetro.com/monde/1002703/chine-militant-des-droits-condamne-a-la-prison/ (FRANCAIS)

http://www.europe1.fr/international/chine-prison-ferme-pour-hu-shigen-militant-des-droits-de-lhomme-2812678 (FRANCAIS)

http://italian.cri.cn/1781/2016/08/03/65s276600.htm (ITALIANO)

http://www.china-files.com/it/link/48661/in-cina-e-in-asia-razzo-nordcoreano-nella-zee-giapponese (ITALIANO)

http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/mondo/2016/08/03/cina-7-anni-condanna-ad-altro-attivista_0d06beb6-1c36-4aa4-b334-5330ba3b3016.html (ITALIANO)

http://www.lasicilia.it/news/mondo/18479/cina–7-anni-condanna-ad-altro-attivista.html (ITALIANO)

http://www.dw.com/de/lange-haftstrafe-f%C3%BCr-chinesischen-b%C3%BCrgerrechtler/a-19445270 (DEUTSCH)

http://derstandard.at/2000042207105/Chinesischer-Aktivist-zu-siebeneinhalb-Jahren-Haft-verurteilt (DEUTSCH)

http://www.noticiasdealava.com/2016/08/03/politica/juicio-a-la-defensa-de-los-derechos-humanos (SPANISH)

http://www.elconfidencial.com/ultima-hora-en-vivo/2016-08-02/china-inicia-los-juicios-y-las-condenas-contra-abogados-de-derechos-humanos_980448/ (SPANISH)

http://www.cmjornal.xl.pt/mundo/detalhe/ativista_chines_condenado_por_subversao.html (PORTUGUESE)

http://expresso.sapo.pt/internacional/2016-08-03-Ativista-chines-condenado-por-subversao (PORTUGUESE)

http://avisenagder.no/kina-dommer-nok-en-menneskerettsaktivist/Type/NTB/19.1.188240 (NORWEGIAN)

http://internasional.republika.co.id/berita/internasional/global/16/08/03/obbsxf366-cina-vonis-aktivis-tujuh-tahun-penjara-karena-subversif (INDONESIAN)

Hu Shigen 胡石根

#Freethelawyers #709crackdown #HuShigen

Iran: Lawyers Still Languishing in Jails in Iran for Defending Dissidents Under Rouhani’s Watch

August 2, 2016

lawyers-prisoners

Campaign Pledges Three Years Ago to Free Political Prisoners Now Ring Hollow

Dozens of human rights lawyers who have been imprisoned for years in Iran for defending civil rights and political prisoners, remain behind bars three years after President Hassan Rouhani came to office, despite his campaign pledge to free political prisoners.

Some have been jailed since Iran’s violent crackdown that followed the widely disputed presidential election in 2009. Among the lawyers who have been freed, many remain banned from practicing law or have been forced to leave the country. Others, such as human rights lawyer Giti Pourfazel, have resigned from their profession in dismay after years of relentless persecution from the security establishment.

Abdolfattah Soltani—currently held in Evin Prison’s Ward 350 in Tehran—co-founded the bannedDefenders of Human Rights Center and represented political and civil rights activists throughout his career. He was arrested on September 10, 2011 and sentenced to 18 years in prison by Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court for “propaganda against the state,” “assembly and collusion against national security” and “earning illegitimate funds” for winning the Nuremberg International Human Rights Award in 2009, and banned from practicing law for 20 years.

Lawyers Still Languishing in Jails in Iran for Defending Dissidents Under Rouhani’s Watch

http://www.csdhi.org/index.php/actualites/repression/7788-des-avocats-deperissent-encore-en-prison-en-iran-pour-avoir-defendu-des-dissidents-sous-rohani (FRANCAIS)

http://www.br.de/nachrichten/mittelfranken/inhalt/abdolfattah-soltani-nuernberg-gesundheit-100.html (DEUTSCH)